The internal environment of the organization

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2018-04-18 15:00:28

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Every Manager needs to understand what constitutes the internal environment of the organization. Management involves the consideration of five major components: objectives, structure, tasks, technology, people.

The Organization – a holistic education, which serves as a means to achieve certain goals. Purpose – the result of which is a group of people in the organization trying to achieve through joint efforts.

The Management of the internal environment of the organization refers to the management goals that should be represented as a tree graph. At the highest level is the strategic goal, which, for example, you must implement the enterprise for 5 years, below are those objectives, the achievement of which will contribute to the realization of the main. The number of levels depends on the granularity and size of the organization.

Of Course, the goals of the departments differ, but the basic rule of the tree of objectives is that no sub-goal can not contradict the one standing over her.

The Following element that is included in the management of the internal environment of the organization - structure. It assumes the presence of interacting levels of control that most effectively achieve their goals.

Obviously, in any medium or large company has a specialized division of labor, i.e., there are a variety of experts: marketing, Finance, logistics, etc.

The Problem – the next element, which reflects the internal environment of the organization. Management traditionally considers the problem in three aspects: associated with people, objects and information.

Technology – as one of the main variables, which represents more than machines and equipment. For example, Charles perrow said that the technology – it is the means by which inputs are converted into the desired result, which we combined efforts are trying to achieve.

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There are two most well-known classification of technologies: by Woodward and Thompson.

D. Woodward

- single, small-scale or individual (made a single product or small series);

mass (products are manufactured in large quantities, they are almost or completely identical to each other);

- continuous (due to the equipment and machines goods are produced around the clock).

D. Thompson

- multilink technology (to achieve the goal of running a series of specific tasks);

the intermediary (people join the group and become interdependent);

intensive (to complete the task, you must have special skills and abilities), for example, to assign the patient to the hospital for proper treatment, it is necessary to have a proper education.

Last but not least, a variable which represented the internal environment of the organization-staff, or people. Every employee in every team manifests itself in different ways, identified a number of factors, such as the ability to perform certain tasks, needs, life values and so on.

Of Course, the Manager should have an idea of what kind of group was formed as a collective, need to know key leaders. Competent Manager chooses the style of behavior that is suited to particular situations and to specific people and causes that employees can most effectively doing their job.

Thus, the internal environment of the organization consists of five variables that directly affect each other. So, all the tasks are derived directly from the set of enterprise goals, and staff implements these tasks through technology.

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