Exercises for the development of speech of preschool children, schoolchildren and adults

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2021-02-20 18:56:33

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Active neuropsychiatric development in a child occurs in the third year of life. Very significantly growing formation of speech. Almost all parts of speech are used, the child ceases to use the simplified forms of words that he used earlier ("bo-bo", "woof-woof", "coop-coop"). He is already thinking about the correct pronunciation of words.

Game development

All exercises for the development of speech with children are carried out in a playful way. Only with this lesson, the main part of the information is remembered. The exercises will also be useful for people of any age group who want to improve their speech.

The level of thinking reflects the child's speech. It is the way children represent the purpose of the objects surrounding their homes that is an indicator of the level of thinking in speech.

New items should arouse your child's interest. Curiosity pushes the kid to determine the functionality of the thing. In this regard, parents should satisfy his questions: "What is this for?", "Why?", "How?", "Why?".

Cognitive development is very necessary for a child of three years of age. The appearance of complex sentences using different parts of speech indicates activity in mental activity. All exercises for the development of the child's speech are carried out in the form of games.

Passive vocabulary as a basis

Verbal instructions to search for an object by a certain attribute teach the child to recognize and remember objects. For example: "Where is the blue cube? Bring it."

The child learns to determine the location of objects in space. To do this, put the exact requests: "Take the ball out of the box." Gradually, the tasks become more complicated. In everyday life, this can be one request of three points: "Take the ball, find your dad. Give it to Dad."

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Such complex exercises for the development of the child's speech should be clear to the baby. A variety of games, images of animals, pictures will help to expand the child's vocabulary.

From game to reality

Educational signs.

By changing the themes, teach your child to get used to real objects during the game.

In the prepared boxes, houses "live" different animals – domestic and wild. The child's task is to choose a picture with the specified animal.

Help me find the house. A slightly opposite challenge to the previous game. Now, on the contrary, taking the toy in hand, the child must pick up the house from the pictures that are placed near the boxes.

What do we see?

Pictures are spread out in front of the child. Taking one, the child should tell about what he sees. If the child finds it difficult, the adult helps him, encouraging him to finish the spoken phrase to the end.

Find a pair

Excellent educational exercises for the development of speech of preschoolers are laid down in the game with paired pictures. On the table, the images are laid out in several rows. To begin with, this is three or four rows of 4-5 images.

All the objects depicted must be familiar to him. With a simple question, we set the task: "Where else is such a picture?" or "I found a ball, and there is still a ball?"

Development of active speech

At an early stage of speech development, it is important to pay attention to the expansion of the active vocabulary, as well as to form the grammatical structure of speech.

Elementary skills-recognition of objects, phenomena, actions - will develop more actively in the child during regular classes. Constant training, didactic exercises for the development of speech saturate the child's vocabulary. He's trying to construct sentences, to give detailed answers.

The passivity of adults also gives its results – the poor vocabulary of the baby.

To consolidate new phrases, individual words, it is important for children to "meet" them in a pair with familiar definitions. For example, "a bear in a green hat, sitting on a shelf, reading a book", "a gray bunny, lives in the forest, eats carrots".

When describing a new toy, pay attention to bright details, say them: "a cockerel – a red comb, golden feathers, a sharp beak, sharp eyes." Show how the cockerel screams - "ku-ka-re-ku". Use all parts of the body to perceive the subject. You can add stories from fairy tales, as well as re – read your favorite books ("The Cockerel-the Golden Scallop").

Ask the child to tell you what he sees, where else this character met, who he was there with. It is important to ask specific questions, at first monosyllabic.

Unleash your emotions

Some basic conditions are simply necessary for speech activity to progress in development. The need to speak out is one of the main rules for the strengthening and emergence of speech. This applies even to the youngest children. For them, this is an opportunity to show the feelings and emotions that they experience.

Some situations are created artificially in order for the child to manifest himself. The speech statement must be meaningful. The student should describe his perception in detail. The logical presentation of phrases depends on the child's literacy.

Speech development of preschool children

The individual development of speech in all children proceeds in its own way. It all depends on the features of speech.

Problematic pronunciation of several sounds at the same time is quite common. The sounds "z", "s", "w" are the most difficult to deal with. A speech therapist should be consulted when the problem has not been resolved in the fifth year of life. Up to 4 years of age, partial "lameness" of sounds is considered the norm.

A child should master speech at preschool age. This is the longest and most difficult process in the development of speech. By school age (about the 7th year of life), language is a tool for communication. The specialist selects complex exercises for the development of speech of preschoolers. The child should perceive them as conscious lessons. Preparing for school involves learning to write and read.

After the preparatory period, the program for older children includes exercises for the development of speech of schoolchildren. Sound speech is set when preschoolers are aware of the distinctive features in pronunciation.

Proven method-tongue twisters

Simple tongue twisters will help you cope with the problem in a few exercises.

The position of the body should be conducive to the perception of information and the programming of pronunciation. In the sitting position, keep your back straight and your hands on your knees. Breathing is calm, voluntary.

To eliminate the barrier in the pronunciation of the sounds "b"," r", will help phrases: "white-nosed sheep all perebodal", "drummer kicked the ram", "in the woods run beavers, they are kind", "beavers at the beaver are kind".

To perfect the sounds of "b", "r" will help training with the text: "the crow brought the crow to the gate", "Varya believes in kindness", "goalkeeper Vova, like a crow".

On the sounds of "g", "r", the phrases work - "on the road there are feet", "all the mushrooms are gnawed by rodents", "Gorynych has a hump, he fell on his head from the mountain". With the sound of "w" they say: "the dzhigit has two visits", "the toad followed the airship with greedy eyes", "the giraffe looked at the scarf pityingly".

Over the problematic "w" and "w" pronounce - "the legs ran along the crooked path".

The sounds "z"," r", are corrected with the pronunciation - "bunny, bunny sharp-toothed, there are your tracks everywhere", "where the storm threatened to be, there is no water for us to carry".

< p>Phrases that work out the sounds of "z", "s" - "there was a slanting goat with a gray goat", "an incident came out of the decree".

Children's intuition

Children easily recognize the pattern of the structure of words and phrases. At the age of 3-5 years, speech is perceived as a "perceived" reality. The meaning of words spoken by adults is sometimes applied by children in their own way, but they always feel the connection between the subject and the meaning of the spoken phrases.

Everyone can recall the childlike spontaneity - slightly distorted definitions addressed to an object or thing. But this ability among specialists is called quite a serious skill-word-making.

A small collection of wonderful children's thoughts is collected from K. I. Chukovsky in his book. Children's word-making is collected from various examples, for example: "A bald man's head is barefoot", "Mint cakes make a draft in his mouth".

School essays - a lesson for the development of imagination

Exercises for the development of coherent speech – the main part in the education of primary school students.

Works that are included in the teaching methodology – didactic exercises on speech development, short stories, school essays. Communication with peers also contributes to the formation of a child's correct speech.

Competent exercises will help the student to develop the concept of the correct expression of thoughts. Primary school age is the very period when the presented information is firmly accumulated.

Children are brought to the concept that there can be several means of communication – gestures, facial expressions, language. Exercises for the development of coherent speech include practical exercises with subjects, reading, and independent stories about the material read.

"Child" pronunciation in adults. Work of specialists

If a child's incorrect pronunciation is attributed to age, then in an adult it develops into a psychological complex. Therefore, to pronounce the sound correctly, without burr, lisp – the rule of good tone and work on yourself.

Very often, serious problems torment adults. Educational institutions are long behind us, and children's games will no longer help. Specialists in this field – speech therapists-take up the task.

Task - speech development in adults. The exercises are aimed at eliminating not only the wrong pronunciation of sounds, but also the excessively fast pace of speech, the delay in pronunciation.

Speech therapists will select exercises for the development of speech, correct lisp, burr, nasal twang, stuttering. And some need to correct the inability to pronounce words in the exact order.

Excitement under control

Some people feel their problem when they engage in communication with an unfamiliar interlocutor. Speech changes beyond recognition, others do not understand it.

Restoring the breath will help to correct the situation. Therefore, always for this type of patient, the main rule is to calm down. Experienced specialists will help you find the motivation to do everything right.

Diaphragm exercises for speech development and daily training are very positive:

- Take a deep breath, inflating your stomach. Exhale and draw in your stomach. Before the meeting, be sure to read the entire text. During the conversation, you need to control your speech, keep calm and try to keep the pace.

If you feel that you are starting to accelerate, take a deep breath.

the Formation of articulation will help the special myogymnastics three times a day.

Water is collected in the mouth, which must be held for at least 15 seconds.

Nasal twang can occur when the nasal part is not involved in voice formation. In addition to an ugly defect, the issue of treating the disease is solved, in which difficult nasal breathing is eliminated.

Polyps, curvatures in the nasal septa can cause the disease. The consequences are expressed in the distortion of the voice, the wrong pronunciation of the sounds "m" "n". Practical training with a specialist saves patients from nasal twang.

Improve your image

The general impression of a person is created by facial expressions during a conversation. Proper management of your emotions will help you keep the conversation going. This is especially important when speaking in public. Speech therapy centers practice group classes that promote better assimilation of the material.

Doctors recommend the use of exercises for the development of speech for the right of speech breathing. Inhale through the nose. Exhale through the mouth.

Proper speech breathing is an additional prevention of colds. Articulation of sounds is ensured by correct diction.

Indistinct sounds are obtained when the mouth "does not work at full strength". Namely, it opens poorly. In this case, speech therapy exercises for the development of speech are working with the mobility of the lower muscle in the jaw.

The immobility of the lips affects the vowels and consonants. The correct development of speech is influenced by the work of the language.

It is especially difficult to pronounce words where there are many consonants. Regular training, including language exercises for speech development, will ensure good pronunciation. The main rule is that all words are pronounced on one exhalation.

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