Art has always existed and will exist. It's not just creativity that is the soul of one person and the entire nation. Can appear here everyday emotions that can be felt only once. Paintings, sculptures, music – all of this can tell us about the history of the nation, its worries and doubts. Clearly this conveys the battle genre in the visual arts.
The term appeared in the Renaissance. Reaches greatest popularity in the 17th and 18th centuries. Battle genre in the visual arts tells about war and military life. In the paintings of this kind are shown fighting on land, at sea and camping soldiers. The main task of the artist is not just to show the scene or the heroics of war, but also to reveal the true meaning and historical context of the events.
Indirectly, battle genre in the visual arts is historic. But scenes of military life can be attributed to the domestic genre. In addition, art ballistica contains landscapes, portraits, animalism, still life. Pictures do not convey the nature of the battles, but show all sorts of tiny details that the audience does not know.
As mentioned earlier, battle genre in the visual arts began in the 16th century. Although the image of the fighting has been known for a very long time: East, Ancient Greece, Ancient Rome. Then you could find unusual reliefs on which were displayed the invincible and formidable rulers and was seen in the siege of fortresses or a procession of warriors.
And Later began to be of the painted vases of Ancient Greece, which were also designed by the artists battle genre. The image of the battle can be found on the triumphal arches, rugs, portrait miniatures, tapestries, etc.
It was in the Renaissance attempts to work with ballistics become more efficient. Especially has this been the artists from Italy. In addition to the fictional battle scenes, there began to appear captured the actual events of the battle.
In Russia, this genre emerged in the 18th century, during the reign of Peter I. the Artists tried to convey not only the historical basis of the battle, but mainly to show the patriotism, the courage of the warriors and worship before their heroism. The same subject continued Russian artists until the 20th century. No wonder that the Great Patriotic war became a new stage in the development of ballistic. Not only in art but also in music, literature and architecture.
At the time of the battle genre in the visual arts were of great importance. Nothing good this is could not be. Nevertheless, wars have inspired artists. Everyone was trying to create something epic and huge, that could be remembered forever.
Of Course, during the history, there was not one artist, the painter, who was able to convey not just a historical event, but also its character and power. Popular artists can distinguish Alexander Sauerweid, Bogdan Villevalde, Alphonse de Neuville, Vasily Vereshchagin, Nikolay Karazin Kharkiv national University, Ivan Nikitin, and, of course, Franz Roubaud. The list is endless. Some of the creators who decided to celebrate the historic-battle genre, we'll talk more.
The Russian academic battle painting gave us many outstanding artists. Each of them became famous for their creations. The most successful and well-known in this area is considered to be Franz Roubaud. He was born in 1856 in Odessa and from childhood has gone the way of the artist. He studied at the Munich Academy, and on arrival home went to the Caucasus to create.
Franz Roubaud in 1885 began a series of works for the military Museum. Immediately after the 17 paintings he began for the next one. The most famous and battle cloth was “Storming aul Ahulgo”. This is not the only well-known panorama painter. There are also two stunning works «Sevastopol» and «Borodino”.
Franz Alekseevich Roubaud, the author of the painting “Storming aul Ahulgo”. This panorama was written in 1888. The plot of the paintings is the Assembly point of Shamil – Ahulgo. In 1839 here come the Russian troops. They began the siege of the village, but were able to successfully complete only six months. The picture shows the assault Ahulgo.
The Main highlight of the panorama is its stunning landscape. This time the artist spent a lot of time. Before the audience the extraordinary gorge of the cliffs. The main events take place on the sides and the top. In the left corner you can seegated village. On the opposite side is Russian infantry crossing the narrow bridge. One of the soldiers of the weapon, and the painter could accurately and most likely to convey his emotions.
The rocks at Russian soldiers shot the highlanders, and the women throw stones. Is on the canvas and the most active place. Here one immediately notices the old man who is fanatically trying to defend himself, brandishing a banner. Near the site of the battle is already one can see the dead and wounded soldiers. The picture is expressive and exciting events very clearly and effectively.
Ivan Nikitin presumably was born in 1688 in Moscow. His fate is not much known. Painter studied persistently, and at the time became known to Peter I. the King was proud and had high hopes. He liked the work of Nikitin, who at that time was doing portraits. The earliest painting is the image of Natalia Alexeyevna, sister of Peter I. After he painted portraits of many relatives and friends of the king.
It would Seem that his phenomenal skills in the portrait genre could not praise him more. Nevertheless, Nikitin has successfully managed to try myself in ballistic. So a picture of the “battle of Kulikovo”.
It is Assumed that the first canvas Nikitina in this genre was the “battle of Poltava”. It the artist wrote about in 1727. The picture was taken, the canvas square shape size “near three yards”. Work it took the artist about 2 months. For it he received 80 rubles. And yet she is not known as a picture «Kulikovo battle”.
In this panorama shows a very peculiar artist. He not only wrote his vision, but also used the work of other artists. He was also an educated man and therefore knew the famous classical works. The basis of his “copy” was the engraving by Antonio Tempesta.
The Painter did not try to imitate someone else. It is evident that he consciously used the material in order to create great work. Obviously, ‘the battle of Kulikovo” is not a copy of an engraving by Tempesta with a biblical story. Nikitin was able to remove everything he doesn't need to alter the characters and add to its style.
Occurs Before the audience the famous battle. Immediately we notice Dmitriya Donskogo, Vorontsov, prozorovskiy. Next you can see several famous princes: Belozersky and Relight. Latest grapples the enemy Chelubey. In General there are many legends about this couple. There is evidence that they both kill each other with spears. There is a story in which Peresvet showing your fighting skills and kills Chelubey.
All the details in the paintings met. Nikitin tries to identify the characters. Their boards and clothes are inscriptions and coats of arms. You can see and sayings that soldiers go into battle. But the main task Nikitina was to convey the idea that victory in the battle of Kulikovo was won not only princes, but also a huge crowd of soldiers fighting in the background. Their countless number. The army rushes into battle. These characters, which is barely visible, the main characters of the battle.
Examples of battle genre can be found in many artists who have been affected by any war. Nikolay Karazin was a prominent painter who worked as a war correspondent. That is what helped him get enough military mood and eventually “flick” his canvases. Connoisseurs can learn it in the pictures “the Capture of Tashkent”, “Teke expedition of 1881. The storming of Geok-Tepe,” etc.
Vasily Vereshchagin not only a painter, but also known writer. He received his artistic education during trips around the world. His most popular painting is the painting "the Apotheosis of war”. He was the first who tried to oppose the academic ballistica. He didn't like the fact that a landmark panorama write for the glorification of patriotism and heroism. Vereshchagin was against the war and in his work the protest is clearly visible.
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