A Fantastic combination of rocky ocean coastline, blossoming vineyards, centuries-old forests, clear lakes, rivers, mighty mountains and rumbling waterfalls… this Is the Western edge of Canada, a protected area of pristine, primordial world – province of British Columbia.
The Indigenous population within the County lived before the colonization of North America, more than 11 500 years ago.
The Study of these lands by Europeans began with the expedition of James cook in 1778, and in 1792 was continued by his follower George Vancouver, after whom was named the largest island of the County and the largest metropolis of the dominion. From this period in these territories, called Neocaledonica, was established as a British protectorate, did not have any formal organization. Administrative functions were performed by units of the Hudson's Bay Company, the monopoly trade in the region furs.
Eventually there was a division of land: the United States joined several States of the southern margin of the Columbia river basin, British same part of the territory under this name, has the district other than the Queen Victoria, in 1871 joined the Canadian Confederation. A real boom of the dominion experienced in the company “gold rush" of the construction of a transnational railway and the subsequent mass migration to these lands in the years of revolutions and wars, Asian and European population. Since then, the region is steadily growing and developing. By population it ranks third in the country.
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The province's Largest city and the second on the West coast-Vancouver. Is a conglomerate with 20 suburbs and in total has a population of 2.3 million people. Rapid growth began with the construction from the center of the country to Vancouver transnational railway and port development. Repeatedly, the metropolis has become “the Best city in the world”. Built on the estuary of the Fraser on the opposite shores of the Bay Barrard. So many bridges connect the city together. Mountain ranges surround it on all sides. In 2010, Vancouver held the Winter Olympics, so as the ski resorts of the city, you can rest assured. Unlike the colonial capital of British Columbia-Victoria, multi-ethnicity and multiculturalism of Vancouver, where, in addition to immigrants from England, large Chinese and Japanese Diaspora. In addition, it is a major center of scientific and research work. Here is the Simon Fraser University, which is considered the leading University of Canada and University of British Columbia – one of the thirty best in the world.
The Capital of the district – Victoria, located in the southern part of Vancouver island and is the second largest metropolis of the province. The town itself is small – 80,000, but includes 12 municipalities in the neighborhood, and the whole population of 345 thousand residents. It is believed the spirit of “the British" in Canada because most of its inhabitants – the British-pensioners. The traditions of great Britain are everywhere: in double-Decker buses, the typical London shops, pubs and cafes with the obligatory five o'clock tea.
In these two cities are home to about 60% of the district's population, more than a hundred thousand people in the cities Celona and Abbotsford.
It has about 57 000 students from Canada and from 149 countries. He has one of the best scientific, laboratory and research databases. In addition, the University has its own anthropological Museum, educational clinics, arts centre and concert hall. Special pride – we have a library which is considered the second in Canada. The University has more than 9000 teachers, there are even Nobel laureates. He is considered one of the fastest growing universities in the world, with excellent indicators of efficiency of scientific work.
Largest mountain range (the Rocky mountains) district of British Columbia is located in the centre of the whole region and extends along from North to South. Most of the territory of the mountains is occupied by national forest lands, and parks. Hiking, snowboarding, skiing, fishing and hunting, and of course mountaineering – thanks to all that lovers of fresh air and extreme sports Rocky mountains will be in Paradise.
The Highest peak (4671 m above sea level) in the province located in the North-Western part of the region – the mountains of St. Elias, and it's called, Farwater. This coastal top rises 20 km from the Pacific ocean and is visible from the sea a clear day. For which he was named by James cook in 1778 Fairweather Mountain-the Mountain of good weather.
Coast and the Pacific coast ranges separated from the mainland. Also fundamentally, they share the nature of these areas. Many mountain systems of the smaller scale, the uplands and plateaus sheltering the entire territory of British Columbia, creating in their gorges and valleys of a network of full-flowing mountain rivers and lakes.
31 32 the lake and riveraccommodates on its territory British Columbia – a fabulous place of water element. Almost all rivers and lakes are inhabited by salmon and trout. The main hidroenergia province Frasier. This major river starts in the Rocky mountains and flowing through the homonymous plateau and canyon, incorporates many of the tributaries, while increasing the slopes of the banks to a height of 100 m and much faster. It empties into the Pacific ocean, where the Delta built the largest city in the County and the largest port of the Western coast of North America – Vancouver.
In the Rocky mountains in the Valley of a thousand peaks is the source of a mountain river called the Columbia. 40% of it flows through the territory of Canada. Powerful flow and steep river have their own specifics:
In Western province ends on the sea coast and towards the North it borders the American state of Alaska. All seaboard is indented with convenient bays and fjords, extending tens of kilometers inland. Here are thousands of Islands. The largest of which are Vancouver and Graham from the ridge of Islands the Queen Charlotte sound. Many tourists going to admire one of the most delightful places in the world – the Coast ranges the coast district of British Columbia. Photos of the most picturesque corners of the Riviera of the imagination.
On the weather of coastal areas is affected by the warm current Kuroshio current, making it soft and rainy. In favourable climates, grow lush taiga forests that cover the coast.
On the North and East province is adjacent canadian district (Yukon, Northwest territories and Alberta) and in the southern part borders the United States.
Mountain range of the Coast ranges blocks the flow from the coast to continental humid air masses from the Pacific ocean. So far from the sea in the Central part of the County are arid plateau and desert.
Nice, soft and warm climate has formed in the valleys of the Fraser and Okanagan, which produces a great canadian wine and cider.
In the Northern part of British Columbia is dominated by cold and sparsely populated mountainous areas. And only in the North-Eastern part, down below in the valley, pleasing to the eye the Prairie.
An Invaluable feature of the province is that 95% of its land-natural landscapes, and only 5% arable land. Three quarters of the region consists of mountains and hills over 1000 meters, and 60% forest. Here is preserved the pristine and unique nature with natural habitats of rare animals, birds and fish. That is why one-eighth of the entire territory that is British Columbia, preserves and protected natural areas. Among them 14 national parks (including Yoho, mount Revelstoke, glacier, Kootenay and others) and about 430 provincial and regional.
Here you will find unique places and landscapes:
Fans of unusual rest and bright impressions in the province of British Columbia can see:
So if you ever want to see almost everything that is rich in nature and feel the flavor of North America, visit such a wonderful place like British Columbia (Canada).
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