Tell me, what was caused by the emergence of manufactories: the answer to the ticket

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2018-04-01 23:12:10

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In the framework of a school course of history have traditionally included the question: “Tell us what caused the emergence of factories”. This question often causes difficulty, because it is closely related to General problems such as socio-economic development and political system in the country. So the answer on this topic involves understanding and students ' knowledge of the historical background of the emergence of this new institution in various countries.

Concept

The answer to the question “tell us what caused the emergence of factories” should, of course, to begin with a definition of the concept. It reveals the essence of the phenomenon and helps to understand what were the fundamental difference from the previous forms and organisations of work. So, manufactory-the enterprise based on manual labor and characterized by the division of professions. The term emphasizes, what was the fundamental innovation of these institutions: they assumed a completely different organization based on the systematic use of work of specialists in a particular industry. Here it should perhaps be noted that she appeared out of nowhere, but had deep historical background. Therefore, the answer to the question “tell me, what was caused by the emergence of manufactories,” you need to immediately stipulate this fact in order to logically start telling you about the ways of their formation.

tell us what caused the emergence of manufactures

Industry

The Emergence of this new production type is associated with the development in a number of European countries weaving. The industry was one of the most developed States that have embarked on the capitalist path of development. It should be recalled that it was the main premise of the British industrial revolution. In the second place should be called the shipyard and metals mining. The school or University ticket “Tell me, what was caused by the emergence of manufactories,” suggests gradual and phased refers to all the prerequisites of their appearance. And therefore, the student should identify those industries, among which arose these new economic institutions.

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what caused the emergence of the manufactories of the reasons

Italy

Talking about ways of development of capitalism in European countries, it should be understood that they have passed on this level, largely due to the development of the manufacturing production, which, in turn, rooted in the Guild system of production. The first factory appeared in Italy. This too should be explained. The fact that the country was economically developed in the Middle ages. There was a lot of towns, the merchant class played a big role, the turnover of this state was huge, which caused the transformation of the old system of guilds in a new, more advanced system of production. The rapid development of urban life, crafts, exchange, monetary circulation – it was caused by the emergence of manufactories. The causes, therefore, lay in the very social and economic structure. Its natural transformation gave rise to new forms of work organization of craftsmen.

the emergence of the manufactories history of Russia

Other countries

Very soon other European States embarked on the path of capitalist development. The Netherlands, France, England. In the latter, as already mentioned above, the weaving has become widespread and quite quickly brought this country to the path of capitalist development. Therefore, the occurrence of manufactories and management in this country was due to the deep internal economic reasons. The history of Europe, of course, was to the capitalist path of development and to the market. On the continent developed cities and trade – one of the important factors of the appearance of the shops, and based on them – factory. The above countries were active in trade not only with neighbors but also with more distant States. They mastered the new land, the territory that required a quick and quality production of not only goods, but also weapons, vehicles and necessary equipment.

the emergence of factories and their management

Russia

The Economic development path in our country differed from the Western. The fact that the Moscow state was originally agrarian: agriculture was the main branch of development. The role of cities in economic life was not as high as on the continent. So here is a different tempo was the emergence of factories. The history of Russia is inseparably connected with peasant production. Therefore, the state, in fact, initiated the establishment of manufactories. The first of them appeared in the 17th century, however, especially the rapid development they have received in the reign of Peter I. the Emperor led a very active foreign policy, and almost all of his reign passed in war with Sweden for access to the sea. So he needed a model army and a strong Navy. The king was especially encouraged metallurgy, which again is due to his desire to raise an army on the European level. His work became the impetus for further development of the manufacturing production in ourthe country.

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