The name of the Russian poet Mikhail Lermontov familiar to everyone. His works are included in the school curriculum, and the memory of the novelist-playwright lives in the hearts of many admirers of his talent and now, several centuries later. A large part in the formation of the personality of one of the prominent writers of the XIX-XX centuries was adopted by his grandmother. However, those who do have not heard about it, wonder about who this woman was. Why did she do with education? What was the name of the grandmother of Lermontov? In this article we will try to find answers.
In the years of childhood and growing up the future writer on its share many tests dropped out – even in infancy his mother died, leaving his son in the care of relatives. The father didn't do it, but because he was then brought up one that I sincerely loved him.
What was the name of the grandmother of Lermontov? It was incredibly strong-willed, strong woman of which legends that I knew everyone in the neighborhood, but that always remained somewhere in the sidelines. Why did she do it? Probably didn't want to remind myself, to distract the attention of his grandson, who was engaged in creativity. After the poet's death, her role in his life will be revisited. Undoubtedly, this part is great, but, in fact, the grandmother became a mother, she became a friend and assistant of Mikhail Yurevich. What was the name of the grandmother of Lermontov?
Elizabeth A. Arsenyev was born in 1773. She was tall and rather clumsy. It also was not a beauty, but her intelligence and business acumen could envy. The grandmother of the poet Lermontov belonged to the famous family of Stolypin, her father was nominated for the post of Manager of the Penza province. In addition to her own family had ten children.
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In 1795, Elizabeth A. gave birth to her only daughter Maria. Because of her health problems in the female part of the husband - Mikhail - fell in love with the neighbor-landowner. The woman was proprietary, which led eventually to the decision of Mikhail Vasilyevich make a deadly poison.
Staying with her daughter, the future of Lermontov's grandmother Elizaveta Alekseevna, single-handedly managed the estate, which, admittedly, at that time was considered to be wealthy: it was about six hundred serfs, to whom she was treated very strictly. The severity and strength of will is largely manifested in the character and in subsequent years.
Maria M., daughter of Empress Elizabeth, married at seventeen and settled in the village of Tarkhany, renamed later by the name of the writer. It did not differ good health, and therefore, when approaching date of birth, the husband took her to Moscow. There, in the night from 14 on 15 Oct 1814 came to light, the future poet. A few days later, on 23 October took place the baptism of Michael. Lermontov's grandmother Elizaveta Alekseevna, was his godmother.
The harmony in the family did not last long. Referred by dynasty female trouble was the cause of discord in the relationship between the parents of the future poet. They each other had cooled; Yuri Petrovich started a short affair, and when the wife objected, he started to beat her. A similar position was established in their home. This contributed to the development of the disease, transformed into a new disease – consumption. After the death of Maria Mikhailovna in 1817, his father returned to his family estate, leaving his son to his grandmother.
Energetic Elizabeth A. was trying to do everything for her grandson. Michael did not have a strong health, he had scrofula. Mindful of the fact that both of them are followers of the lermontovs, grandma wanted to give all that he owed. So, she was discharged from France Dr. Anselm Lewis, a Jew by birth, so he watched Michael. Later, the child of a writer and the influence of Elizabeth is reflected in many works, as, for example, “Story" and German "Menschen und Leidenschaften”. However, Lermontov felt a constant loneliness. He didn't have friends-peers, those who might become supporters why he felt unhappy and frustrated. All the experiences he endured on the paper, which ultimately resulted in a bright, dramatic poems and stories.
The Future poet became more Mature. With his father Elizabeth A. Arsenyeva, grandmother of Mikhail Lermontov, signed an agreement under which it undertakes to educate it to the sweet sixteen. However, she loved him so much that he begged the son-in-law not to take Michael to himself, referring to the approaching old age. Mikhail agreed.
The Writer travelled a lot. Was in the Caucasus, came to St. Petersburg, from there to Stavropol and Pyatigorsk. There he met retired major Nikolai Martynov. The recognition of the latter, between them constantly there were disagreements, Lermontov never lost an opportunity acutely to joke that one day tired of the site. His request to stop Lermontov responded with a challenge to a duel.
It is Known that the writer loved to shoot. A fatal duel occurred on July 27, 1841. In the basic version, the poet fired in the air, and his opponent – him in the chest. Two days latertook place the funeral of the writer, which was a large number who knew him. He was buried in Pyatigorsk. Elizabeth A. appealed to the Emperor with a request to move the grave to the village Tarkhany, where the poet spent his childhood. In the spring of 1842 was held the reburial of Lermontov.
Even after her death, she fussed over that grave someone she loved remained in his native village. What was the name of grandmother Lermontov, this persistent self-sacrificing woman who set an example of true pure feelings, which is able to experience a loving heart? Elizabeth A. went down in history as the first and last woman in the life of the poet, who devoted herself to raising and caring for it.
For her it was the only in all senses. She was protected from him she was waiting for new messages. After the news of his death, Elizabeth Alekseevna not allowed to say aloud the name of the grandson or any other writer. Her health has deteriorated, paralyzed legs, until the end of his days, she honored the memory of Mikhail Yurevich.
Elizabeth A. survived almost all of his family – daughter, husband and grandson. She died in 1845, buried in the family vault. Unlike monuments and busts of grandson, located in Pyatigorsk, Penza, St. Petersburg, Taman, Tarkhany, Grozny, Pyatigorsk, Moscow and even in Kuala Lumpur (Malaysia), her monument there.
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