Polio in children. As the disease

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2018-03-25 05:14:08

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Polio in children is more common under the age of 10 years. This is an acute viral disease that affects cells of the brain and spinal cord, causing flaccid paralysis. It is known for a long time, and until the polio vaccine claimed the lives of many kids.polio children

The causative agent of the disease is steady practically against any environmental conditions. He even tolerates very low temperatures and stay in the water, but afraid of boiling, disinfectants and ultraviolet radiation.

The Infection is oral-fecal way. In the body of the child, the pathogen can enter with dirty hands, if the kid was playing in the ground outside. The virus can be found in drinking water or food.

However, the main ways of infection remain airborne and household, especially if there is patients. The child can "catch" of the virus during a conversation with him, when you kiss, after sneezing or coughing.

Polio in children has the following symptoms:

  • Sore throat;
  • Nausea;
  • Cough;
  • Vomiting
  • Runny nose;
  • Headache,
  • Temperature;
  • Tension in the muscles of the neck.

During the incubation period, the disease does not manifest itself. Externally, the child seems healthy, but in his gut there is a rapid replication of the virus. The duration of this condition is 5-35 days.polio vaccine

Polio in children occurs in several stages:

  1. Preparationa. This period lasts from 1 to 6 days. The disease begins abruptly, with the appearance of all symptoms at the same time. Due to damage to the nervous system can be observed stiffness of the child, it becomes painful and hard to move independently. Approximately 4-5 days the temperature drops.
  2. Paralytic period. After the temporary relief starts the second stage. The temperature rises again, pain, confusion. Next comes paralysis that persists for 2-14 days. Most often, the child ceases to feel his limbs, at least &torso. Then the temperature is reduced, and the kid starts to go on the amendment.
  3. The Recovery period. Usually it takes a long time — from 3-6 months to 2-3 years. Within six months of the child's condition improves very quickly. Later, this process slows down. In severe cases, polio virus spinal cord can fully or partially retained the paralysis.

During treatment, the patient should definitely be on bed rest. The affected limb should be kept warm. We recommend taking a sedative, vitamins, and in severe pain &painkillers.vaccine-associated poliomyelitis

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Polio in children can also occur in nephrolithiasis form. It is manifested in the form of a light meningitis or fever.

There is Also a vaccine-associated poliomyelitis. It is observed in children who have not yet or have not completed the full course of vaccinations (or if it is made incorrectly), also it happens when there is defect in local immunity (directly into the intestines). It can be called the most dangerous complication after vaccination.

As the prevention of disease must always keep kids hands clean, avoid swimming in polluted water bodies, not to eat unwashed foods and thoroughly to protect them from flies, they can on their feet carry the virus.


Article in other languages:

AR: https://tostpost.com/ar/health/4881-polio-in-children-as-the-disease.html

BE: https://tostpost.com/be/zdaro-e/8683-pol-yam-el-t-dzyacey-yak-pracyakae-zahvorvanne.html

DE: https://tostpost.com/de/gesundheit/8684-poliomyelitis-bei-kindern-wie-verl-uft-die-krankheit.html

ES: https://tostpost.com/es/la-salud/8692-la-poliomielitis-en-los-ni-os-el-curso-de-la-enfermedad.html

HI: https://tostpost.com/hi/health/4883-polio-in-children-as-the-disease.html

JA: https://tostpost.com/ja/health/4881-polio-in-children-as-the-disease.html

KK: https://tostpost.com/kk/densauly/8688-poliomielit-balalar-a-yp-alay-auru.html

PL: https://tostpost.com/pl/zdrowie/8688-polio-u-dzieci-jak-przebiega-choroba.html

PT: https://tostpost.com/pt/sa-de/8684-a-poliomielite-em-crian-as-como-a-evolu-o-da-doen-a-e.html

TR: https://tostpost.com/tr/sa-l-k/8692-ocuk-felci-ocuklarda-hastal-k-nas-l-seyreder.html

UK: https://tostpost.com/uk/zdorov-ya/8688-pol-om-l-t-u-d-tey-yak-prot-ka-zahvoryuvannya.html

ZH: https://tostpost.com/zh/health/5314-polio-in-children-as-the-disease.html






Alin Trodden - author of the article, editor
"Hi, I'm Alin Trodden. I write texts, read books, and look for impressions. And I'm not bad at telling you about it. I am always happy to participate in interesting projects."

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