Plum "stenley": description, characteristic, photos and reviews

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2020-05-23 17:00:17

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In order to get a good crop of plums, it is necessary first of all to choose the right variety. Those of today, there are many. One of the most interesting and popular varieties of plum is "stenley". This variety is very well suited for growing in southern regions of Russia. For example, in the Krasnodar region.

History plum "stenley"

This Strain was bred in the United States. In our country for the first time in the state register, it was listed in 1983. While he was assigned to the North Caucasus region. Popular variety is not only in our country but around the world. At the moment it is most often used in the production of prunes.

plum stenley

Plum "stenley": description of the class

Represents this variety is not too tall tree with a fairly compact and rounded and rare crown. The trunk of this plum has the grey dark color, straight and slightly flaky. To cracking the wood when growth is not inclined. Shoots tree gives straight, slightly okrujenie.

Leaves, plums of this variety are round, with a blunt end, are medium in size (7 cm long, 4 cm wide), almost smooth, glabrous from above. Bottom plate along the veins covered with small hairs. The concavity of the leaves of a medium and the fabric fairly loose.

Plum Blossoms "stenley" white flowers. The petals them to each other and not pressed. Stamens and pistils are quite long. First grow to 7-12 mm, the second – up to 11 mm. Stamens in a flower is usually a lot of – up to 28 PCs.

class plums in stenley

Description fruit

The Fruit of the plum variety "stenley" has a large, neat. In length they can reach up to 53 mm, width – 40 mm in thickness – 37 mm. Average weight – 50 grams. The shape of the fruit ovate, oblique. Abdominal seam they have a very strongly expressed, however, by cracking they are not inclined. The wax coating on the fruit of this variety is well marked and almost hides a very dark purple color skin. Latest from the pulp separated with difficulty, is of medium thickness and loose consistency. The flesh of the plums is sweet, fibrous, moderately juicy, has a yellow color. The tip of the fruit is rounded, base is elongated. Funnel the stalk is of medium depth. Pit rather large, elongated. Its weight is about 3.3% from the pulp.

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plum stenley description

Composition of fruits

Plum "stenley", characteristics, yield and pollinators which will be discussed below, gives the fruits containing the following substances.

Composition of the fruit (100 g)

Component

Percentage

Dry matter

21,6

Acids

0,72

Sugar,

13,8

Pectin

1,02

The plum fruit of this variety contains: ascorbic acid 8,9 mg/100 g and polyphenol – 460 mg/100 g

Pollination

A Variety of plum "stenley" refers to partially samoplodnye. However, to put next to other plums will still be good. Especially good for this purpose, suitable varieties of "President" and "Express".

stenley plum characteristics

Features of the class

Plum "stenley", a description which has been given above, has a very good yield. This variety bears fruits regularly and very heavily. Blooms around mid-April. Fruits ripen later – in late August and early September. Applies to winter-hardy variety. To fungal diseases resistance is no different. Rarely infected with polystigma and scarce. To monilia, unfortunately, is not too stable. The first harvest of plums can be obtained already in the third year after planting.

Plum "stenley", feature which allows to judge it as a very good variety, recommended for growing on personal plots of land and industrial scale.

Reviews about "stenley"

The Opinion among gardeners about this variety is pretty good. Highlighted its high productivity. From the same tree "stenley" you can collect a year to 60 kg of fruit. However, to put this plum is still recommended only in areas located in warmer regions of the country. Although this variety is claimed as winter-hardy, cold in Central Russia, he suffers pretty bad. The positive reviews are about the quality of the fruit. Very good, suitable for fresh consumption and for canning. In addition, they can still dry. With regard to transportability, in this respect, "stenley" also earned quite good reviews.

plum stenley reviews

Plum "stenley", a description which we have given above, like many gardeners also because of its simplicity. The fact that it is able to grow on almost all soil types. However, experienced gardeners forget to water "stenley" I do not advise. Resistance to drought, unfortunately, this variety is no different.

How to plant

Plum "stenley", reviews of which, as you know, mostly positive, can be planted in the soil asin spring and autumn. However, in the first case will be trees, most likely, better. The seedling is placed in the hole depth and diameter on the order of half a meter. Excavated soil mixed with compost in a ratio of 1:2. The pit is filled to half. The operation for preparing the hole in a similar way, you need to make about a week before planting. During this period the soil has time to settle. Bury the seedling in the hole so that its root collar was at the level of the soil surface or was 4-5 cm above it. Roots sprinkle ordinary ground without fertilizer, which should be lightly compacted to remove voids.

After landing around the trunk make the root round the tree and pour 3-4 buckets of warm water. At the final stage perform mulching dry leaves, compost or straw.

Signs of monilia

Plum "stenley", feature which allows to judge it as unpretentious, nevertheless, not too resistant to fungal diseases. The symptoms of grey rot of stone fruit is as follows:

  • Browning of shoots and branches.
  • The Appearance on the bark of small grey growths.
  • Decay of the fruit. While on the surface appear gray small, scattered growths. This gray mold is different from the fruit. When infected latest growths have the form of concentric circles. First, the lesions arise in areas with mechanical damage.
  • The Crack of old branches. Of a fault thus is the gum with the formation of nodules. With the development of the disease these branches die.

plum stenley photo

Prevention monilia

As mentioned, plum "stenley", reviews which are mostly positive, not too resistant to Botrytis. In order to prevent infection with this disease should take a number of measures. First of all, harvesting must be careful not to damage the fruit and branches. It is also very important to take preventive measures, to prevent the destruction of trees different kinds of pests – caterpillars, pledoarie etc. the fact that the spores of the brown rot can spread not only by air but also on the legs of insects. In late autumn the headquarters and skeletal branches, it is desirable to whitewash.

Treatment monilia

Of Course, plum "stenley" (photo of this variety can be seen on the page) from this disease can be spared. Winters the causative agent of this disease on infected twigs and fruits. So they must be removed. The treatment is performed by spraying the soil and the trees themselves. You can use iron or copper sulfate, 1% Bordeaux liquid, aleatoric or nitrogen. Spraying these preparations is conducted in the spring, before flowering plants. To water the plants and soil need quite profusely.

Again the procedure in a grade as a plum "stenley", carried out after flowering. It also used Bordeaux liquid, sulfate, fungicides (meprotan, Captan, or phthalan solution cinema). Should conduct pre-control spraying. It is necessary in order to ensure that the drug does not devour the leaves. I select a few control branches and spraying produce. A few days look to see if burns. They represent a grid on fruits and necrotic spots on the leaves.

Bordeaux liquid

The easiest way would be to treat the drain with a solution of copper sulfate in the lime milk. Bordeaux liquid is prepared in the following way:

  • 300 g of copper sulphate and lime diluted in 2-3 liters of hot water (separately).
  • Add in both solution cold water so that the total number was 5 liters.
  • A Thin stream pour in a solution of sulphate in the strained lime.

plum stenley description grade

Other popular varieties

Of Course, "stenley" is not only popular in our country, the late-ripening variety. Very good gardeners speak about:

  • Plum "President". This variety is commonly planted near the same as draining "stenley". They are pollinators for each other very well. In addition, the "President" himself has a good yield, winter hardiness and large fruit. Over a year one tree can harvest up to 100 kg of fruit. "Stenley" for "President" is also a good pollinator. The main distinguishing feature of this variety is that the flesh of the fruit – even fully ripe – different density and crunches while eating. While it tastes very sweet.
  • Leak "of Hagana". It's a German variety, giving abundant harvests. Its main distinctive feature is the unusually large fruit – up to 60-80 grams. Not too sweet, they are perfect for canning and baking.

As you can see, plum "stenley" may just be the perfect choice for gardeners in the southern regions of our country. High productivity, easy maintenance and good disease resistance make it a landing in the suburban areas is more than appropriate. It is especially good to plant with the late "President".

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