Every certainly not once heard the Earth called "blue planet". Land got that name not so long ago, because previously, people just do not have
The opportunity to see their planet from a distance to be confident in her ground color. But are you sure that exactly remember why the planet
The Earth is called the blue?
Water in the Universe has always been. Yes, at first it was not water streams, but only the smallest molecules deposited on dust particles and various cosmic bodies.
After some time, these dust particles and body United in one great education, destined to become a Land.
Looking at our country is just 4.5 billion years ago, no one would have guessed why the planet Earth is called the blue. After all, it was a huge piece of boiling mash and erupting lava. Long millions of years the gases released during these processes formed the Earth's atmosphere. There was methane, and nitrogen, hydrogen sulfide, hydrogen, and carbon dioxide. There was only free oxygen.
It was Not until, while slightly less than 4 billion years ago the atmosphere has not cooled down to 100 degrees – that's when the condensation process finally allowed a few
To become liquid. Endless drops of the jet, the whole flow of this water fell to the Ground. Incredible thunderstorms rampaged on the planet
Thousands of years. There was literally a flood! Almost boiling rain endless streams flowed to the ground. First, small streams, then all the larger rivers
Merged in one place, gradually transforming it into the World's oceans. However, then it was just dirty water, bubbling from the high temperatures and constant
Filling. And only after many hundreds of centuries the waters of the oceans were clean, cool, that is, took the view that we can observe today.
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Water – this is the substance that has made our planet unique and gave the opportunity to life on planet Earth.
The Astronauts say that if you look at the planet Earth from a satellite, first and foremost, pay attention to its blue color. This is due to the properties of our
The atmosphere and the surface of the planet (only where water is in liquid form). In addition, our planet is unique in the presence of oxygen
The atmosphere and the protective ozone layer which prevents the negative effects of the rays of the stars. Today to ensure the correctness of the astronauts, it is enough
Just to see a picture of the Earth from the satellite.
On the other hand, I wonder why planet Earth is called blue, because water has no color. However, most of the sea water appear to be human
The look in blue color. Sometimes the sea can be green, black or yellowish. What is the matter?
And the reason is simple: the water color we see in sunlight. And any beam are known, includes all colors of the rainbow. The wavelength for each color is different,
Respectively, and penetrate the water column to different depths. The short-wave red, the longest – blue. It
For this reason, waves of different colors reflect different manner. And it gives us the opportunity to see a sea of different colors.
Of Course, there is still a sea of red, but the story of them – is a completely different story, because their color is due to the large number of red algae
The surface of the sea, and not the bandwidth of the water for sunlight.
The Depth of light penetration into the sea depends on water clarity. The light reflected from microscopic particles such as algae or particles that are present
In any sea in the form of suspensions. The upper layers of the seas and oceans are not rich in these particles, because they fall down. For this reason, the blue part of the spectrum is
The opportunity to reflect at great depth.
All tropical seas can boast of microalgae, and therefore they all have the color blue, if you look at the planet Earth from the satellite or even from the rocks.
The Water of those seas that do not have constant temperature or have a active current, continuously mixed, bringing in the top layers of the large number of
Nutrients. Water for this reason, it seems much more turbid, sunlight cannot penetrate beyond the top layers, so the blue rays there is not
Affected. Water color will vary from green to brown.
It would Seem, why the planet Earth is called the blue if the color of the seas in all her different? The fact is, that when you look from the satellite solar light
Reflected not only in water, but passes through the atmosphere. And in this atmosphere the beam is reflected primarily in the blue spectrum. Of course,
There are also pure white swirl of clouds, but it's just too dense clumps of water vapor that is not able to pass longer wavelengths. This reflected and water, and the air bright and intense blue colour we see in photos of the globe.
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Alin Trodden - author of the article, editor
"Hi, I'm Alin Trodden. I write texts, read books, and look for impressions. And I'm not bad at telling you about it. I am always happy to participate in interesting projects."
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