Autoimmune gastritis: symptoms, diagnosis and treatment

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2018-04-05 02:00:21

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This is an inflammatory disease of the stomach, autoimmune gastritis, is quite rare, it is diagnosed in only 10% of the population. The disease is genetic in nature and occurs under certain conditions. What – the science is uncertain. It should be noted that aggravating factors are advanced age and poor diet. Consider the typical symptoms of this disease, its diagnosis and treatment.

How is the status of this pathological process?

autoimmune gastritis

The human Digestive system with this disease starts to eat itself. In other words, the immune system, producing specific antibodies that destroy normal cells that comprise the mucosa of the stomach. This leads to a decrease of acidity of gastric juice, the food ceases to digest and begins its decay, and the nutrients are not absorbed neither in the fabric nor into the General circulation. People taking the food, felt in the lower abdomen sufficiently severe pain. Because of this, it is no longer anything there, and after a while dystrophy and anorexia.

Causes

What is the reason a person is this pathology? Scientists are inclined to this view that a disorder of immunity is hereditary nature development. In addition, autoimmune gastritis can cause trapped in the body of the infection, e.g. cytomegalovirus, herpes, and severe Epstein–Barr. The causative agent of this infection embeds itself not only in fabrics but also in internal organs, causing the immune system to destroy the gastrointestinal tract. In any case, the cause of such disease is determined individually.

Symptoms

gastroenterology center

The Typical symptoms of pathology appear as follows:

  • Abdominal distension;
  • Lethargy and extreme fatigue;
  • Unpleasant taste in mouth;
  • Loss of appetite;
  • A man notices that he's gurgling in the abdomen;
  • Heartburn, belching, mild nausea, constipation or diarrhea;
  • Heavy perspiration, dizziness;
  • Pale skin;
  • Thinning of nails.

Additionally, a clear sign of autoimmune gastritis – nervousness, irritability, emotionality. The reason is that the body begins to experience a lack of vitamins B9 and B12, resulting in anemia and neurological disorders.

These symptoms do not occur immediately at the time of development of the disease and can occur both together and separately.

Diagnostics

stomach gurgles

In Order for treatment to be effective, it is very important to make an accurate diagnosis. In this case many turn to gastroenterology center, which carries out the following diagnostic activities:

  • Fibrogastroduodenoscopy with biopsy. In the early stages of the disease reveal swelling of the mucosa, hyperemia, the presence of ulcers and erosions. If the disease became chronic, the mucous membrane of the stomach becomes pale, atrophic, with small areas of degeneration of epithelial cells.
  • Fluoroscopy of the stomach, esophagus and duodenum.
  • Immunological study of the blood because 30% of patients identified autoimmune disorders and other organs.
  • Sensing of the stomach that determines the acidity of the fluid of this body and the presence of H. pylori.
  • Conducting a polymerase chain reaction that allows the quantification of DNA viruses in fluids and tissues of the patient. In 7.1% of patients with autoimmune gastritis detect the presence of Epstein–Barr, which causes mononucleosis.
  • Ultrasound of abdominal organs. In 80% of cases, patients show an enlarged liver with a change in its structure, in 17% of patients enlarged spleen, and sometimes reveal an increase and compaction of peripheral lymph nodes.

Who prescribes treatment?

Usually, if a patient goes to the gastroenterology center, he is examined and carried out further treatment two specialist – physician-immunologist and gastroenterologist.

autoimmune gastritis treatment

Immunologist to determine at which stage of development is this disease and how it is possible to stop further destruction of the gastro-intestinal tract.

Gastroenterologist carries out therapeutic interventions with regard to the damaged gastric mucosa, assigns appropriate treatment, which restores the function of gastrointestinal tract is disturbed during disease development.

Methodtreatment

If diagnosed with autoimmune gastritis, treatment should be unique. Is it from forms of the disease, the stage of development, symptoms and the changes in other organs. Treatment should be directed to eliminate the cause of the disease as well as the fight against H. pylori and viral infection, changes in the nervous and cardiovascular systems.

Basic principles of treatment

If the identified autoimmune gastritis, the patient must adhere to a special diet. In this case, from the diet should exclude cold and hot food, which must be mechanically, thermally and chemically sparing. Under the ban of sharp, salty, spicy, fried foods. The diet should be protein (including fish, steamed skim or boiled meat), vitamins and fiber (jelly, cereal, desserts, dairy products, pureed or boiled fruit and vegetables). You can not drink coffee, sweet dishes, cakes, tea, cakes, candies. Food should be taken only in the form of heat.

If the patient suffers from severe pain, the doctor prescribes anticholinergics (“Metacin”, “Platifillin”), antispasmodics (“Papaverine”, “no-Spa”), as well as drugs aimed at the reduction of motor activity of the intestine and stomach (“Reglan”, “Motilium”).

stomach lining

To improve the condition of the mucous membrane of the stomach, prescribe the following drugs: “Venter”, “Bi”, “Plantasia”, and to reduce the acidity – ‘when a person”, “Ranitidine” and others.

In severe atrophy of the mucosa of the appointed replacement therapy: “Abomin”, “help”, “Atsidin-pepsin”, “Panzinorm”, “Anchorman" of the preparations leading up the gut flora, a multivitamin.

If the need arises, you should take the antimicrobial and antiviral agents. Only according to indications is herbal medicine, massage, physical therapy, physiotherapy, reflexology, Spa therapy.

Also, many patients to facilitate use of traditional medicines. Autoimmune gastritis some treated with plantain juice and natural sea buckthorn oil, but in any case, therapy should be undertaken only under medical supervision.

Possible complications

typical symptoms

If the disease is not timely start to treat atrophy of the mucous membrane will only progress, and symptoms – to grow. In the end it may be adenocarcinoma. Also the neglect of health leads to iron deficiency anemia and polyhypovitaminosis.

Conclusion

Thus, if a person suddenly notices that gurgles in the stomach, a heartburn, occurs bad breath and other strange manifestations of the body, it should as soon as possible to consult a doctor. Often this indicates the development of autoimmune gastritis, delayed treatment which leads to serious complications.

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