Normally, when one of the family members has a runny nose, almost no one pays attention to it. Having dripped your nose several times with cheap pharmacy drops, you can easily cope with this scourge. But only if we are not talking about newborn babies. And how to treat a runny nose in infants? Let's hear what experts say on this topic.
Attention! The article is informational in nature and cannot be used to make a diagnosis, prescribe treatment and does not replace a doctor's appointment.
First of all, you need to get rid of the mucus accumulated in the spout with the help of a special simple tool called an aspirator. The aspirator looks like a medium-sized container with a rounded silicone tip. This tip needs to be pressed against the baby's nostril, the mucus immediately gets into a closed container when pumping out. Of course, it is impossible to cure a runny nose in this way, but it is quite possible to help the baby breathe.
In addition, it is important not to allow the mucus to thicken or dry up. If the child breathes easier while bathing or walking, it means that the air in your apartment is too dry. This often happens at the height of the heating season. This problem can be dealt with with the help of special humidifiers or more affordable means: wet rags on batteries, placed wide containers with water and regular ventilation.
How to treat a runny nose in infants? To begin with, experts recommend paying attention to folk remedies that do not contain any chemical additives. For example, you can apply a salt solution. In 100 grams of water, half a teaspoon of salt is dissolved (preferably sea food). 2-3 drops of warm solution should be dripped into the baby's nose. If the procedure is performed for the first time, the child may sneeze and cough, the procedure itself will be quite painful for him, but after several times the mucosa will get used to such an effect. You need to drip every 30-60 minutes.
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Speaking about how to treat a runny nose in infants, it is also worth noting that you can enhance the effectiveness of the saline solution by adding onion or beet juice to it. Onion juice is added to the water in a ratio of 1:10, and beetroot – 1:5. This will help to cure a runny nose much faster.
There is also a painless way to cope with a runny nose. You will need a solution (oil) of vitamin A. You can buy it at almost any pharmacy. Vitamin A helps strengthen and restore the mucous membranes, relieves irritation. For the same purpose, some mothers lubricate their children's nasal passages with sea buckthorn oil.
A runny nose in a child (3 months - 1 year) can be treated with garlic oil. Two cloves of garlic need to be crushed, and then pour sterilized vegetable oil (50 grams). The medicine should be infused for a day, and then 2-3 times a day you need to lubricate the spout of crumbs with it.
In young children there is a specific type of rhinitis, the so-called physiological runny nose. This is due to the peculiarity of the structure of the nasal cavity in newborns.
Goblet cells that produce mucus are just getting used to working in a new mode, so they produce a secret in large quantities. The narrow nasal passages of the baby are clogged with this mucus.At the same time, the snot is liquid, transparent and outwardly such a picture resembles a runny nose, but with one difference. Except for snot in the nose, nothing bothers the child. He is cheerful, sleeps well, eats normally, and his temperature is kept within normal limits.
With a viral or bacterial runny nose in an infant, the picture of the disease changes dramatically. A feature of rhinitis in children under one year old is the predominance of general symptoms over local ones.An immature immune system immediately triggers a general inflammatory reaction, and a banal runny nose causes fever, cough, weakness, lack of appetite, vomiting, diarrhea, moodiness and other symptoms that frighten parents.
An inexperienced mother may not immediately understand that the cause of this condition was ordinary snot, and not some serious illness unknown to science.
What types of runny nose can bother a newborn:
To treat snot in infants begin as soon as possible from the first signs of the disease. Depending on the type of rhinitis, the optimal regimen and therapy regimen are selected. Before starting treatment, the child should be shown to a doctor to find out the cause of a runny nose and select the necessary medications.Let's consider the general principles of therapy of different types of rhinitis in newborns. Some points must be observed for any type of runny nose, while others will differ significantly depending on the cause of the disease.
It is not necessary to treat a runny nose in a baby caused by anatomical features in most cases. If there is too much mucus and it prevents the child from breathing fully, then its excess is removed with the help of special nozzle pumps or cotton flagella.
In addition to removing snot, with a physiological runny nose, it is recommended to maintain a normal temperature and humidity in the child's room and periodically moisten the nasal mucosa with saline solution.
In addition to the above remedies, other local medications are also used to treat a runny nose at different stages in children:
How to treat a runny nose in a baby and at the same time not harm your child. You need to remember some rules:
Is it necessary to treat snot in children, some adults think, because it is known that even without medications, rhinitis goes away by itself in a week. In children, everything proceeds differently, even a slight violation of nasal breathing leads to a deterioration in the general condition and refusal to eat.
The baby may become dehydrated and even convulsions. In addition, there are problems with sleep, the baby becomes sluggish and moody.
When a baby has snot in the nasopharynx, they can flow down the back of the throat into the esophagus, and cause coughing attacks and infection of the underlying respiratory tract (causing pharyngitis, laryngitis, etc.).
Often a runny nose gives complications to the eyes and causes severe conjunctivitis. With weakened immunity, a banal runny nose can cause meningitis, sepsis and other lethal complications, so it is necessary to treat it in children.
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Alin Trodden - author of the article, editor
"Hi, I'm Alin Trodden. I write texts, read books, and look for impressions. And I'm not bad at telling you about it. I am always happy to participate in interesting projects."
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