This is interesting: mnemonics in kindergarten

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2018-04-01 12:00:11

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Do you know the term “book”? It is a beautiful word comes from the Greek mneme – “memory” and techne – “art”. It means nothing, as the ‘art of memory" of methods and techniques that constitute a methodology for fast and durable memorizing different information. Each of us are faced with the simplest mnemonic techniques in my life.

methods of mnemonicsWe remember the colors of the rainbow, using the famous “Every hunter wants to know…”. We've been practicing cases using pointless “Ivan gave birth to a girl, told me to haul a diaper”. And the Gipsy came on tiptoe and cecause the chicken helped to master the difficult orthography of the native language. In demobilise era, we memorized the phone numbers of friends, mentally associating the numbers with the dates of their birth. So the primitive notion of mnemonics is available to everyone.

However, there are people who on the development of memory suitable not spontaneously, from time to time, and methodically and purposefully. It is, of course, about teachers. Memory development – one of the most important directions in the work of the educator, psychologist, teachers, teachers of additional education. Mnemonics in preschool is of particular importance. If you do not develop the kid's memory before school age, in the first class he will have a hard time. After all, 50% of the success of the child at school – a great memory. Consider how it can be used the mnemonics in kindergarten.

Memorability

One of the techniques that received the most wide spread, – the so-called memorability. They represent signs, cells which fit certain graphic image to help you remember important information. There are a large number of ready memtables on different topics, but you can compose them yourself, and even better – with children. Coming up with the most successful schematic encoding of a particular concept, the child not only remembers the information, but also develops thinking, speech, creativity. If the teacher is not very good at drawing, you can choose the desired image.

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Tables for small children (or initial stage) contain 4-6 cells, then the amount of encoded information may increase. How to use this book in kindergarten?

  1. mnemonics in DouTo explore any concept. For example, in the study of the seasons preschoolers are offered a table, each cell of which is placed a schematic of the phenomena typical of that time. Winter: snow, warm clothes, skis and skates, sleeping bear and the hedgehog, frozen river and so on. Summer: bright sun high in the sky, the rain, swimming in the river, shorts and sundresses, the green trees and flowers. Pictures in this case will be those “hooks” that will allow us not to forget new material, memorize it, put in the correct compartment of memory. In further work with table, kids will learn to make a coherent story about a particular time of year. Memorability can be prepared by any study subjects: “Fruit”, “Veggies”, “Animals”, “Plants”, “Clothing”, “sports” and so on.
  2. The same methods of mnemonics can be applied when reciting poetry and preparing summaries of the texts. In this case, each line of the poem is chosen “talking” image. The visual connection and image memory allows to memorize a particular text-proverb, riddle, poem, letting simple poem.

A Little about other methods

mnemonics in kindergarten

Of Course, memorability – not the only method of development of memory used in the work with preschool children. Mnemonics in kindergarten may include traditional methods used in adult learning: rhyming, composing narrative stories and mnemonic sentences, play “Couple” (Memory), “snowball” and others. Well children learn and techniques of eidetics (connection image memory for memorizing words, letters, numbers, and indeed any information). Benefit from the use of such techniques in the preschool institution is undeniable. To paraphrase the famous words, we can say that the mnemonics in kindergarten – is not a luxury but an urgent necessity.

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