Today, there are many different football schemes. They are used by different coaches around the world. Teams play three, four or even five defenders. They can put three forwards and a single one. Some of the schemes are common, others – experimental. At the same time some of them have become legendary and made history. For example, the so-called Brazilian system. This tactic is already almost nobody uses. However, fifty years ago, it was one of the most popular and successful in the world. But what is the Brazilian system?
For anybody not a secret that from one team on the field playing eleven. And with this number of athletes and coaches have to experiment. One of the most outstanding differences of the new scheme, which ended up with the name “the Brazilian system”, was the fact that defenders in the team became on one more. Until the fifties of the last century in most cases, teams played in three fobeka. While new construction has led to the fact that the defenders became four – two outer and two Central.
Today the building is the most common. Although, as mentioned earlier, there are teams that play with three defenders. And even in five. Over the four folakemi play two Central Midfielders. And above them is built a full attack line of four attackers. Each of the zones, which created the Brazilian system will be described in more detail later. And now it's time to look at how it originated.
This build can be described with standard digital indicator for football schemes – 4-2-4 (four-two-four). What are you talking about? Have in mind that the match involved four defenders, two Midfielders and four strikers. But no one played before 1950. The emergence of this scheme I was surprised and impressed the football world. One of the most famous stories regarding this building and his birth is the arrival of the national team of Hungary on a visit to the founders of the popular game – the British. Until 1953 England have never lost to any European team. But then came Hungary. She suddenly decided to show a very unusual tactical approach.
The nominal centre-forward Hungarians due to the fact that the line of attack was three other people, was delayed almost to the Central circle. He took along a Central defender of the British, who were ordered to take care of it individually. He did not understand what was happening. He wasn't ready for something like that, so I left a blank space that was used by other Hungarian attackers. In the end, the match ended with the score 6:3 in favor of the Hungarians. They were among the first European players started to play according to the scheme, referred to as “four-two-four”. This was the beginning of the formation of this build. On peak of popularity it was published in 1958, when the Brazilian team using it won the World Cup. So, it's time to disassemble each zone scheme separately to better understand how it works.
Football rules do not prohibit the goalkeeper to take part in field actions. There are goalkeepers-sweeper. They are not tied to the goal line and play the role of additional counsel-the cleaner. History is replete with goalkeepers who were regular penalty kickers in their teams. And Jose-Luis Chilavert, goalkeeper of Paraguay, entered the history of those that played even a penalty for his team.
But the Brazilian system goalie plays the usual role. He stands at the gate and must protect them from conceding a goal. In principle, the presence of not three but four defenders need to the goalkeeper played the role of Liberia, no. Therefore there is nothing surprising. Football rules may not prohibit the Keeper to leave the penalty area. But to make it no one will.
The Protective order in the circuit has changed very much. This formation is often referred to as “plan Revie” in honor of the British footballer «Manchester city» don Revie. He was one of the first and most striking of athletes who performed the role of the striker, pulls on itself, the Central fobeka of the enemy. Similar with the protection to do was impossible. Indeed, the presence of the second Central fobeka meant that in the caseenemy attacks one of them can come to grips with the forward of the enemy. While the other defender will have to back him up, that is, the holes in the center were formed.
Flanking fulbari in this scheme, unlike modern football, served in the main only defensive function. They prevent the attack, and also worked on extra safety net that a Central defender who played closer to them. Tactical formation in football all the time evolyutsioniruet. So now fullbacks often help in the attack. Sometimes they even replace the wingers, ploughing all the edge from his penalty area. But the Brazilian system defenders only defended.
The Two Midfielders were given more freedom. They were universal players – could help protect the destruction and, if necessary, were sent forward to carry out his creative work.
Of Course, more has changed the attack. Four attackers – this incredible power. It allows teams practicing this scheme, to score very much. But the presence of four players of protection did not allow them to miss too much. The main figure was one of the two Central Talbakov. He played pull forward. And took along closer to the midfield Central defender opponent to give chance to three other attackers to score a goal.
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