Agro-Climatic conditions in each country can be rich or poor. Or country may have different zones, where there is both a high level of resources and the almost complete lack thereof.
Typically, a high diversity of agroclimatic resources is observed in countries occupying a large area. Among them we can distinguish the following States: Russia, China, India, Australia, USA, Canada, Brazil and Mexico. In order to fully represent the overall picture, you need to understand what the agroclimatic resources and what affects their availability.
Agroclimatic resources – this formed the climate conditions in a certain territorial unit, defining a particular agricultural activity.
Agroclimatic resources of the world can be evaluated as favorable and unfavorable.
In order to understand how the possibility of agricultural activities need to understand in detail what the agroclimatic resources and what factors affect their rate.
Agroclimatic resources of a certain region determined by the relationship between light, heat and moisture. This index indicates the number of crops that can be grown in the area. They are isolated on the zone temperature, moisture and light. There are countries with homogeneous natural conditions and with a large diversity.
Next, we consider the conditions in Russia and Asia.
Russia – a country that is located in different climatic zones with different intensity of solar energy. This factor makes it possible to grow a wide range of crops with different requirements for light, heat and moisture.
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Of all the factors most strongly reacts to the plant on air temperature. The main processes occur in the range of 5-30 degrees Celsius. Deviation from this range leads to a lockup of growth and processes. With a strong deviation from the norm, the plant dies.
Temperature is above 10 degrees I think the lower limit of the effective growing season. To produce a crop of a particular culture the plant should “save” the total number of positive temperatures above ten degrees. Each culture has its own index, respectively, and their requirements.
Agroclimatic resources of Russia in the Northern regions have high humidity and lack of heat and light. In such conditions of focal agriculture and greenhouse management.
In the Northern part of the temperate zone in the subzone of the taiga the climate is somewhat milder. In this region it is possible to grow potatoes, rye, barley, and legumes.
Just South in the zone of mixed forests and forest steppe, the climate is warmer and the day length is longer. In this agro-climatic zone it is possible to grow rye, wheat, corn, hemp, flax, sugar beets and to cultivate the vine and to gardening.
The Best combination of agroclimatic resources formed on the territory of the Central Chernozem region, the Northern Caucasus and parts of the Volga district.The sum of the temperatures of the vegetative period is 2200-3400 degrees Celsius. Under such conditions it is possible to grow winter and spring wheat, corn, soy, sunflower, vegetables and fruits.
In most parts of the country the temperatures of the vegetation period is in the range of 1000-2000 degrees Celsius. What is agro-climatic resources and the role they play in the formation and activity of agriculture in this case? The answer is obvious. On the basis of international experience and economic efficiency of such conditions are not conducive opportunities to compete and to have a cost-effective production.
As a rule, in developed countries these areas of agriculture are subsidized welfare. The profitability of the agricultural sector directly depends on this parameter.
The Area of Asia includes the more than forty countries. About four billion people live in this part of the planet. The nutrition of the population depends on agricultural activities of the countries that is defined and limited by specific climatic conditions.
Agroclimatic resources of Asia are characterized by a high amount of heat. However, the amount of moisture in the greater part of it a little, and in some regions, excessively.
The Optimal conditions for conducting agricultural activities are the following countries: Bangladesh (plowed about 70% of the area), India (166 million hectares), China (93 million hectares). In the rest of Asia is patchy agriculture or grown culture only waterlogged area of growth.
The main part of Asia - a vast territory of mountain ranges, deserts and semi-deserts. Despite the fact that seventy percent of the irrigated land is in Asia, they are sorely lacking. The reason is the growing population and erosion of soils.
With regard to the former CIS countries, located in Asia, the largest territory is Kazakhstan. Its geographic location corresponds to States located in the region of the Mediterranean sea with humid subtropical climate.
However, the agroclimatic resources of Kazakhstan in the procedure below. Its climate is sharply continental. The reason is that the country is situated more than a thousand kilometers from the ocean. Therefore, throughout the country's dry summer with low precipitation. Winter is dominated by cold Siberian frosts.
The Most precipitation occurs in the mountainous areas of Altai.On-site irrigation and the maximum amount of rain grown cotton, wheat, tobacco, fruits, and melons.
Agroclimatic resources of each country to define its agricultural activities and life of the population. If conditions are favorable, the country is able to provide food for its citizens and not be dependent on foreign policy.
When agro-climatic resources are scarce, as a rule, the population of the country is starving, and the state dependent on the external market products. Examples include many countries in Africa and Asia....
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Alin Trodden - author of the article, editor
"Hi, I'm Alin Trodden. I write texts, read books, and look for impressions. And I'm not bad at telling you about it. I am always happy to participate in interesting projects."
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