The Climate Of Africa

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2018-04-01 15:53:07

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The Formation of the peculiarities of the African climate is influenced by different factors. Mainland is within the seven zones. Due to the fact that the Equatorial line crosses Africa almost in half, climatic zones from the equator again to the borders of the continent. It should be noted that the conditions under which the formation of the weather to the South and North of the middle of the continent have their own characteristics. Mostly it is due to the fact that the area of the Northern part of twice the area of the southern region of the continent. In addition, the southern sub-continent lies between the Indian and the Atlantic ocean. Equally important is the proximity to Eurasia, the North and North-East Africa is separated Intercontinental warm seas (Red and Mediterranean). On the mainland there are two tropical and two sub-Equatorial and Equatorial zone. In the subtropics are the northernmost and southernmost Africa.

The climate of the coast of the mainland is influenced by sea currents. For the North-West, Eastern, South-Western regions characteristic of low humidity. This is due to the influence of the Canary (cold) currents. More hydrated are the Southeast and the West Bank. Here on the climate of Africa influenced by warm currents (Mozambican and Guinean).

The Bulk of the continent lies between the tropics, it gets a lot of sun and very well heated, particularly in the vast Northern territory. The prevailing high temperatures makes the climate of Africa is the hottest on the planet.

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Some emboss the edges of the continent in comparison with the inner region promotes the formation of typical mainland "continentality". This is particularly pronounced in the Northern part, because of its size and proximity to Eurasia.

The Climate of Africa is mainly influenced by the trade wind circulation and the subtropical highs of both hemispheres.

The Sahara (North Africa), dominated by the dry North-Western and North-Eastern winds. Meet them blowing South-West monsoon, bringing to the territory of Guinea coast and the Sudan moist air and rain.

The Climate of Africa in the East, in the area of Ethiopia and Somalia is influenced by the Indian monsoon.

Virtually all of southern area Africa has a dry climate, especially in the inner regions. The exception is the Western Cape region. Here aktiviziruyutsya cyclonic activity at the polar front.

In the main part of the continent to high temperature are installed under the influence of strong insolation (illumination) and depend on the height of the solstice. The average annual temperature in large areas of the continent is greater than 20°C. due To the fact that the Northern part of Africa is more massive, it heats up stronger. Here is recorded the highest monthly temperature (35-40°C) and the maximum daily temperature observed on the planet (up to 58°C).

"Continentality" of climate is evident throughout Africa. It is expressed predominantly in the significant daily temperature fluctuations. For example, the Sahara amplitude can reach fifty degrees.

The Climate in Africa is characterized by an extremely uneven distribution of precipitation. In the Equatorial parts regularly fall heavy rains. Maximum precipitation was observed on the slopes of the Cameroon array.

To the South and North of the Equatorial strip rainfall due to the influence of monsoon. Their overall annual figures are very different depending on elevation and geographical location.

To the far South and far North of the continent with the approach to the subtropical zone the amount of rainfall increases.

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