Red sea (Egypt) - a unique ecosystem

Date:

2018-03-19 06:40:51

Views:

398

Rating:

1Like 0Dislike

Share:

The focus of this article will have a wonderful and unique Red sea. Egypt, Jordan, Israel, Sudan and several other countries bordering its shores. Many of these countries, thanks to its modern infrastructure to be a tourist Mecca, especially in the winter. What is so unique about this area? And why is it called – the Red sea? What's the climate and the underwater world?Red sea of Egypt

Education the waters

Red sea is relatively young. It was formed only twenty-five million years ago by tectonic faulting. Plate – the African and Arabian – continuing its drift from each other. From this movement tirelessly at a meter in a century, is expanding the Red sea. Egypt, Sudan and Eritrea are removed from the located on the Eastern shore of Yemen and Saudi Arabia. Geologists estimate that after thousands of years the Black continent by deepening rift will change its shape: disappear Great lakes and the horn of Africa will go under water. But while the area is an inland sea of the Indian ocean. Tectonic rift (axial trough) reached a depth of three kilometers, but the sea is full of shoals, and, therefore, its average depth – only 440 meters.

Red sea sharks

Why is it called

The etymology of the names of the water still causes many disputes. The most obvious conclusion-this is a seasonal algae bloom, which for a short time painted the azure waters of the reddish-brown color. But this is too prosaic reason does not satisfy scientists. There is a perception that the area is named after lived in the southern Arabian Semitic tribe of Himyar. For them, the Arabs began to call the sea “the Bahr-El-Ahmar", which also means “red”. There is another explanation, which is given by the Bible. Jews have long been in Egyptian slavery. Moses lifted his people and led him to the search of the Promised Land. After a long walk in front of them seemed to the Red sea. Egypt, land of slavery, was behind, and we have – an insurmountable obstacle. But Moses prayed to God, and the waters parted. Eyes appeared red rocks of coral reefs. The Israelis have passed this way, and the waves closed over the heads of the pursuers, the Egyptians. From their blood the sea and got its name. So says the legend.

Recommended

Competition is the rivalry between participants in the market economy. Types and functions of competition

Competition is the rivalry between participants in the market economy. Types and functions of competition

Competition – a concept inherent in a market economy. Every participant in the financial and commercial relations, seeks to take the best place in the environment where it must operate. For this reason, there is stiff competition. The struggle ...

The mayor: powers and duties. Elections of the mayor

The mayor: powers and duties. Elections of the mayor

Normal functioning of all systems of the settlement, competent and timely execution of tasks in the sphere of economic, social and other areas of development is impossible without control of the mayor. But how voters can evaluate the quality of work ...

Francisco Franco: biography and political activities

Francisco Franco: biography and political activities

When the civil war began in Spain, General Francisco Franco (Francisco Paulino of Hermenegildo Teodulo Franco Bahamonde - full name) celebrated its arakatzailea, but he seemed already tired of life and much older than his years. To unpresentable appe...

Geography

Map of red sea Egypt

Before us a map of the red sea. Egypt, Sudan, Eritrea, Saudi Arabia, Yemen, Israel and Jordan are located along the banks. The sea is the official border between Asia and Africa. Narrow tectonic origin stretches a thousand kilometers from North to South. The Suez canal linking the Red sea with the Mediterranean is narrow and blocked by gateways. Through it is not the exchange. The only link to the Oceans – the Strait of Bab-El-Mandeb (translation of this geographical name is quite poetic – “Gateway of tears”). Just look at the map to notice that the Red sea does not fall into any river. This leads to the uniqueness of the area. Without the flow of fresh water and huge evaporation in tropical climate at the red sea formed a large salinity - 41 ppm in the summer and 37 in winter, when there are occasional rains. For comparison, the average salinity of the World ocean 34 ppm, Black sea - 18, Baltic (very fresh) – only 5.

Climate

A Large part of the area lies in the tropical zone. Only in the extreme North has a Mediterranean climate. Therefore, one of the most popular destinations for a winter holiday is the Red sea. Egypt and Jordan have long been popular with our tourists, especially since the flight there is short-only four hours. Hot sun and a large depth of sea does not allow the water temperature to drop below the level of the 20 OEven in the coldest month - January. And in the summer the heat here is truly African +35...+40 OC. Sometimes the temperature jumps even up to +50 OC. And the water temperature in the hottest month - August - is very comfortable - +27 OC. the Egyptian Resorts on the Red sea are diverse and allow a good rest to different categories of tourists. There is a perception that there are only two – Hurghada and Sharm El Sheikh. But actually it is a large resort agglomerates, chain stretching along the coast for hundreds of kilometers. El Gouna-is a lovely romantic place, and in Safaga treat arthritis. In Naama Bay young people have fun in the luxurious Sharm-El-Sheikh, resting the audience richer in Hurghada – poorer, Dahab and Marsa Alam – it is a Paradise for divers and surfers.

the Resorts of Egypt's red sea

Underwater world

Consistently high water temperatures leads to a huge diversity of flora and fauna of this area. Along the shore stretch extensive coral reefs. About a thousand tropical fish of various shapes and colors inhabit the Red sea. Sharks, rays and predatory Moray eels slither between the reefs in search of prey. These fish, if they are not to tease, pose great danger. At the surface you can see several species of Dolphin, but the glory of the Red sea bring all the little inhabitants of coral reefs - fish bearing such eloquent names as a clown, butterfly, Napoleon, angel, Sultan.

...

Article in other languages:

BE: https://tostpost.com/be/nav-ny-gramadstva/15558-chyrvonae-mora-eg-pet---un-kal-naya-ekas-stema.html

DE: https://tostpost.com/de/news-und-gesellschaft/15568-rotes-meer-gypten---ein-einzigartiges-kosystem.html

ES: https://tostpost.com/es/noticias-y-sociedad/15576-el-mar-rojo-egipto---un-ecosistema-nico.html

KK: https://tostpost.com/kk/zha-aly-tar-o-am/15555-yzyl-te-z-egipet---b-regey-ekozh-ye.html

PL: https://tostpost.com/pl/aktualno-ci-i-spo-ecze-stwo/15529-morze-czerwone-egipt---unikalny-ekosystem.html

PT: https://tostpost.com/pt/not-cias-e-sociedade/15532-o-mar-vermelho-egipto---um-ecossistema-nico.html

TR: https://tostpost.com/tr/haber-ve-toplum/15559-k-z-ldeniz-m-s-r---benzersiz-bir-ekosistem.html

UK: https://tostpost.com/uk/novini-ta-susp-l-stvo/15552-chervone-more-gipet---un-kal-na-ekosistema.html






Alin Trodden - author of the article, editor
"Hi, I'm Alin Trodden. I write texts, read books, and look for impressions. And I'm not bad at telling you about it. I am always happy to participate in interesting projects."

Comments (0)

This article has no comment, be the first!

Add comment

Related News

Studying The Home. Where is Kurgan?

Studying The Home. Where is Kurgan?

Russian Kurgan – one of the oldest settlements of the southern Urals. For a long time it was considered to be closed, like other Ural cities having on their territory of location of military units. Therefore, not every trave...

The Caucasian Agama: description and habitat

The Caucasian Agama: description and habitat

Rocky slopes, cliffs, gorges, huge boulders, ruins – the most probable places where you can find a mountain lizard as Agama Caucasian.the habitat of this reptile shall extend to the territory of Turkey, Iran, Dagestan. Also ...

Arthur Weasley - the spiritual mentor of Harry Potter. The actor, who played Arthur Weasley

Arthur Weasley - the spiritual mentor of Harry Potter. The actor, who played Arthur Weasley

Arthur Weasley – the character of a series of books about Harry Potter. Hero worked at the Ministry of magic and was the father of the best friend of the protagonist. He loves Muggles (ordinary people) and admires the way th...

Psychic Ilona Novoselova - reviews, activities and interesting facts

Psychic Ilona Novoselova - reviews, activities and interesting facts

the World of mystery, hidden from the eyes of ordinary people, sometimes revealed to those who possess unusual, extraordinary abilities. One of these remarkable persons, in whose hands was inhuman abilities, was a finalist in seas...

Bernie Ecclestone: how is his condition, how much he sold the Formula 1, and what his daughters Petra and Tamara.

Bernie Ecclestone: how is his condition, how much he sold the Formula 1, and what his daughters Petra and Tamara.

Bernie Ecclestone is a giant in the world of Motorsport that turned Formula 1 into an incredible spectacle that we know today.Here's everything you need to know about 86-year-old British billionaire who ran the whole Motorsport fo...

The beautiful woman's name? This is the name of a favorite!

The beautiful woman's name? This is the name of a favorite!

Most beautiful women… How many arguments on this subject. Someone like the native names: Daria and Maria, Juliana and Ksenia Slavs, and Farida Malik for Muslims, Avital and Taiba Jews, etc. Others prefer the modern names, h...