To help the student: definition, types and examples of antonyms

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2019-07-11 21:00:15

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examples of antonyms

Antonyms - are words different in sound and have the opposite values: false - true, the evil and the good, to be silent is to speak. Examples of antonyms to show that they belong to the same part of speech.

Antonymy in the Russian language presents a lot narrower than synonymy. This is due to the fact that antonymy relations are entering words that relate to quality (good - bad, native - alien, intelligent - stupid, thick - rare, high - low), temporal (day - night, early - late), quantitative (single - multiple, many - few), spatial (spacious - close, big - small, wide - narrow, high - low) criteria.

There are antonymy pairs, indicating the names of States, actions. Examples of the antonyms of this nature: to rejoice - to grieve, to cry, to laugh.

examples of antonyms in Russian

Types and examples of antonyms in Russian language

Antonyms in the structure are divided into raznostoronnie (morning - evening) and root (go - go). The opposite values from the same root antonyms is caused by consoles. However, remember that the addition to the qualitative adverbs and adjective prefixes Without, Not- in most cases gives them value weakened opposites (high - low), so the contrast of their values is "muted" (low - it does not mean "low"). On this basis, the antonyms can be attributed not prefixal, all education, but only those which are extreme points of the lexical paradigm: powerful - powerless, harmful - harmless, successful, failed.

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Antonyms as well as synonyms, are in close connection with polysemy: blank - serious (conversation); empty - full (Cup); empty - expressive (opinion); empty - content (story). Examples of antonyms show that different meanings of the word "blank" is included in various antonymy pair. Unambiguous words and words with specific meanings (Yamba, pencil, Desk, notebook, etc.) antonyms can not have.

There are among opposites, and the phenomenon of enantiosemy is the development of mutually exclusive opposite values of some polysemantic words: carry (into the room to bring) to bear (from the premises, carry); abandoned (the phrase just made) - abandoned (abandoned, forgotten). The value in such cases is specified in the context. Often enantiosemy is the reason for the ambiguity of certain expressions. Examples of the antonyms of this sort: he listened to the report; the Director watched these lines.

contextual antonyms examplesContextual antonyms: examples definition

Contextual antonyms are words that contrasted in context: moonlight - sunlight; not a mother and a daughter; one day - all of life; wolves - sheep. The polarity of the values of such words in language is not fixed, and their opposition is individually copyrighted decision. The writer in such cases, identify the opposite quality of the various concepts and contrasts in their speech. However, such pairs of words are antonyms.

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