In the study of morphology to students of every school level is to study the parts of speech. Regular and irregular adjective kids learn in the fifth grade. Their features discuss in detail.
This group of parts of speech differs with its beauty and elegance. Without it there is no text, even if the scientific content. Adjectives help us to describe size (long, large, tiny), to talk about someone's appearance (cute, redheaded), specify color (white, yellow, blue, purple) to identify feelings (sad, happy, angry).
In the initial form it is used in the masculine singular. The main questions that it answers: What? whose? in that version you can find the specific word in spelling or the dictionary.
In the Russian language is the concept of “permanent and non-permanent signs”. It means that every part of speech has a complex of certain qualities and characteristics that must be examined. And the adjective in this case is no exception.
Any competent student knows that all parts of speech have their own characteristics.
Quite difficult to learn are permanent and non-permanent adjective.
Refer To the first digits. Usually they are divided into three groups.
The Most productive category are qualitative adjectives. Judging from the name we can understand that they are meant to describe certain characteristics of objects.
They differ from other discharges that can form by truncating the end of the short forms.
For Example: great - great, permanent – permanent, bright-bright.
One other special honors – the ability to compare one thing with another. In linguistics this is called degree of comparison.
For Example: cool – cooler (cooler) – prokhladnyy (the coolest).
These features distinguish qualitative adjectives from all the others. No one category has so many possibilities.
Remember, if in doubt, it is permanent and non-permanent adjective, remember that the former include only digits.
The Next group is different from the other question. Only possessive adjectives can answer the question “Whose?”. This category identifies any animal or human.
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For Example: wolf's trail, shark eyes.
The Last group – is a relative adjective. They tell you what time or place is the word. For example: spring thaw (season), swimming pool (destiny), forest coolness (the place).
All the characteristics that under the influence of something can change, called unstable. In contrast to the discharges, these may deviate from the initial version.
It is Necessary to distinguish between regular and irregular adjective.
The First thing you need to call, this kind. All of them (male, intermediate and female) inherent in the adjective and the name.
For Example: wall – dark – water.
The Following is the number. This part of speech used both in singular or in plural: any miscellaneous.
And, of course, adjectives are inflected for all cases. In this it is similar to a noun.
Such categories as the degree of comparison and the ability to reduce the form, refer only to qualitative adjectives. The other digits can't do that.
Signs of adjectives (regular and irregular) point during morphological analysis. His plan will specify below in the article.
Regular and irregular adjective are studied in greater detail on the lessons of the Russian language.
In Addition, discuss in detail all possible syntactic functions.
Because it answers the question ‘what?”, then, as a rule, plays the role definitions.
For Example: a Warm summer evening we will remember for a long time.
In the case when the adjective assumes the function of action, it will be the predicate.
Example: the Dress was mottled.
Sometimes in the Russian language is the phenomenon of transition of one part of speech to another. For example, the word "canteen" used to be an adjective. Now it is more often used as a noun, therefore in the nominative case performs the role of subject, and indirectly – Supplement.
Before you show the example, it is necessary to develop a plan that will help avoid confusion in the signs.
Example: In a cozy house located guests.
Now you can parse yourself. Be careful, adjectives are often confused with participles....
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Alin Trodden - author of the article, editor
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