Rickets is considered one of the most common childhood diseases. It is classified as a polyetiological disease of the exchange type caused by a lack of phosphorus and calcium salts in the body, as well as a violation of their transportation and metabolism. Rickets is quite pronounced in children under one year old. The signs are expressed in a violation of the development of the child's musculoskeletal system. Lack of mineralization of the osteoid (vitamin D deficiency) causes bone disorders.
Signs of the disease in the early period (2-3 months) are manifested by the following indicators:
Up to a year signs manifestations of rickets are divided by severity:
1. Easy degree. During this period, it is immediately noticeable how rickets manifests in children:
2. The average degree. At 6-7 months , they become noticeable:
3. Severe degree. It is manifested by various complications:
Closer to the year , it is already clearly noticeable, what does rickets look like in children:
The lack of vitamins belonging to group B, vitamins A, zinc, magnesium and high-grade protein in the body is the most common reason why rickets develops in children under one year old. Its signs are also determined for many other reasons, for example, due to:
The most common form of the disease is D–deficient rickets (with a lack of sunlight, vegetarianism, late introduction of animal products into the diet – meat, fish, yolk).
Prevention of the disease is of great importance.
The child's health depends entirely on the behavior of the expectant mother, attentive attitude. Prevention should begin in the perinatal period:
Breastfeeding children under one year is the best prevention of rickets. No artificial feeding will replace the lactose of breast milk, which significantly contributes to the absorption of calcium. Frequent walks in the fresh air are recommended. Allow the child to move actively.
Excessive consumption of flour products by a child is undesirable, since they inhibit the process of bone mineralization and the absorption of calcium by the body.
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Alin Trodden - author of the article, editor
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