The First teachings about ethics, there are more than one thousand years, because to seriously address it started by the ancient Greeks. Representatives sovetskogo currents in philosophy in the 5th century BC put forward the basic ethical postulates, finding that the laws are fundamentally different from natural. A great contribution to the development of ethical philosophy, has made Socrates, Plato, Aristotle.
The history of the question of the origin of ethics as a science
According to the generally accepted interpretation, from a philosophical point of view, the ethics – is the same as morality and ethics. This is a set of moral and ethical norms that define people's behavior in a particular social group, class, state, social and historical system, society as a whole. Their origins rested in ancient times, tribal system, when in order to survive, people needed to stick together, to coexist side by side, fight the enemies, defend, build shelter, find food. Because initially ethic – “apartment”, “the rules of living together" if translated literally. Such rules were needed to regulate relations within the clan or tribe - so its members have United and have decided together the necessary tasks. Hence the collectivism, overcoming aggression and selfishness were seen as the main parameters and criteria of ethical standards. Subsequently, with the ascent of human society to a higher stage of development, this teaching was enriched by such categories and concepts as conscience, friendship, the meaning of life and existence. the Modern philosophical theory claim that ethics – this is one of the dialectical methods of cognition of reality, a reflection of the many complex links and relations between the “reasonable man”, nature, civilization. As in the days of antiquity, the fundamental question her – what is good and evil, and how they relate to the life and goals of a person living in a certain state with certain laws. In this light infused morality and ethics. This unity makes it possible to identify the nature of moral values, to explain how they appeared and developed, and predict what forms may take in the future.
Ethics and education
One of the sections of professional ethics-teaching ethics. It emerged as one of the directions in the General basic science in connection with the consideration of the pedagogy as the specific type of activity. The teacher not only shares knowledge of a particular scientific field. He is also and educator. Each lesson it – it is also the teaching of moral truths, an explanation of different life and everyday situations, and is an example of your own behavior, and the ability to build relationships with students to resolve various conflicts. The basic rules of ethics associated with the teaching cycle. It is defined as a feeling of harmonious relations between the actions and behaviour of the teacher towards students, parents and colleagues. One of the most striking manifestations of pedagogical tact – internal culture of teachers, which is also called the moral culture.
Thus, ethics – it is a key component of our social and spiritual life.
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