Previously, the local network was considered to be a means to bring the computers together which were used exclusively in small and large offices or enterprises, the current development of network technology to create a private network in a jiffy and at home. Next, you will learn how to set up a local network in two versions, which can be called the most simple and not demanding special knowledge in the creation and set up. For a basis we take the Windows system as we have they are the most common.
So, where to start? First of all, you need to understand that all computers that will connect to the future network must be in the same workgroup, otherwise, when connected together, they will not be recognised. By default, Windows are mainly used two types of names: MSHOME or WORKGROUP, although the names of the computers themselves can be changed at will.
To configure a local network between computers, you must first set the same workgroup name on all stationary terminals and laptops. In principle, to access the settings through the “control Panel”, where the selected section of the system and security and then moves to the section «System». However, as practice shows, the easiest way to use the console “Run”, which introduces a reduction sysdm.cpl (for Windows modifications from the seventh to the tenth).
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In the appeared window we are interested in the computer name field. Enter any name, and then click modify an existing default group and enter the name of the new group, different from what is used by default. In both cases, use only the Latin alphabet. Such actions should be performed on all terminals (so the group name is the same), then all of them to reload.
In order to configure the local network in the 7 th version of the system above, you should check the settings of IPv4 Protocol. To do this, go to network and sharing in the “control Panel”, choose edit network adapter properties and in the properties use the configuration of the specified Protocol.
Usually all present there the parameters are set to automatically obtain. But in our case it is better to set static addresses on all the connected computers must be different between the last value. For example, if one terminal is set to the internal address starting with 192.168 combination, followed by 0 or 5, for the other, as the last value, you can use seven. And so for all computers (values can range from 1-255). Obtaining addresses of DNS servers can be left in automatic mode, but definitely in the advanced settings to disable the use proxy for local addresses, if this option is activated.
Now the question of how to configure the local network that involves carrying out actions that will enable computers to become visible in the network to share files and folders, watch movies or play on the network.
To do this in the same section of the network management selected additional options, and for all terminals is set active item enable network discovery with the activation of the line auto-configuration on network devices.
After that navigate to advanced settings, select "All networks", and disable sharing with password protection.
As you can see, to set up a local network on Windows 7 or higher, simply. But that's not all. Now it needs to be done so that the terminals were visible shared folders where you store files that can be shared.
Select the desired folder through the right mouse button use properties make the transition to the access tab, click advanced configuration. Now check the string of access permissions at the top and select the desired privileges. Save the changes, go to the security tab, click the edit button and a new window – added.
Specify the name of computer or group (usually “All”) and select the check boxes for the permissions that were used in the past. Again, save the changes, and then in a “Conductor” the selected directory and its contents will become visible. This configuration can be considered complete.
Now a few words regarding the LAN settings using the router. The first thingyou need to check is there a connection between connected to the router devices based on the wireless connection.
How to set local network? The router in this case we need only to determine the addresses of connected devices, and its main parameters can not touch. First, log in to the web interface of the router through any web browser and enter in the address bar 192.168.0.1 or 1.1, go to sections and DHCP DHCP Clients List. In the list will be presented to all the connected computers by specifying their IP addresses. Note the address of the terminal that you want to validate.
Now open a command prompt (cmd) type ping, followed after a space of the desired address. If pinging started, you can continue on.
As in the previous embodiment, the network configuration, check the working group, and if necessary – change it. Now under network management select network, which has the status of a home. If you have a public network, change its type.
After that right click the hyperlink, ready to create, and in a new window “Wizard” use the button to create a HomeGroup.
Now the question how to set up the local network implies the selection of items you intend to share. In the settings window, they will be divided into categories (images, music, video, printers, etc.).
Check what is required, and after the transition to the next window, click “Ready”. Next, you will configure total access to the selected folder, but to examine this question, we will not, because the procedure is completely analogous to what was described above.
Finally, a few words about additional measures, the application of which in some cases allows to fix a lot of issues and fix problems. If the settings of the IPv4 Protocol are set correctly, but the connection between the terminals and you getting DNS addresses put on automatic mode, try to use a free combination of Google, consisting of variations of eights and fours (e.g., of the server – four eights, for an alternative – two eights and two fours).
In some cases, if the ISP does not support IPv6 service due to the lack of a DHCP server of the sixth version, its use should be disable by ticking the corresponding row in the network adapter settings.
In the case of wireless connection based on the router may be the problem: check ping through the command console does not work. Usually the cause is software (at least software products ESET can produce this kind of lock). Thus, before setting ping just temporarily disable antivirus installed.
That's all about how to set up a local network. It seems that neither in the first nor in the second case, any difficulties should arise. But what variant to prefer? Apparently, more simple, the network is based on wireless connection. However, his only problem is that the router supports a limited number of concurrent connections and the network as described in the first embodiment, such conventions.
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