Dermatitis in infants: causes and methods of treatment

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2022-10-30 12:14:06

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Allergic dermatitis in infants, which can also be called atopic, is a disease that is quite common among toddlers. It turns out that it can appear in the first year of life and stay forever.

This disease is characterized by several characteristic signs: rash, itching of the skin, peeling and specific pigmentation. As a rule, dermatitis in infants is allergic in nature.

dermatitis in infants

There are certain reasons that can cause the development of the disease. As a rule, these include food allergens: cow's milk protein, as well as eggs, vegetables and fruits. If the child is older, he begins to develop sensitivity to pollen or household allergies.

As a rule, if allergic dermatitis develops in infants, the concentration of potassium and sodium chlorides in the blood may increase. The fundamental factor in this is heredity.

In the case of the development of this disease, the permeability of the skin vessels begins to increase sharply in the baby, resulting in frequent swelling, itching and rashes of various nature. Initially, at about the age of 2-4 months, dermatitis may appear on the face of a baby, which is characterized by redness and swelling of the cheeks and forehead.

The forms of manifestation of the disease can be called urticaria, eczema and neurodermatitis:

  1. In the case of eczema, the baby's skin becomes drier, redness and peeling appear. Nails break, become more fragile.
  2. If neurodermatitis appears, the skin pattern changes, and severe itching also bothers.
  3. Hives are bubbles that superficially resemble burns from nettles.

how to treat dermatitis in infants

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How to treat dermatitis in infants and whether it should be done at all? It should be noted that any medication or the passage of any procedures is carried out exclusively under the supervision of a pediatrician or allergist. If the disease is caused by a food allergen, it should be categorically excluded from the diet. As for irritants of non-food origin, they should be eliminated. As a medical treatment, such medications as Claritin, Suprastin, Diazolin, Tavegil and others are prescribed.

dermatitis on the baby's face

If dermatitis in infants is manifested by severe itching, it is best in this case to help the funds "Atarax" or "Zirtek". Most often, dysbiosis begins to develop, therefore it is necessary to prescribe a course of medications that normalize the work of the intestine. Also, the doctor should check that the child's liver and pancreas work normally, because thanks to the functioning of these organs, the allergen is completely eliminated from the body.

As for all possible means for external use, they are chosen based on the stage of development of the disease. With the help of an ointment or cream, skin inflammation is suppressed, as well as the degree of itching or swelling is reduced, and the risk of secondary infection is reduced.

Few people know, but the occurrence of the disease in a child can be avoided if you follow all the rules of rational nutrition throughout the pregnancy. Therefore, every mother should monitor the health of her baby even when he is in the womb.


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Alin Trodden - author of the article, editor
"Hi, I'm Alin Trodden. I write texts, read books, and look for impressions. And I'm not bad at telling you about it. I am always happy to participate in interesting projects."

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