As indicated by the hemoglobin in the blood: performance, decryption and norm


2018-03-27 16:05:19




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Hemoglobin is one of the most important indicators in blood tests. It allows to detect many diseases in the body. As indicated by the hemoglobin in the analysis, everyone should know that will allow you to monitor the status of your health. Why is it so important this element of the blood, what role it plays in the life of each of us?

as indicated by the hemoglobin in the analyses

What is the hemoglobin

Hemoglobin has two important components-protein (globin) and nonprotein, which includes iron. In the human body all of the hemoglobin is in red blood cells that in these areas it is not observed. Globin, forming complex compounds around the iron as a whole, is responsible for the entire respiratory system. It carries oxygen from the lungs to the tissues and back transportorul carbon dioxide. Hemoglobin is regulated by acid-base balance in the blood cells. To ensure the normal oxidative processes hemoglobin during respiration oxygen is captured, after adaptation it is carried to all tissues. Further, the hemoglobin is going all carbon dioxide from the cells and sent to the lungs for elimination from the body. As indicated by the hemoglobin in blood work? Latin Hb or HGB – know almost everything, because of this element depends largely on our life. The transportation processes of continuous oxygen in the plasma of only 2%, the rest of the hemoglobin transports blood.

Hemoglobin. As indicated in the analyses. The norm

 what letters is indicated by the hemoglobin in the analyses

When compared with adults, the hemoglobin level in children is significantly underestimated. No need to worry if under the age of five years, this figure will be 110 units, it is considered normal. Then every four years growing up needs to increase this ratio by 5 units. Knowing how the tests indicated a hemoglobin of child (Hb), after analyzing the results of girls and boys, it is possible to make certain conclusions. To 12 years, the value of hemoglobin do not differ by gender. After puberty is between a man and a woman there is a difference in the readings of the hemoglobin by about 10%. After getting the result you already have an idea how is the hemoglobin in the blood. Standard tests shall be as follows: for men – 130-160 g/l, women's indicators – 120-150 g/L. Follow the numbers with age, they in no case should not fall. If you find that the indicators there is a deviation from the norm, it is necessary to consult a doctor and take steps to correct the level of hemoglobin in the blood.


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Iron (Fe)

We understood what the letters indicated by the hemoglobin in the analysis – Latin Hb. Let us now examine in what place in the body is iron. The exchange processes involving Fe occur in the body continuously. Normally, this element must be contained in an amount of 3.4 g. In this case the body always Deposit 20% on the high needs that arise in particular cases. Blood plasma is transferred daily from 30 to 36 mg of iron. A large part is delivered to the red bone marrow. It was here Mature red blood cells, which include the element iron. In women the daily requirement of Fe is 18 mg, while men only – 10. Pregnant women, nursing daily have to absorb up to 30 mg. the Rate of hemoglobin of blood will help to determine whether your body with additional sources of iron.

 as in the analyses is indicated by the hemoglobin of the child

Hemoglobin count is low

The Lowered hemoglobin level in the analyses clearly indicate the deficiency of iron. Decreases the level of Fe and, consequently, the lowering of the indicators of hemoglobin. What reasons can contribute to this?

  • Insufficient food getting through trace element.
  • Proper absorption of iron in the body is disrupted.
  • Large blood loss of the body.

Very often the lack of iron feel individuals who prefer vegetarian food. Because vegetable food is not rich in iron. Provision may be burdened in cases when the body experiences a shortage of vitamin B12, which is contained mostly in animal products. In vegetation dominated by non-heme iron. And it is absorbed in the 6-10% when compared with removem, which is contained in animal products. The latter is absorbed by 25%. Nutritional iron deficiency is commonly observed in patients with anorexia nervosa. You can easily determine if you suffer anaemia if you know how is the hemoglobin in the blood. If it is too low, take measures to raise Fe in the body.

hemoglobin as indicated by the tests of Norma

The Signs of low hemoglobin

The health reduction of hemoglobin affected significantly. Feel fatigue, weakness. When sedentary lifestyle is not just seen, but those who are engaged in physical labor, once you feel it for yourself. Signs of anemia:

  • Dry mucous membranes, pale skin.
  • The Surface of the tongue with a lack of B12 painful, erythematous, smooth.
  • Brittle hair and nails.
  • In the corners of the mouth cracks.

Easy to remember, as indicated by the hemoglobin in the analysis – Hb. Follow himstandards in the body. Track indicator, as well as their family and friends, avoid the occurrence of various forms of anemia, including heavy. Such forms as have been neurological in nature. May appear:

  • Change of smell.
  • A Perversion of appetite.
  • Headaches.
  • Inflammation of the optic nerve.
  • Paresthesias.

In children it is a violation of conduct, development of intelligence. In the elderly – reduction of adaptive mechanisms, insufficient blood supply to the tissues, as a consequence, dizziness and fainting.

Increasing hemoglobin

as indicated by the level of hemoglobin in the blood

Now that we have learned, as indicated by the level of hemoglobin in the blood, be sure to analyze your results. Found signs of anemia? Take action to increase hemoglobin. The body is very important. The doctor must figure out why your body is reduced rate. When such reasons as a significant blood loss or the death of a large number of red blood cells, it is necessary to eliminate these symptoms. Prescribers that contain iron. If the numbers are not as frightening, then you can do proper diet. To include in your diet foods that help to increase hemoglobin, due to iron content as well as vitamins b, C, PP. Do not forget that iron, as we said above, is divided into heme (absorption 25%) and non-heme – 6%. Keep in mind that during heat treatment the iron is oxidized. Consuming coffee and tea, be aware that they slow down the absorption of Fe, it is better to exclude them from your diet. Better drink cocoa, juices. What products are suitable for diets:

  • Citrus.
  • By-products.
  • Red meat.
  • Liver.
  • Potatoes.
  • Cheese.
  • Lettuce.
  • Brown bread.
  • Egg yolks.

Increased hemoglobin

as indicated by the hemoglobin in the blood of Norma

Low hemoglobin we understand. And talking about performance, overestimating the norm? This is also a cause for concern and cause for the treatment to the doctor for an explanation and passing the examination. The increase in hemoglobin may indicate dysfunction of the body:

  • Hemoglobinemia. The situation when red blood cells are destroyed in the blood plasma.
  • Bowel Obstruction.
  • Polycythemia.
  • An Excess of vitamin B9, or vitamin B12.
  • Cancer.
  • Pulmonary embolism.
  • Increase in blood glucose level.

The Elevated haemoglobin is bad for health. Is the thickening of blood, a high viscosity does not give the right to circulate the blood flow, hence – oxygen starvation. As a consequence, the formation of blood clots, cardiovascular disease, heart attacks and strokes. In this case it is better to eliminate from your diet foods that have high iron content. Do not abuse fried, fatty foods, eliminate the vitamins b and C. the Doctor supposed to prescribe drugs that thin the blood.

When an elevated hemoglobin is normal

So, you review the results, knowing, as indicated by the hemoglobin in the blood. The transcript indicates that the hemoglobin increased. This often occurs in men. It always must be a cause for concern? In some cases, this may be the norm:

  • Climbers high numbers (up to 170 g/l) are associated with their professional activities.
  • The Inhabitants of the mountains are always the higher, as their blood is usually oversaturated with oxygen.
  • In athletes during intense workouts also increases the level of hemoglobin, because the blood required more oxygen to deliver it in the right amount of muscle.
  • Long walks in the woods blood can perenosyatsya oxygen, respectively, and increase hemoglobin.

as indicated by the hemoglobin in the blood transcript

MSN – the amount of hemoglobin in the erythrocyte

Sometimes in the form of analyses it is possible to meet the figure of the sit, it indicates the amount of hemoglobin, but red blood cells. Unit of measure MFO is specified in the picogram. For adults the normal range 27-33 PG, for children up to 16 years, the norm is 28-32 PG. As indicated by this figure? The ability of hemoglobin to saturate the red blood cells. This indicator allows the doctor to put a more accurate diagnosis. Increase the performance of the sit indicates the presence of anemia, autoimmune processes, cirrhosis of the liver. Low value – a sign of chronic pathologies.

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