With the advent in the family the baby mom and dad are asking many new questions. So, parents care about the day crumbs, his nutrition, physical activity and mental development. It would seem that everything is simple. Often, however, children are prone to diseases. The most common symptom of pathology is to increase the mark on the thermometer. This article will describe the normal temperature of a child up to one year. You will learn how to make measurements you need. It is also worth to say and about what standards the body temperature of the child after a year.
Normal temperature in a child under one year can be determined by using some available tools. Currently, there are many instruments for measuring values. This can be a dummy for kids with special Board. Also most popular are the plates, which are pasted on the forehead of the baby. It is very convenient, as there is no need to hold the thermometer.
Manufacturers of household appliances and medicines release their latest thermometers. They can be electronic or mercury, as before. Many devices are equipped with anti-shock system and a flexible tip. This arrangement allows you to measure the temperature not only of the axilla.
In Order to obtain accurate values, it is necessary to use instruments to diagnose correctly. Follow the packaging instructions. If you use the classic mercury thermometer, it must be placed under the child's hand completely. The terminal device must go parallel to the forearm. After 5-7 years it is possible to measure the temperature of a child same as adult.
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Normal temperature in a child under one year and after may be different depending on where the measurement is made. Often the measurement is performed in the axilla. However, the definition of temperature can be performed on an elbow bend in the rectum, mouth and so on. In medicine there are several types of values:
Absolutely all babies are born with underdeveloped nervous system. The consequence is poor performance of the thyroid gland and hypothalamus. That is why babies have poorly developed thermoregulation. What is the normal temperature in a child? Doctors say that the thermometer readings can be in the range of 36 to 37.5 degrees. It all depends on the environment and health of the baby. Also, you already know that the normal body temperature in children under one year differs depending on the measurement. Consider the basic values.
In this zone, the body temperature in infants can be in the range from 36.4 to 37.3 degrees. While greatly influenced by the environment. If a child is on the street in hot weather, the thermometer level can show the value at 37.6 degrees. When the baby hysterically crying, blushing or starts to colic, the temperature may rise to 38 degrees. The baby is completely healthy and has no viral or bacterial infections. During feeding, the normal temperature in infants can be in the range from 37 to 37.2 degrees.
If the child is supercooled, the values of the thermometer can show the temperature of 35.8 to 36.5. The kid most often is restless, crying, and trying to keep warm.
When this method of measuring values of the thermometer will always be somewhat higher. So a child under one year is the norm, the thermometer in the range of 36.9 to 37.6 degrees. Remember that the measurement must be made when the baby is alone. Better to do it during sleep (half an hour after falling asleep).
Rectal temperature may increase after meals, during bowel cleansing, if the child's activity. The values of the thermometer can rise up to 38 degrees. However, it is not pathology and is considered normal.
These values the kids can be in the range of 36 to 37.1 degrees. The measurement is carried out in the hyoid region. In this case the mouth should be closed. It is worth noting that babies are quite difficult to produce the correct measurement. That is why this method is rarely used.
After the first year of life improves the functioning of nervous system and hypothalamus. Thermoregulation becomes more correct and may have to respond to external sources of exposure. So, prolonged exposure to the sun child's body launches self-cooling. The normal temperature in a child a year later and is in the range of 36.3 to 37 degrees. It has great importance to the measurement area.
Temperature Measurement in the axilla
In this area, the normal temperature of a child (1 year and older) is from 36.5 to 36.9 degrees. This condition is valid only in case if the baby is at rest. Often in children the temperature increase observed in the late afternoon. This is especially true after bathing or outdoor games. However, if the heat is kept after bedtime, then we can talk about the inflammatory process.
The Decrease in body temperature in babies observed in the morning while the baby is sleeping. Thus, the minimum value of the thermometer you can detect the period of time from 5 to 7 am. In this case the norm is the level of 35.8 to 36.6 degrees.
Oral temperature after a year
For children after a year of this method of measurement is rarely used. However baby is quite possible to persuade to sit quietly and with your mouth closed for a few minutes. Normal values are considered to be indicators from 36.4 to 36.8 degrees.
Rectal temperature measurement after a year
During this period, thyroid function is already quite streamlined. The temperature in this place is almost the same as that of an adult. In repose it lies in the range from 36.4 to 37 degrees.
So, you know, what is the normal body temperature in children under one year. The table shows the main values for both toddlers and for older people. However, many parents are interested in the question of whether there are exceptions. Does it ever happen that the temperature increases or decreases without any reason (in the absence of the disease)?
As you already know, in infants there is an increase in body temperature in case of overheating and stress. During the massage, physical education and food also an increase in the value of the thermometer.
While teething can increase the temperature. However, the values of the thermometer should not exceed 37.8 degrees. Otherwise speech can go about the pathological process. Many moms think that the temperature from 38 to 39 during teething is normal. But it is not. Most likely, the accession of the inflammatory process against the background of low immunity.
Increase the value of the thermometer can be observed in active games, especially in the evening. Also after a warm bath it is not necessary to measure the temperature as there is a large probability to high values.
Low body temperature
In children, this phenomenon is often observed in the first 24 months of life. During this period, a decrease in the value of the thermometer can affect the environment, hypothermia, taking certain medications and so on.
It is Worth noting that the low temperature can be not less dangerous than high. If the thermometer reads less than 36 degrees, you should already be concerned and consult a doctor.
There are children, whose body temperature can range from 35 to 38 degrees without any reasons and diseases. This is rare, but medicine knows such cases. Before talking about individual characteristics, to conduct some tests to verify that the child really is fully healthy.
So, you now know what the normal body temperature in a child under one year of age. Remember that measurements...
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Alin Trodden - author of the article, editor
"Hi, I'm Alin Trodden. I write texts, read books, and look for impressions. And I'm not bad at telling you about it. I am always happy to participate in interesting projects."
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