For the First time the Red Book was presented to the public in the middle of the last century. The initiative for its publication by British zoologist Peter Scott. On the pages of several volumes are described in detail in the world of animals and plants under threat of total loss.
After this event, one after another, there are special books the former Soviet republics. And in 1983 was first published Red data book of the Russian Federation. In the eighties of the twentieth century were compiled the so-called Red lists of the Volga region and the Urals. Then a decision was made on the preparation of individual publications for each of the Russian regions.
The Red book of Tatarstan is a document, issued under the laws of this Republic. It not only contains the data for each protected object of nature, but also lists the reasons for their disappearance and the measures that can contribute to their conservation. Its first edition was published in 1995, after ten years, the list contained in it is updated, and then reduced. The result of these changes, the Red book of Tatarstan includes 595 species of plants, fungi and animals, of which 214 are representatives of the animal world.
They divided into six categories, each of which characterizes the status of individual species of flora or fauna at this point in time. Thus, the category 0 indicates extinct species, of whose whereabouts there has been no information for fifty years before their inclusion in this list. Category 5 refers to those species that successfully regenerate in the short term no longer need to specially take measures for their protection.
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The Publication of this kind, including the Red book of Tatarstan, this is not the document of last resort, that they are different from other directories because require changes on an ongoing basis. It is on the basis of updated data on the status of the animal and vegetable world to judge the need for the introduction of protective measures in relation to any kind of and also to decide on the regulation of the number of individual fauna
Work on the compilation of such books should be of a continuous nature, and its ultimate goal is to ensure that the number of species listed in the publication, each year decreased repeatedly. For example, some animals of the red book of Tatarstan "came down" from its pages back in the forest, among them was a woodchuck, or, in other words - the European marmot, partridge, and brown bear.
It only says that the work of conservationists was effective and helped to survive to these wonderful creatures. Unfortunately, in the lists, disappeared from the territory of the Republic of species are such animals of Tatarstan, as the sable, the glutton, reindeer. As well as many others, which the people failed to save.
But, in addition to representatives of mammals, fish, birds and amphibians, there are other sections which includes the Red book of Tatarstan.
Plants: conventional and medicinal herbs, flowers and trees - is also expected to arrange help and support person. By the way, the list of herbs that have healing properties, released as a separate volume, and it included many famous names: blueberry ordinary, bog cranberry, bearberry (bear ear) and others.
As for the animals, in the Red book at present included the following types:
- insectivores (edentates tiny muskrat, the long-eared hedgehog);
- bats (two-tone bat, Northern bat, neoperl forest, neoperl dwarf, giant noctule);
- rodents (vole, red, great jerboa, steppe lemming, hamster gray hamster Eversmann);
- ravenous (otter, European mink, ermine, stone marten).
Among the birds in the book presents many podvidov:
Do Not forget the defenders of nature and the reptiles, which are the adder, steppe Viper, smooth snake, slow worm brittle and the marsh tortoise, and amphibians, lists them joined the grey toad, fire-bellied toad red-bellied newt and comb.
Unfortunately, a huge list compiled and invertebrate animals, among which are ciliated worms, mollusks, crustaceans, spiders, mayflies, dragonflies, Orthoptera, Hemiptera, Coleoptera, and lacewing, cheshuichatoe, Hymenoptera and Diptera insects.
The Deteriorating environmental situation in the Republic and in the world as a whole, resulted inThe red book also included many species of fungi.
Looking at these lists, which contains not only the Red book of Tatarstan, but also many volumes of these publications across the Land, I want to remind people that all citizens must endeavour to preserve wildlife in the region of their residence and to take an active part in the conservation of rare and endangered species. It is only an example of one such publication, we can see that the animals and plants of that country may remain in the memory of generations only in the illustrations to these “black” list.
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