The First Church North of the capital was built on the personal orders of the Emperor at the beginning of the eighteenth century. But after eight years of construction the temple Was consecrated. Later his status was raised, the result is the Holy Trinity Cathedral was the main in the city on the Neva. Holy Trinity was the first patron Saint of the Northern capital, so it was dedicated to the temple. In the history of our country it was very significant, as it ascended the throne of the first Emperor, Peter the Great, here was the king's orders.
Today, the Cathedral, which gave the name of the square does not exist. And once it was the center of city life, because it was surrounded by major commercial and government offices.
The First Russian Emperor personally took care of him, even personally took part in its construction. That is why in a wooden temple there was a memorial plaque, which read that it was built by the Emperor in honor of the victory at Vyborg over the Swedes.
The Church was built by architect Domenico Trezzini. Before this Church for a long time were held masquerades, mass celebrations, parades and parades of troops. The bell tower was fortified clock that was removed from Moscow Sukharev tower.
Here was held in the presence of the Royal family all the significant public solemn service (a peace Treaty with the Swedes and the end of the Northern war) and the Emperor granted the title of Emperor. Then occurred the funeral of Alexei and the announcement of the heir to the throne, Prince Peter. In the Cathedral for long time remained the main Shrine of the city-the Kazan icon of the Mother of God.
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Being wood, the Trinity Cathedral in St. Petersburg pretty quickly dilapidated. As a result, after twenty-one years after the erection of the Office from the construction, it was decided to remove the clock and time bell. And after six years because of the inability to repair was cracked and removed the listing due to weather conditions the cross. At the same time was issued a decree on the construction of the stone Church, but, unfortunately, this project was not implemented.
According to the will of Elizabeth, the Cathedral was demolished and in its place was built the new Church by Herman van Boles. Consecrated in may 1746 Trinity Cathedral in St. Petersburg was similar to the one that was in Peter's day. It was a two frame two logs with lime pouring between them. The building was sheathed with boards on the outside. It was painted with oil paint and plastered inside. The roof was covered with iron sheets, and two-tiered bell tower was rounded off with a bulbous head. Another crowned with a dome above the main volume of the temple, the diameter of which was equal to its area.
Later, on the orders of the Office, Trinity Cathedral was surrounded by a fence, which prevented people walking in area for the cattle. But after a year and a half after the consecration of the temple burned to the ground.
Five years after the fire, the Empress Elizabeth ordered to move the house from the Summer garden (used material) on the site of the burned Church. As a result, the drawing van Boles the Cathedral was again restored.
Construction took place in the Volkov project, but despite the desire to recreate the building in its present form, internal layout and size and appearance of the Trinity Cathedral in Saint Petersburg differed significantly from the old. He was much less of Peter's Church.
A hundred years after the construction of the main temple in the Northern capital he once again needed a restoration. It was held under the guidance of architect Rusca, through which the Cathedral was warm, with double log walls, the spaces between them were filled with lime. And twenty years after that Philippi had to repair the damage caused by the floods.
Trinity Cathedral in Saint Petersburg was restored once again by order of the Emperor-reformer Alexander II. Under the temple were announced on the Foundation of stone and built a new tower. But, at the behest of the ruler, the Cathedral of forever was to remain wooden.
In the early twentieth century the Church was again damaged by fire that originated from a faulty flue pipes. As a consequence, suffered the belfry and vestibule, dome, attic, roof, untouched remained only the altar part. Due to the heavy fire the bells melted. After this, services were held in a temporary temple stood to the very end of the restoration.
The Famous architects of that time tried to convince the authorities of inappropriate restoration of the Cathedral in the pre-fire form. As a result it was decided to carry out the plans that occurred in the past centuries, the construction of a stone Church. The building Committee for its erection was headed by Prince John Konstantinovich, and patronized over him personally by the Empress. Before masters were delivered incredibly complex political and artistic task – to buildthe great temple, which the country still was not.
In the announced competition for the best project involved six architects working in the neo-Russian style. The result is the best the judges have recognized the work of intercession. But the final decision was still with the Empress, who has delivered projects of all authors in the Tsarskoye Selo Alexander Palace.
The Means by which the restoration took place of the temple, stood out under the supervision of Restoration workshop of the Leningrad branch of Glavnauka. A restoration project made by Kalininym based on historical documents.
For more monumentalist Trinity Cathedral in St. Petersburg has received thirteen chapters, nine of which covered the temple, and four are reserved for the accommodation of bells. The main dome with the cross had a height of thirty-five fathoms. The facade is divided in seven parts on each side.
As for the surviving remnants of the pre-fire Church, they, by the decision of the Synod was to pass under the courtyard of the Kazan Ambrosiella at the shamordino monastery in Strelna. This was done against the opinion of the Commission of the Emperor, but because of the poverty of this on his opinion is not taken into account.
But six months before the revolution, John K. refused the position of Chairman of the Committee. A few days later, an unknown person made a request to the Provisional Government with a request to give back the restoration project Katonina. In the end, these documents Holy Trinity Cathedral was restored in that kind what it was before the last fire.
It beautiful with the squat dome of the building for a long time was a landmark of the city on the Neva river and the monument to his social and spiritual life. Despite recent restoration, the Church was closed, and a few years later, by the decision of the Executive Committee, was demolished Holy Trinity Cathedral. Saint Petersburg with its Trinity square was remodeled, and the place once stood the temple built a new building with the surrounding lawn.
About twenty years ago, the idea of the restoration of the Church was actively discussed, but several reasons prevented its implementation. At the beginning of our century on the corner of the square was built a small chapel in honor of the blessed Trinity.
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