Every owner of the poultry-yard, of course, want to have his bird was not sick and showed maximum productivity. But, unfortunately, the disease in them is not uncommon. Sometimes in front of the poultry farmers, the question arises: why have the feathers of laying hens? What's going on? The chicken just loses the pen, and maybe even partially bald. This process is considered to be a disease of chickens, and scientifically called alopecia. More in detail to familiarize with this phenomenon. And find out why the chickens have the feathers on the back and other parts of the body.
If the chicken began to lose feathers, do not panic! First you need to make sure it's not molting. Seasonal molting – the natural renewal process of the pen in birds. The change of feathers is going on ocherednost:
Molting in poultry depends on the age and time of year. The spring molt begins in young chickens, other poultry sheds in the fall. This process lasts from four to eight weeks.
The owners of the chickens face this problem: a bird loses a feather, balding. This happens not during the autumn moult, and can happen at any time of the year. Usually affects such body parts like neck, back, breast. The feathers are brittle, and the chicken may lose not only them, but also fluff. It is different from normal shedding and considered to be a disease called "alopecia".
It is Important to notice the disease in the beginning. For alopecia birds of a feather discolor, lose their luster and fall out. While seasonal shedding little feathers fall from the lower layers. There is a difference. If chickens have feathers fall out, why should I worry? Than it is fraught? If not immediately start treatment, the bird can very quickly lose up to 90% of of plumage.
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Baldness in birds can begin quite suddenly. This process is enhanced under the influence of certain factors. You should consider the reasons why chickens have feathers fall out. One of the main is considered to be an unbalanced diet, when the diet lacks vitamins and minerals, as well as loss perhaps the lack of cystine, calcium, sulfur, iodine, phosphorus and manganese.
Another reason why the chickens have the feathers on the neck and back, the contents of birds in poor conditions: dirt, dust, too dry or, conversely, moist air, lack of ventilation and the violation of the temperature regime, as well as the contents in tight spaces. Cause disease can be parasites (lice and proedi). This can be attributed to the lack of light, lack of fresh air, lack of vitamin D.
Damage to the skin gives the bird a serious inconvenience. For alopecia disrupted the functioning of vital organs in poultry there is a nutrient deficiency. Laying hens disturbed reproductive function, due to the fact that a large part of nutrients is consumed in the formation of the egg. A sick bird is starting to carry fewer eggs and then stop laying altogether. The bird weakens and loses weight, it may be fatal.
So, you first need to identify the reason why chickens have feathers fall out. With timely treatment the bird could be saved. Consider the reasons and their elimination.
In violation of the food the chickens lose their luster of feathers, begin to fall feathers, reduced egg production. What to do:
When alopecia affects the following body parts: back, neck, breast, tail and belly. Sometimes the chicken can be completely naked, her skin becomes inflamed, bleeding. Chickens with the disease lose weight, stop laying weakens the immune system.
Alopecia with timely and proper treatment is not a serious illness. But if the bird is not treated, can even be fatal.
Medicines are important too. For the treatment of alopecia using the following medications:
For treatment of the disease, you can use folk remedies. Best for this purpose, suitablehorns or hooves of domestic animals. You need to prepare the flour and add to daily feed. It is believed that organic remedies are very effective: they help to stop the loss of feathers, and promote the growth of new. Use flour to until will not be visually noticeable result. If you can not cook a meal, horns and hooves, you should do the following: to collect in the coop all the feathers, chop and add to food. They also contains cystine, which will also have a positive effect.
If it became known that the cause of alopecia is a bad contents, it is sufficient to carry out the following activities (in the absence of a bird):
It is Recommended to make the room a large window to the coop could get sunlight. If possible, you should buy a UV lamp. You should maintain the indoor temperature around 22 degrees Celsius, the humidity should not exceed 60 %, it is impossible to prevent drafts. It is necessary to provide chickens in the paddock. They should have the opportunity to be outdoors.
Next. When the content on a dirty, damp litter in hens baldness begins in the area of the butt, and the constant Association of feathers with a damp dirt floor contributes to the removal of feathers from this part of the body. All this leads to alopecia areata. Should be carried out in the processing of chicken coop flooring with disinfectant to prevent infection of birds with parasites. It is recommended to ensure that the floor in the room was always dry.
One of the reasons why chickens have feathers fall out, are parasites. This is very serious. In the presence of parasites in birds alopecia begins from the tail, and then spreads to other parts of the body. Properiety and pereedy eat fluff and feather, as well as the epithelium of the skin. For the prevention and control of parasites should be in a room where there are birds, set the ash tub. Chickens, bathing in the ash, get a good cleaning of the feathers. Just need to ensure that the contents in the tank was not wet.
Tools for pest control:
And that's not all. Also birds can drop feathers on the breast due to the presence of parasites. In addition, the chicken with a deficiency or absence of dietary mineral supplements begins to pluck at the breast feathers. Therefore, the diet must be present:
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