The special theory of relativity. The basics

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2018-03-24 23:24:08

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The Beginning of the development of the special theory of relativity was in the early 20th century, in 1905. Its foundations were considered in the work of albert Einstein "on the electrodynamics of moving bodies". the special theory of relativityWith this fundamental work, the scientist raised a number of issues which had not at that time answer. For example, he suggested that the teaching of Maxwell's true not fully. Because the interaction according to the laws of electrodynamics between a conductor and a magnet, depends entirely on the relativity of their movement. But then there is a conflict with established views about what these two cases influence each other must be strictly delineated. Based on these findings it is suggested that any coordinate system that depend on the laws of mechanics, in the same way, and sometimes more, depend on optical and electrodynamic laws. This conclusion Einstein called the "principle of relativity".the postulates of the special theory of relativity

The Basic elements of the special theory of relativity revolutionised the assumptions that marked the beginning of a brand new round of development of physical science. The scientist has completely removed the classic notions of absolute time and space and relativity. He also took a step to the confirmation on the level of theory empirically proven by Hertz of the finiteness of the speed of light. He laid the foundations for the study of the independence of the speed and direction of movement of the light source.

On today's special theory of relativity gives the ability to significantly accelerate the process of exploring the Universe. Developed by albert Einstein teaching has eliminated many of the contradictions that arose in the early twentieth century in physics. 

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The Main objective pursued by the special theory of relativity – software installation elements of the special theory of relativityThe connection between space and time. This greatly simplifies the understanding of the entire world order in particular and in General. The postulates of special relativity allow us to understand many phenomena: reduction of the duration and length during the movement of the body, increased mass with increasing velocity (the mass defect), the lack of communication between the different events happening in an instant (if they are in completely different points of the space-time continuum). All this he explains by the fact that the maximum propagation speed of any signal in the Universe exceeds the speed of light in vacuum.

The Special theory of relativity determines that the mass of the photon being at rest, is equal to zero, which implies that any external observer can never catch up with the photon at superluminal velocity and to the opportunity to continue to move with it. Therefore, the speed of light is absolute value and not be able to surpass.

Albert Einstein gave a new qualitative leap in the development of physical science in the world, and across the Universe.

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