What is the symptom of tuberculosis in children considered to be the beginning of the disease?

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2022-09-14 11:59:20

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Tuberculosis, like every disease, has its own signs and symptoms. They relate to the general condition of the child and the results that the examinations showed. It is impossible to say that a single symptom of tuberculosis in children is a 100% disease.tuberculosis symptom in children

Sometimes parents are faced with the fact that if after Mantoux vaccination the trace is more than the norm, children are suspended from school or banned from attending a group in kindergarten. The only "wrong" reaction of the Mantoux - tuberculin test - it doesn't mean anything yet.

Mantoux can increase for many reasons.

  • The vaccination was wetted or rubbed.
  • An injection was given to a child whose condition was "borderline", at the beginning or after the illness.
  • In the presence of helminthic invasion.
  • There is an allergic reaction to tuberculin, or the vaccination coincided with an allergy to another factor.

Symptoms of tuberculosis in children

They give suspicion of pulmonary tuberculosis, the symptoms in children are as follows (if they coincide in time of manifestation):

  • General weakness. The child refuses to play, tries to rest.
  • Poor appetite.
  • Constant sweating, especially wet palms should strain.
  • The temperature steadily rises to 37.5 degrees in the evening.
  • The baby has constant moods, mood swings.
  • Enlarged lymph nodes.tuberculosis in children symptoms photo

Each sign individually cannot be defined as a symptom of tuberculosis in children, but their combination should force you to see a doctor.

If, during further examination, a detailed blood test shows a high ESR, and ultrasound of the internal organs shows their increase, we can talk about the disease.

This can only be established by a doctor, after tests and examinations, including a Mantoux test, which was done with proper control. pulmonary tuberculosis symptoms in children

If the injection trace:

  • exceeds the size of the BCG scar in 2 years – vaccinations against tuberculosis made at birth - by 6 mm, or a positive reaction;
  • in 3-5 years, a change to a positive one, or the spot itself with a formed papule of more than 12 mm;
  • And by 7 exceeds 14 mm, with an increase from the last sample by 6 mm,

Then it can be assumed that this is a symptom of tuberculosis in children.

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Tuberculosis infection

Most often children become infected with Koch's bacillus – tuberculosis bacillus - from adults suffering from the disease in an open form. It is quite likely to catch the infection through the objects that the infected person used. Babies "absorb" the infection from a sick mother.

Tuberculosis bacillus does not always affect the lungs. It spreads through the bloodstream throughout the body, settles in the spleen, liver, kidneys, brain and other organs, including the bone system.

You can see tuberculosis in children on an X-ray, symptoms. Photo – X-ray, will show a picture that accurately tells about the presence of cavities in the lungs. With the help of X-rays, the process developing in the kidneys and bone system is also visible. pulmonary tuberculosis symptoms in children

Sometimes a child does not notice the manifestations of the disease for a very long time. This happens if the disease begins with a sluggish form. In addition to excessive fatigue, which parents explain by overloading children during classes, and weight loss, there are no other symptoms. Children complain that it hurts to walk, and they begin to look for arthritis and rheumatism. But there are cases of acute infection, when the symptom of tuberculosis in children takes the form of a seasonal viral infection, there is a high fever and cough, lymph nodes increase. All this lasts much longer in time than during the flu or acute respiratory infections.

If the fever and cough persist for more than a week, you should definitely call a doctor. After 2 weeks, streaks of blood may appear in the sputum released during coughing, and it will be more difficult to treat such a disease. Tuberculosis, detected at an early stage, is treatable and does not cause complications.


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Alin Trodden - author of the article, editor
"Hi, I'm Alin Trodden. I write texts, read books, and look for impressions. And I'm not bad at telling you about it. I am always happy to participate in interesting projects."

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