The Korean language from scratch: where to start?


2018-03-19 12:40:12




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In South and North Korea, but also in the Chinese district Agbani having autonomy, official language is Korean. Also, this language is alive and within various other countries, from Kyrgyzstan to Canada and Japan. After all, their territories are home to a huge Korean Diaspora have preserved their traditions.

To go to a foreign country, you must be familiar with all the details that you will need during your stay. Learning Korean from scratch will be useful for those planning to take up permanent residence in the relevant country (or just visit it as a tourist), to get acquainted with culture and way of life and also it will be useful for polyglots, which tend to learn a new foreign language. To speak this amazing language, it is necessary to observe some simple rules and learning the steps.Korean from zero

First step

To begin with, as when learning other languages, you need to learn the alphabet. It necessary elementary to read and write. Learning the Korean language can cause some difficulties in the first stage, but it is necessary only to overcome them, as the language itself will attract the student.

It Is necessary to talk a little bit about the alphabet. For people who use speech Cyrillic and Latin, it seems a little strange. However, among the three Asian languages-Japanese, Chinese, and described – it is the lightest. Korean invented in 1443. And since then, it has 24 letters, 10 of them are vowels. In the early stages of this knowledge will be enough to learn basic language.


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Korean has diphthongs, double consonants and hanchu. The first two has 16 pieces. Accordingly, the full alphabet consists of 40 letters. What is hanja? A few centuries ago, when there was a formation of the Korean language, he began to come, many Chinese words that have not found analogues for the structure described to this day. Therefore, the average Korean knows about 3 thousand Chinese characters. And if the Japanese words of foreign pronunciation passed into everyday conversations, but the Korean keeps his distance – they are used only in official letters, texts on religious themes, dictionaries, and classical works. It is worth to notice that in North Korea, hanja is not used.

What is so easy the alphabet? Knowledge of basic information, of course, will help with this time consuming process, as learning the Korean language from scratch on their own. Unlike Chinese and Japanese, which use characters, words consist of letters. While the individual characters that make up the alphabet, indicate only one (sometimes two, if we are talking about a couple of calls-deaf) letters.

Step two

Having Mastered the alphabet, you should start learning numerals. Here the main thing - immediately to understand the difference when you use the Korean system of calculation, and when the Chinese. First, as a rule, you need to count from 1 to 99 and when you specify the age of all matter. For example, one – “Khan" two – “," three – “set”. The second applies a population when the score after 100, street names, houses, dates, money, and phone numbers. For example, one – “Il”, two – “and”, three – “myself”. Thus in their writing uses letters, not hieroglyphs. It can also seem daunting, but it is even more difficult, and, not having mastered this, it will be very difficult to develop further. After all, such a task as to teach Korean language from scratch, does not compare with trying to learn some native Russian Slavic system.learning the Korean language from scratch independently

Step three

Step three implies learning small phrases and a few dozen basic words. You only have to start immediately noticeable how Korean combinations themselves are beginning to climb in the head.

It is necessary to have a small notebook where you can write how to pronounce certain words. An excellent method to learn the Korean language from scratch will be attaching stickers with phrases in a prominent place. So the better the brain will learn new information.

The Most important process in the third step is to learn not only Korean-Russian translations and Russian-Korean. So it is possible to learn to speak the language and not just understand it.

Step four

Studying the Korean language from scratch on their own, we should not forget about basic words such as “hi” or “until”. They are necessary even to the most uneducated polyglot and will always help when talking with the media. Among the standard words are the following: Yes (“ne”), not ("Ani"), thank you (“kamsamnida”), Hello ("Annen”).Korean from zero independently

Step five

In Korean culture, there is a clear division between the formal and informal form of language. What to use in communicating with a certain person, should be ascertained from the following factors: age of the interviewee, his profession and achievements, and social status. The formality in the dialogue has three steps:

  • Official. Used for talking with the senior chief and unfamiliar people.
  • Unofficial. Is more appropriate if the opponent is a close friend, relative or younger.
  • Reverent. In everyday speech are not used, but you can often hear on television in the scientific and news programs, as well as in the army.

For those who teach the Korean language from scratch, this division is important to understand. Those who do not adhere to formalities, it is considered rude, and thus he spoils the relationship with others.

Step six

You must Now learn grammar. It is the complexity of only one – in a vast number of different forms of the same verb. All they need to know.

Among the most common rules of grammar are the following:

  1. The Verb in the sentence is on the last place.
  2. Subject is used only in the case that it is impossible to understand from the context or from previous proposals about what or whom we are talking.

learn Korean language

Step seven

An Important step is practice. The more one speaks and writes, the better his skills.

Do Not be afraid to start learning Korean language from scratch. It's morally difficult, although not technically difficult. The main thing - desire and persistence. Good luck!


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Alin Trodden - author of the article, editor
"Hi, I'm Alin Trodden. I write texts, read books, and look for impressions. And I'm not bad at telling you about it. I am always happy to participate in interesting projects."

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