To escape from everyday problems, each person chooses something for everyone. Today, especially popular among lovers of needlework enjoys knitting. Marking of loops for this type of needlework is considered to be almost universally accepted, with some only minor refinements. However, if you master the basic options for the graphical image loops, reading schemes will not be easy. Will just have to keep under control the number of working loops and to periodically check pattern.
Can't Find a knitting pattern of any complexity will not be difficult. Experienced knitters, and not almost always ready to share secrets. For communication there are separate websites organize special forums, publishes various magazines, where you can find not only the diagrams but also photographs of finished products, and provides advice and guidance. But in order to repeat the pattern with their own hands, you need to understand the marking of the loops. Spokes vymazyvaja only three main loops and their notations we will consider in this article.
For knitting schemes are essential, however, as for other types of knitting. They provide repeat accuracy of a specific pattern. Very few people succeed without the accurate reproduction of a graphic image. You need to have dostatochny experience and a good imagination. And besides, with this purpose, almost certainly, will have to dissolve the sample available. But this eliminates the possibility of errors. Because if something goes wrong, fixing the situation will be difficult. That is why the use of diagrams at knitting is the simplest and preferred option.
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It Can be argued that, regardless of what the source has been found for the scheme, anyone who knows the legend of loops, will be able to perform the pattern. Even if you've used a foreign resource, and read comments to perform crochet there is no possibility (because of the language barrier).
To learn the basics of knitting, you need to master only three major loops: the front, purl and yo. The diversity of patterns is done of them in different combination and versions. Consider the common designation of the example table below.
Every form of loops, despite the fact that there are only three, has its main purpose. If the reverse is mainly used to execute the reverse side of the product, or highlighting certain elements, the front loop - this is the basis for knitting. Variations of this loop are considered to be crossed, perevezennya two or three loops, deflated, elongated. They can be tilted right or left, it all depends on the complexity and symmetry of the figure. And finally, yo - it is used when you want to add a certain number of loops, and to perform delicate patterns.
We Begin with the most simple and popular kind of hinge - front. This species is considered the most common, because with the front loops is executed a huge number of options, which give the opportunity to obtain such a variety of patterns. They are used when performing the simplest options: for hosiery or garter of knitting, and to create very complex images.
As difficult as it seemed to pattern at first glance, repeating his performance several times, further work can be done literally on an intuitive level. Although almost everywhere the symbol of the loops when knitting is similar, with some nuances still worth remembering.
Get started knitting a new, unfamiliar pattern, the knitter carries a small sample. It will help to calculate the required number of loops for the product, and also allow you to understand the technique of the picture. The front hinge is generally indicated by a vertical dash or empty cell.
Schema as a rule, are based on the visual perception of the figure. So often for its visual representation requires the allocation of such areas in the diagram, which for illustration are of no practical importance. And then the empty cells are denoted by these places. It should be remembered, since non-compliance with this nuance cannot knit properly. The picture will not work because the loop will not fall into their allotted place.
The Other most common type of hinge is considered wrong. On diagrams it is represented by a horizontal dash. That designation hinges on the scheme resembles their real appearance when knitting. As mentioned above, both the front and reverse loops are equally important when knitting, because the use of different options and their combinations enables to obtain the various, quite diverse patterns.
And the third type of loops in knitting is considered yo. In fact, the loop it can be called very conditional. This is just a thread thrown over the needle with the aimfurther vyvazhivanija out of her loop. In the diagrams, it is just a circle. When performing complex products are often used as contraction of product, and expansion. In this case, comes to help yo.
Once yo is used for knitting fishnet patterns. Due to the fact that it occurs where earlier hinges were not, it gives a certain lightness and the looseness of the pattern. And if it is observed the right combination of thickness of the thread and diameter of spokes, you can generate incredibly beautiful, literally weightless products.
As noted above, there are various combinations of main loops when knitting. Scheme patterns may contain symbols other than the above.
For Example, if the picture involves a tilt of the loops to the right or to the left, then the main loop promazyvaetsya according to some rules. Technique of knitting will be slightly different.
To tilt the front loop to the left, you must first remove one nepovezane on the working needle, and then, provyazat next, stretch it across the removed. And in order to achieve a tilt of the loops to the right, you need to enter the needle under the second loop, and, taking her previous, at the same time knit into them. It should be noted that the implementation of this combination of inclinations, especially for under-skilled craftsmen, not just. You have to constantly check in with the scheme of the pattern. And the fact that the marking of the loops when knitting is universal, greatly simplifying the process of perception of the scheme.
The same techniques can be used not one, but for promazyvanija pairs of loops.
In the diagram, these variants are indicated by the respective slopes in the direction in which they should be performed. Much less such tilts are denoted by a triangle indicating the direction of slope.
There is Still a very important point for understanding how the marking of the loops when knitting. Spokes can not perform all the variants of loops. Sometimes with this purpose, additional working knitting needles, hooks or pins. They help not to lose the loop, which should promazyvaetsya after those that are farther away on the auxiliary pin.
Three lines having a common vertex, say that three loops is also promazyvaetsya in a special way. Similarly, the slopes, one loop is removed nepovezane. Then, two loops promazyvaetsya together the front and stretch through the removed. Thus, we get a pyramid with a common vertex, which is similar to the symbol on the diagram.
Thus, we came to the conclusion that each loop in the process of knitting plays a role. Therefore special importance is the marking of the loops when knitting. It is only strict adherence to a scheme can provide a certain picture of the finished product.
Knitting is not just a manufacturer of various things, it is also a creative process. It is difficult to imagine that getting such a huge number of different patterns is possible by use of various embodiments of all of the three main loops. Each knitter can come up with your special version of the pattern (pre-existing practice). And then, perhaps, your circuit performance will recommend each other fans of needlework.
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