Analysis of the hormone testosterone: normal, depositions, transcript

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2018-03-17 18:00:26

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The Most important male hormone is testosterone, the rate of which depends on the floor. Its level increases several times during pregnancy. The presence of this hormone in the required amount in the body by both men and women is the key to health and Wellness. The lack or excess of testosterone may indicate serious pathologies have a negative effect primarily on the reproductive function, sexual and reproductive health.

Testosterone is synthesized in males primarily in the testes cells of Lading. In women, it occurs in the ovaries and the adrenal cortex, and in peripheral metabolism. The hormone is in the blood mainly in bound state. Biological activity has only the free testosterone, which women have only 1% of the total, and men – 2%.

This hormone controls the potency, prostate function and sperm production. It also affects the voice, growth of hair and stimulates libido in both sexes. Therefore, a normal level of testosterone is essential for the reproductive and sexual functions. Women have an increased amount of it can cause infertility and miscarriages. After 55 years, the secretion of adrenal hormone is drastically reduced.

So, the testosterone standard (ng/ml):

  • Women – 0,66-1,2;
  • Men – and 2.91-15,11.

Be aware that with age, the level of noise is reduced. In addition, the rules depend on the laboratory and may be slightly different due to the use of different test systems. We also used a different measurement.

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So, the testosterone normal (nmol/l):

  • Women – 2,41-4,2;
  • Men – 10-52,3.

Hormone Levels must be checked in the following cases:

  • Infertility;
  • Amenorrhea (absence of menstruation);
  • Breaking the loop;
  • Polycystic ovaries;
  • Testicular feminization;
  • Hirsutism;
  • Testosterone-producing ovarian tumors;
  • Gynaecomastia;
  • Impotence;
  • Testicular insufficiency and monitoring of treatment;
  • Disruption of the adrenal glands;
  • Slow sexual development;
  • Ovarian disorders (girls);
  • Testicular disorders (boys).

Low levels in men may be physical exhaustion, stress and prolonged alcoholism. Its increased concentration observed in the oral contraceptives, estrogen, clomifene, barbiturates.

The level of the hormone decreases in the following situations:

  • Obesity;
  • Chronic prostatitis;
  • Hypogonadism;
  • Adrenal insufficiency;
  • Receive glucocorticoids;
  • Violations of the synthesis of gonadotropins, including an excess of prolactin;
  • The starvation diet, vegetarianism;
  • Some medications.

Concentration of the hormone increases with:

  • Intensive physical load;
  • Taking certain drugs;
  • Ovarian tumors;
  • XYY chromosome set;
  • Tumors of the testes that produce testosterone;
  • Androgenital syndrome;
  • Low sex-binding globulin;
  • Itsenko-Cushing's.

Its level increases during pregnancy. Women who bears a child, a normal testosterone level is 3 times higher than before conception. The maximum concentration is reached in trimester 3.

Men Have hormone levels higher in the morning and by evening it is reduced by 25%. The increase in testosterone concentrations observed in the fall. In women, the level of the hormone increases during ovulation and during the luteal phase. After menopause is a gradual decrease.

Women analysis of a hormone testosterone you need to take about 7 day cycle, if the doctor recommends otherwise. During the day, it is necessary to exclude stress, alcohol, sex, sports, Smoking. To donate blood on an empty stomach in the morning. If medication you need to inform your doctor.

So, testosterone, the rate of which depends on gender, phase of the cycle and the presence of pregnancy, plays a role primarily in reproductive and sexual function. However, it affects the state of the whole organism.


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Alin Trodden - author of the article, editor
"Hi, I'm Alin Trodden. I write texts, read books, and look for impressions. And I'm not bad at telling you about it. I am always happy to participate in interesting projects."

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