Why do I get acne? What is acne? The reason for the appearance, treatment with medicines and folk remedies


2018-04-02 06:05:25




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Leather in adolescence in humans – the most vivid example of how appear and develop pimples. What is a skin disease that occurs due to malfunction of the glands that produce oily lubrication? Depending on the reason causing such a violation, they can have different sources and mechanisms of development. what is AcneHow can you get rid of small cosmetic defect on their own, and when you need the assistance of a qualified doctor?

What is a acne and non-inflammatory comedones

The structure of the skin the root of each hair is a kind of “bag” - the follicle or the hair follicle. Around it are the sebaceous glands that produce lubrication for the rod and the surrounding skin. The fat with which the body protects the dermis from dryness and attacks of the adverse environmental factors, can cause the appearance of various skin defects and diseases. face Mask for acne and blackheadsIf one of the reasons the mouth of the follicles or ducts are clogged with dust, dirt or cosmetics, then formed a tight tube-the comedo. In the case where grease accumulates on top secret, the formation of open comedone, which resembles a white stopper in the pore. Further it is oxidized, acquiring a black color, and there are points on the face or body with distinctive black heads. There are also internal (or hypodermic) non-inflammatory acne. What they are and how they are formed? This process is identical outside, but it happens in the deepest layer of the skin: ducts dilate, and because of the excessive accumulation of skin secret appears closed comedones in the form of internal Wen. While the comedone is no infection, it develops inflammation.

Classification of inflammatory acne (pimples)

Open and closed comedones that do not have inflammatory reactions, this is the initial signs of acne. Proper care of face and body at home, regular visits to the beautician can help to get rid of such skin problems to restore health and beauty of natural cover. If you continue to ignore emerging comedones on the forehead, chin, back, other parts of the body, clogged pores, as in containers, there are active bacterial growth, causing the follicle will become inflamed along with the surrounding tissues and there festering.


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Hormonal acne

Under the pressure of this mass wall of the hair follicle can burst, and thus there is a pimple. Inflammatory acne in adults and adolescents divided into papules, which is a pink or red nodules, raised above the epidermis, in which there is no white content; pustules – pimples with pus (in diameter from one to ten millimeters), having a white head, they are surrounded by inflamed dermis. Change the color of the pustules means joining a secondary infection. Data spherical, conical or flat formation to treat or pressure alone is impossible, as there is a high probability of infection of blood. Why not push the pimples on her faceThese pimples need to show the dermatologist, to pass the examination and to implement its recommendations. Deep painful pimples represent induratum infiltrates with a bluish tint above the surface of the skin. Such acne – a result of advanced stage of acne, which can turn into conglobata shape when a few of these blue flat spots unite into painful focus.

Causes of acne

Factors contributing to the formation of acne or causing their appearance there are many. To identify the root cause of this process helps the medical examination. In the first place on prevalence there is a surge in the production of hormones and release them into the bloodstream. Most often it occurs in adolescents during adjustment of the organism, when there is intense sexual maturation, causing pimples on the face cause serious experiences. After overcoming a 25-year acne any person becomes the reason for going to the dermatologist and clarify its etiology: imbalance in hormonal sphere associated with pregnancy, endocrine diseases, oral contraceptives or steroids; disorders of the functioning of the gastrointestinal tract; malnutrition (due to abuse fast food, sweets, fatty foods); decreased immune protection; disruptions in metabolism; genetic predisposition; gynecological problems; illiterate or uncontrolled facial and body; overuse Solarium or aggressive peels; disruptions in the body's thermoregulation (hypothermia or overheating); demodekoza - subcutaneous mite; the harmful habits. Disorders of sebaceous glands also occur in conditions of stress, when trigger their adrenal glands; excessive hygiene of the skin, frequent use of antibiotics that destroy the protective lipid film and the access of infection to the pores; hyperkeratosis – the accumulation of dead epidermis cells on the skin surface; when its damage causingthe subsequent inflammation; if you use drugs that contain barbiturates, Halogens or lithium, as well as when working with toxic drugs.

Localization of pimples

Problem areas with single or multiple pimples rashes can form on the forehead and on the nose, the lips and on the back.

Why us

The Most vulnerable area to the appearance of acne is the T zone of the face, where a large number of sebaceous and sweat glands. However, the cause of back acne is no different from causes of rashes on face and other parts of the body. Professional athletes, bodybuilders or athletes who are actively involved in training, often sweating back, which contributes to the accumulation in the pores of sebaceous secretion and contamination of ducts. This leads to inflammation and acne. The problem areas with acne on the forehead indicate gastrointestinal dysfunction associated with malnutrition, intoxication, constipation and other disorders of the digestive process.

When the nose acne, what is happening in the body? It may be catarrhal, internal education, problems with the endocrine and digestive system, pancreas, weakened immune protection. If the tip of the nose the patient has papules, doctors examine the condition of his cardiovascular system. The appearance of pimples in the nose indicates a malfunction with the circulation of the blood (anaemia) or hepatic dysfunction. Papules on lips that are not associated with herpes could indicate an inflammatory process in the mucosa and hormonal acne under the lower lip to be the result of contraceptive drugs. A survey of women with acne around the lips can detect gynecologic failures.

Stage of acne

The dermatologists to distinguish between the degree of skin lesions acne on the nature of the formations and their number: the first – a few comedones (open and closed) on the forehead, nose and chin - not more than 5-6 units on any part of the face. Mask with activated carbon and gelatin recipeSelf-treatment is allowed, if suppressed the disease development and there are no traces; the second – a moderate manifestation of the acne-differs from the previous presence of acne is gated and pustules of rosacea, but no more than 11 of papules and pustules. In this case it is possible home treatment small defects, but if they do not pass for 20-21 day, then a visit to the dermatologist is mandatory. Grade III acne is considered a severe form of skin disease, is characterized by a variety of acne (up to four dozen), some of which are subject to inflammation and suppuration. In the hearth of symptoms of post-acne (scars, spots and scars). They grow uncontrollably, capturing the adjacent areas of the skin, causing acne can bring distress. To squeeze such acne can not be treated without the help of a professional, too, because these factors threaten the appearance of ugly scars on the face or blood poisoning if mishandled. The fourth degree of acne – the presence of numerous foci with acne of different shades, sizes, dark spots and big scars. In places the lesions can occur conglomerates of several pimples, cysts, nodes with little friction begin to fester and bleed. Such complex acne (acne, acne) treatment should be obtained without delay, a visit to the dermatologist in this case should not be delayed, as can be “earn” dangerous consequences for the health and beauty of skin.


Teenagers are particularly sensitive about their appearance, therefore, occurs unsightly pimples spoil their mood and bring a lot of trouble. Already in 12-15 years, when puberty occurs, you need to take care of your skin. In the early stage of acne active sebaceous glands causes the skin looks unsightly. Grease spots, inflammation, acne and blackhead – a result of the raging hormones, the secretion of which to 25 years normal, and then hormonal acne will themselves. Acne in adultsBut to get beautiful skin without waiting for the promised deadline, it is necessary in the morning to wash without using soap, and in the evening, before bedtime, it can be used either to take a cleanser with moisturizing effect, if the skin of the combined type. Every 7-10 days (if not in the presence of inflammation or ulcers) it is necessary to carry out the procedure of exfoliating using a scrub (ground coffee powder (or sleeps sediment), sea salt, Hercules, soda). You can also use cosmetic scrubs from the store suitable for your skin type. To steam the pores is possible only in cases if the surface of the epidermis with no inflammation.


Why not to press the pimples on the face in adults and adolescents? When damaged skin can introduce infection, which will lead to the formation of unaesthetic scars. Internal pimples, which is located in the deep layers of the dermis, when squeezing to move the contents of eel inside, causing a complication with even more inflammation or seal on the skin with blockage of many of the sebaceous glands and also lead to blood poisoning. Immature painful pimple may result in mechanical effects to turn into a coldthe cyst – seal, causing the tumor tissues of the skin. How to get rid of acne in adolescenceConsidering the problem, why not to press the pimples on the face, experts warn that the close location of vessels, the pressure can contribute to the clogging of blood vessels, creating more purulent focus. In areas with thin and delicate dermis (around the eyes, lips, temples) especially are often formed scars. It is also impossible to touch the so-called triangle of death with closely spaced blood vessels – the area from nose to chin, including the nasolabial folds and the area around the mouth.

How to get rid of acne in adolescence: a comprehensive treatment

Acne in young people – not uncommon. To fight acne you need to start with a visit to the dermatologist. He will conduct a full examination will reveal the main reason why skin blemishes appear. Very often along with the appointment of drugs the doctor recommends a healthy diet that reduces the amount of harmful additives in foods (preservatives, dyes, emulsifiers, stabilizers, chemical substances), and also excludes the use of fast food, carbonated drinks, fatty, spicy, confectionary and other harmful products. To replace them you need dairy drinks and cheese, cereals, fruits and vegetables, honey (if not allergic), lean meat and fish, other dietary dishes. To restore skin hydration to young people in the day you should drink at least one and a half liters of clean water (without gas), a little green or herbal tea. All this will help to get rid of the scourge of teenage acne.

What these are, we have said, but not everyone knows that sometimes they arise due to earlier stress, and then the doctor recommends a dose of calming drugs, or dietary SUPPLEMENTS. In addition, a dermatologist may prescribe either home or professional skin care is in accordance with the aesthetic task. If the process is not running, the teenagers use enough care are non-comedogenic cosmetics without alcohol compounds, sunscreens, optimal nutrition and hydration. In addition to dietary supplements-brewer's yeast with zinc (or sulfur) - your doctor may prescribe an antiseptic for care of the outer skin layer, adsorbents, to improve the metabolic processes in the body and cleansing it of toxins from the inside, antibiotics, struggling with pathological organisms and hormone treatment, if needed. At the same time the doctor prescribes vitamin-mineral complexes, soothing capsules. Independent application of pharmaceutical drugs on the advice of friends and girlfriends, as a rule, does not lead to a complete cure from acne. Visit a beautician must also be agreed with the doctor when Teens need professional treatment for the dermis and the skin will be the foci of inflammation.

Medical acne treatments

Despite the availability of many drugs from acne and pimples, they should appoint a expert! Self-medication does not correct the cause of the disease and leads to the emergence of a growing number of foci further complicates the struggle against it. Worsens the condition of the skin. Because of drugs your doctor may prescribe ointment (retinoic - ‘Airola”, “retinol a” or salicylic), “Mash” - suspension with anibiotiki and zinc or sulfur, lotion “Others” with erythromycin, cream “Azelik-Gel” or “Moreover,” azelaic acid, “thermonuclear” (benzoyl peroxide), "Differin" (“Adapalene” or “Clinit”) and “Effete”, “Sa” (similar to “Dalacine”), “but They’ or ‘Regeln” with the active substance zinc hyaluronate. The treatment of acne doctor-dermatologist may recommend hardware treatments: deep cleansing facial with ultrasound or vacuum, chemical peels, laser resurfacing, cryo - or mesotherapy, various types of dermabrasion, ozone-oxygen treatment, ELOS-therapy and many other techniques of getting rid of the skin blemishes caused by acne.

Homemade face mask for acne and blackheads

If the skin no inflammation, and the problem of the hearth is not more than 25 % of the surface of the face, pimples and black spots can be neutralized with the help of self-made cosmetics from clay, egg whites, vegetables (cucumbers, pumpkins or carrots), baking soda, rolled oats or oatmeal, powder of algae (fucus, or kelp). Mask for acne and blackheads out of clay purifies and whitens the skin, tightens pores, normalizes sebum secretion, exfoliate dead skin cells, has anti-inflammatory action. Tea tree oil works as a powerful antiseptic, has an antibacterial effect on the skin. It can be applied both in pure form (if not allergic), and dribble in any mask. Protein-lemon structure perfectly cleans oily, problem skin, eliminates blackheads, tightens pores, fights acne, dries up acne pimples and inflammation, lightens excessively pigmented areas. To prepare means to squeeze lemon juice-1 teaspoon - and mix it with one egg white, whipping in the mixer at a slow speed. The prepared mixture is applied in several layers as the drying of the applied. After repeating the procedure 3-4 times leave to dry layers tolast. At the end of the session to wash off the remains with warm water and apply moisturizer. Soda weight with cucumber is prepared from the calculation: 1 chopped grated vegetable – 0.5 teaspoon of baking soda. Apply the mixture immediately after preparation.

Simple and effective mask with activated carbon and gelatin: recipe

Mask with charcoal is incredibly popular among women due to its ability to give the skin new life. Painful pimplesThe Stunning effect of the fresh faces you can get with a few recipes. To enhance the effectiveness of the procedure (if not on the skin inflammation and purulent pimples) it is necessary to steam the face. For the mixture you will need 1 tablet of activated charcoal, 1 teaspoon of powder gelatin and tablespoon of milk (you can substitute water or juice favorite fruit (vegetable). Crushed coal and connect it with gelatin, then pour cold milk or other liquid and 15 seconds to put it in the microwave. The warm mixture is applied with a brush or a cotton pad from the chin up several layers. Talking during the procedure impossible. After drying the resulting film to gently pick at the bottom of the chin and pull it up. On the tape inner side is possible to see deleted from the pores blackheads. Here is a mask with activated charcoal and gelatin. The recipe can be varied depending on the purpose and imagination, adding yogurt and whey, honey and berry juice, aroma oils and clay (blue or green), rose water and aloe Vera juice.

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