# Didactic games in the middle group. Didactic games in the middle group in mathematics

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2021-03-03 02:10:52

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Mathematics, as you know, is the queen of sciences. She will accompany the baby everywhere and everywhere. Therefore, didactic games in the middle group in mathematics are extremely important. They will help the child develop the first basic skills in this area. To begin with, you need to remember that all knowledge begins with some elementary tasks. Therefore, didactic games in the middle group of kindergarten in mathematics will be based on the study of shapes, shapes, their properties and understanding how to make a particular shape.

## "One, two, three - find it!»

All the material will be presented in a playful way, which will certainly help educators and children. The first is to entertain the kids, the second is to learn the material and remember it well. Remember that to conduct didactic games in mathematics, you need to prepare a handout.

The game should teach children to form an image of the given figures and show how to use them in the process. Prepare one-color pyramids with a large number of rings (preferably more than eight). There should be several such pyramids (3-4 of each color).

Now about the course of the game. Sit all the children on the chairs in a semicircle next to you. Next, spread out the pyramids on the tables, mixing the rings. Put two pyramids on the table in front of the children and disassemble them. Then give each child a ring of the same size and ask them to find a pair for it. Tell the children: "Look carefully at your rings. Try to remember their size and color, so as not to make a mistake." In case of difficulty with the answer, ask the child to go to the finished pyramid and compare all the rings. You need to start searching only when all the children say: "One, two, three - find it!" When the child has chosen a ring, he must attach it to what is left on his high chair. If he made a mistake, it is allowed to correct himself-go back and choose a new ring.

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## "Find me"

During the game, the child should develop the ability to quickly find a certain figure and name it, while distinguishing between color and size. Prepare about 20 geometric shapes of different sizes and colors. It is desirable that each child has such a set separately. Next, tell the kids what figure they should show you. For example, a small blue circle, a large green triangle, and so on. The game is quite short, but will cause a storm of positive emotions in children. In addition, it will help them develop.

## "Magic Square"

The game develops children's sense of color, the ratio of the whole and the part. In addition, it forms logical thinking and the ability to break down complex problems into simple components. Prepare each child a set consisting of 36 colored squares measuring 8 x 8 centimeters. At the same time, make sure that all the shades are noticeably different from each other. After that, cut the squares. Write a number on each part (at the back). After that, give the kids tasks:

A) Arrange the pieces by color.

B) By the numbers.

C) Add a single square from the pieces.

D) Come up with new types of squares.

It is very important to use all possible shades of different colors.

## "What's missing?"

The game is aimed at developing logical thinking in children of the middle group of kindergarten. It will help children who are already more or less able to count and distinguish numbers by writing, to consolidate the knowledge gained. To do this, prepare cards with different numbers. For example, from 1 to 10. Multiple sets. Remove a few numbers from the main one, which you put on the table, and mix the remaining sets. Ask the children about what is missing in the row. After that, ask the kids to find the numbers that are not there, and put them in the appropriate places.

Such didactic games in the middle group in mathematics will greatly facilitate the life of children in the future. In addition, it is these game processes that will serve as a good start to learning science. That's why didactic games are so important. FEMP (the middle group is the time for this) should occur along with the development of other skills in children.

## Improving speech

Children's didactic games in the middle group for the development of speech are no less important than mathematical ones. It is at this age that the child begins to speak well and clearly, which means that it is necessary to pay due attention to the assimilation of the native language. A fairly extensive use is made of didactic games in the middle group in the images. They help kids learn the basics of speech. Such visual aids will remain in the child's head for a long time.

## "Friends from the garden"

The game helps to develop speech and gain knowledge, ideas about the world around you. The systematization of children's knowledge about vegetables and fruits is being formed. In addition, children learn to express themselves correctly and be responsive, to help when needed.

For this game, prepare any doll that will represent the hero, models of different fruits and vegetables, a basket, a picture of the garden. Also find 2 pots, scales, cash register, buyer's bag. It is advisable to dress up two volunteers as cooks.

Show the kids a picture of the garden and discuss it. Focus on vegetables and fruits. Next, show the children the doll and say: "Let's help the doll to arrange fruits and vegetables in pots for soup and jam!" The children will have to approach the table, which will contain fruits and vegetables, put them in baskets and take them to the pots. At the same time, two volunteer cooks will help the children. After the kids finish their work, ask them to use the help pictures to tell them about the fruit/vegetable that they put in a particular pot.

## "Toy store"

This game helps to familiarize children with the world around them. In addition, it serves as a continuation of the formation of knowledge about the colors and sizes of objects, helps children to distinguish and name toys. To do this, you will need to prepare pictures with images of toys: cars with vans of different colors, pyramids of different sizes, but the same color, dolls in different dresses, balls, and so on.

Make an entire toy store out of the images. After that, invite the guys to go to it. Next, tell your child to choose one picture with an image and describe it: "What did you buy? What kind of typewriter do you have? Is the van big or small?" If the child finds it difficult to answer, help him. This game can be played well at home.

## "Who lives in the house?"

Didactic games in the middle group for the development of speech also contribute to the development of concepts about the world around them, help kids understand the differences between wild and domestic animals, and also contribute to the development of concepts about where a particular animal lives. They form a careful attitude to the animal world.

Prepare picture cards with images of animals (domestic and wild) and their habitats. After that, spread out all the images on the table and invite the children to find each animal its own house to save it from the cold. If the kid made a mistake, help him-name the place where this animal lives, and the child will have to find it.

## Ecology-the basis of life

Previously, the environment in children's development of paid quite a bit of time. But now people have realized that environmental development plays an important role. It helps to form an impression of the surrounding world in the child's mind. What didactic games in the middle group on ecology can be used? We'll tell you now.

## "Ecological trail"

This type of ecological game will help the children of the middle group of kindergarten to learn about plants. In the process, the concepts of medicinal herbs, trees, flowers, and fruits will be formed. In addition, the game will help children see the beauty of nature and teach them the rules of behavior in the forest. "Ecological Trail" also teaches children to convey impressions in drawings about the world around them, using elements of applications. It also helps to develop imagination, fine motor skills of the hands, imaginative thinking, love for nature and everything around you.

In order to conduct this didactic game, prepare illustrations of medicinal plants, fruits, flowers, game zones "Forest", "Glade", sound recordings with the voices of birds, the noise of foliage, wax pencils, glue, brushes, paints, paper and blanks-applications of various animals made of colored paper.

Put the children in a circle. Turn on the recording with the voices of birds. Discuss with your kids after listening where you can hear such voices. After that, ask the guys if they know about what the birds eat. Don't be afraid to tell the guys. Explain that in order for the birds to sing in the garden, you need to protect all the flowers there. Ask about whether the kids know how to protect the flowers. If not, tell us. If someone starts trying to explain the rules to you, help the child. Without a doubt, this activity will be carried away by the entire middle group. Musical didactic games are very interesting for children.

Call the kids to the play area "Polyanka". Ask them what flowers they see there. Explain that plants can heal people. Ask about what a medicinal plant is. If the children can't answer, try to help them. At the end of this part of the game, tell the children about how to properly take care of the trees.

Then take the children to the territory of the "Forest". Turn on the sound recording with the foliage noise. Ask your kids about what trees they see and how to distinguish them. Next, ask the children about whether they know which tree the fruit grows on all winter. If the answer is no, help, tell us that it is a mountain ash. Ask which tree is decorated once a year. Make a riddle: "A Russian beauty is standing in a clearing, in a green blouse and a white sundress" (the answer is "birch").

Show the children pieces of paper, paints, crayons, pencils, and animal figures. Invite your kids to create pictures of where they have been today and what they have seen, using the knowledge they have gained about the world around them.

## Class options

Didactic games in the middle group on ecology are entertaining and informative. You can also successfully use "seasonal" entertainment. These include, for example, didactic games in the middle group on the theme "Autumn". It is at this time of year that children become even more interested in the street, where everything around them has changed.

Remember that didactic games in the middle group are an important stage in the development of children, during which the kids are preparing for a new stage in life – junior school. Now let's talk about what kind of autumn game you can spend with children.

## "Autumn mat"

This didactic game helps children to learn about the world around them in the autumn, to form all the necessary knowledge for the development of imagination and logical thinking, to make vivid impressions of what the world around them looks like in the autumn. You will need paper, glue, pencils, brushes, paints and good weather. Invite the children to go outside to explore the world around them in the fall. Focus on the trees and their leaves. Invite the kids to collect the fallen colored leaves, then to make a beautiful picture of them.

After returning to the group, put paper, paints, brushes, crayons, glue – everything you need for creativity in front of the children. After that, ask them to make a composition of the autumn yard or nature with the help of collected leaves. Help the kids if they don't succeed.

## In conclusion

Didactic games in the middle group are interesting, informative and useful. They will definitely help children in the future. After all, it is in childhood that the concept of "game" is associated with cognition.

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