OAO: meaning of acronym


2020-05-28 19:00:12




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In Russian business popular has the abbreviation “OJSC”. Decoding it is simple and understandable to most people. There are, however, peculiarities of doing business in this legal form.

What does the acronym “OJSC”?

The Use of abbreviations – standard international practice, not bypassed the party and Russia. The expert in documents, entrepreneurs and ordinary people of our country are confronted every day with different letter contractions, including one of the most popular – “OJSC”. The decryption of this abbreviation is simple – “open joint-stock company”. The term refers to the legal form of the enterprise (one of several popular along with “LTD”, “ODO”, “ZAO" under the laws of Russia).

JSC transcript

The Business, thus, can be conducted in one of the above statuses. Between these legal forms, there are many differences. Take the most important. In "JSC" the shareholders are entitled to share in the company in favour of other persons, not coordinating it with meeting other holders of securities. In “ZAO" priority in the sale of shares belongs primarily to shareholders, and then to third parties. In the case of “LTD” and “ODO" operation with securities, having properties similar to the shares is not conducted in principle. The relationship between the shareholders and the procedures for the cashing of the money will be quite different.


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“battery”: Bank term

Along with the many abbreviations that occur in business and legal turnover in Russia, there is a combination of letters, like AKB. It is easy to see that typically it is mainly for financial institutions.

AKB transcript

Most Often this abbreviation is used in cases when we are talking about the official spelling of their names, as in the case of a combination of letters "JSC". “battery” (corresponding to the most commonly used value - ‘joint-stock commercial Bank") - an acronym that can mean completely different businesses.

“battery”: an alternative interpretation

There are still some ways to interpret this combination of letters: “Association of credit brokers" (organizations and entrepreneurs engaged in intermediary services in obtaining loans) or "Agency corporate security” (in-house or outsourcing structure, which – to carry out a security activity, working to protect business information and other related functions). It is important, therefore, not to be mistaken in deciphering the letters “battery”, which can indicate the types of business entities are relevant to different fields.

“LTD” and “OJSC” such as popular form of business

A Very large prevalence in the Russian business practice are the two abbreviations. This is due to the ease of registering businesses under the two legal forms: the limited liability company and joint stock company – deciphering “LTD” and “OJSC”, respectively. Let us focus on the performance of these two types of enterprises. “LTD” – that is the (almost always created for the purpose of profit, that is commercial), which is working, based on the Charter. He has a capital which is divided between the founders of the business in agreed proportions. The founders of “LTD” is limited (not more than 50 persons).

Transcript LLC and OJSC

“OJSC” (corresponding to the abbreviation, by the way, is almost always required when drafting commercial contracts) – is a form of enterprise in which authorized capital is divided into shares – the securities that belong to the participants. Them without the consent of the other holders of shares in the company to sell, transfer or assign (give) to any other persons. To open the “LTD”, it is sufficient to have 10 thousand rubles to the authorized capital. Check the "JSC" will require an amount 10 times greater.

“Russian Railways” as an example of the brand in the form of “OJSC”

Perhaps, every Russian is familiar with the acronym JSC «Railways». The transcript of her simple – open joint stock company “Russian Railways”. Interesting history of this company, one of the largest passenger rail carriers in the world. In the modern legal form the company was registered only in 2003, but in fact its activities began in the times of the Russian Empire.

Russian Railways transcript

The First Railways of the country were managed by the Ministry of communications, founded in 1865, and with the formation of the USSR came the people's Commissariat of regulating the development of railway communication. The peak load values of the railroads of our country were recorded in 1988, but almost immediately began economic problems associated with restructuring. In the 90 years, began the work of the Ministry of Railways is now the Russian Federation. In the early 2000s, was approved the government program of reforms on the Railways, in which was established the state company «Railways»in its present form.

“OJSC” – what you need to big business

In the ranks of giant companies the most popular was this organizational and legal form, as “OJSC”. The decryption of the abbreviation, perhaps, do not even need a simple man – so this combination of letters is clear and common. The popularity of "JSC" in the environment of a large business due to the fact that the status companies, it's easier than, say, in the form of “ZAO” or “LTD”, attract investment capital. The most notable nuances of the functioning of the “OJSC” the next. We have already mentioned that the main instrument of the profit of joint stock companies – securities in "JSC" their owners could treat them as they wish, without the consent of the other parties.

JSC decoding acronyms

It is Also important to note that "JSC" may hold public sale of shares on stock exchanges, which is impossible when working in the status “ZAO”. An important condition of conducting business in an open joint stock company – annual publication of reports relating to accounting, profit and loss. If understanding what "JSC" of the transcript, in principle, not necessary, to study the actual work of the companies in this legal form, the interested person will have to thoroughly immerse themselves in the analysis of published documents.

Article in other languages:

AR: https://tostpost.com/ar/business/22488-oao.html

BE: https://tostpost.com/be/b-znes/39943-aat-rasshyfro-ka-abrev-yatury.html

DE: https://tostpost.com/de/business/39456-jsc-die-abk-rzung.html

ES: https://tostpost.com/es/centro-de/39223-la-sociedad-por-acciones-de-la-transcripci-n-de-las-abreviaturas.html

HI: https://tostpost.com/hi/business/24093-oao.html

JA: https://tostpost.com/ja/business/22065-oao-meaning-of-acronym.html

KK: https://tostpost.com/kk/biznes/40346-aa-abbreviaturalardy-toly-zhazyluy.html

PL: https://tostpost.com/pl/biznes/42163-oao-rozwini-cie-skr-tu.html

PT: https://tostpost.com/pt/neg-cios/41788-oao-decodifica-o-de-abreviaturas.html

TR: https://tostpost.com/tr/business/36877-jsc-de-ifre-k-saltmalar.html

UK: https://tostpost.com/uk/b-znes/40800-vat-rozshifrovka-abrev-aturi.html

ZH: https://tostpost.com/zh/business/25273-oao-meaning-of-acronym.html

Alin Trodden - author of the article, editor
"Hi, I'm Alin Trodden. I write texts, read books, and look for impressions. And I'm not bad at telling you about it. I am always happy to participate in interesting projects."

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