Very Few people may be indifferent to the spectacular air show of fighter jets. Especially performing aerobatics the whole team. This is truly mastery of the car, instantly the calculations, confidence and courage. However thought over all these figures once for the spectacular views, and as a way of a sudden attack or evade the enemy. One of the most elaborate and incredible somersaults is the so-called "kulbit". That's how it is executed and where, in fact, such a name, we will deal in this article.
The Pilot is maneuvering the aircraft, the ultimate goal of which is to carry out some kind of figure in the air or to hit the enemy. Here aerobatics:
The maneuver is called aerial somersault on a pre-defined path, the position of the aircraft which does not conform to the standard horizontal. At various air shows and flight views of these figures are made whole entertainment complexes.
Maneuvers are divided into single and group. The following classification - simple, complex, and higher. I must say that it is not static - depending on the improvement of aircraft structures some of the highest somersaults moved to complex, complex to simple, etc. Present to your attention a modern Ungroup.
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To include the following figures:
This includes all the outstanding figures, and so-called reverse maneuvers. Particularly noteworthy are three:
Such interesting name is referred to as "loop with a very small radius of turn; somersault, characterized by a reversal in the plane of the plane body 360°. Observers think that the plane just turns around its tail. The device is moving at low speeds, which further add to the entertainment.
"kulbit" - aerobatics, have never used during actual air combat. Basically, it demonstrates high-class pilots in a showperformances and Airshow. Like no other, she shows the aerodynamic perfection of the propulsion systems of fighter 4+generation.
Almost "Frolov chakra" can be used successfully in combat - it allows you to quickly attack the enemy, which is behind the pilot. Also this is a snapshot of the maneuver transition retreat in a counterattack when the enemy is near, the run loop pass it forward, to behind his back.
To Perform this Wisepilot figure capable only vehicles with thrust vectoring is when the jet engine is deflected away from the direction of movement of the aircraft.
In particular, the following fighters:
If you're wondering why there was such an interesting name the shapes - "kulbit", read on.
The Word "chakra" comes from Sanskrit. चक्र, which means "ring", "circle", "disc". As it is a throwing weapon of the Hindus. By the way, according to Hinduism, the energy centers of the human chakra too, and they appear to be spherical, spherical.
Chakra - a very simple kind of weapon. It's a metal ring with a sharpened edge. The diameter can be from 12 to 30 cm, its thickness - 1-3,5 mm, and the width of the metal strips - 1-4 see an Interesting look on his carry - on conical hat, reminiscent of the high caps wizards. Some of the soldiers tied chakra to his belt. But the Sikhs strung the weapon on his high turban.
How is this invention relates aerobatics? His movement during throwing is very similar to the movement of the aircraft in the performance of "dead" loop Frolov. Ran the weapon is very simple - whirled around the forefinger and sent to the enemy. Chakra could fly up to 50 m and seriously injure the opponent. How it all looked in practice, you can see by reviewing the legendary "Xena - the warrior Princess". The main character in the film metal weapons, much like chakra.
Evgeny Frolov, born in 1951, is a test pilot, who performed the first aerobatics in an experimental highly maneuverable fourth-generation fighter SU-37. No wonder his name became a household word.
The Honored test pilot of the Soviet Union and hero of the Russian Federation, E. I. Frolov for the first time demonstrated the "chakra" in 1995. This occurred on the basis of the air show in Le Bourget.
"kulbit" is not the only merit of this ACE. Let's familiarize with the list of achievements of Evgeny Ivanovich:
"kulbit" is a spectacular visszaallitasa figure, which is already a little over 20 years. "Dead" loop, during which the aircraft turns around its tail like an Indian throwing weapon, the chakra, is not only impressive trick, but the turn that can go on the offensive in a real fight.
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