Human Speech - the basis of his reputation among others. It is important to remember that in a civilized society nothing: neither education nor environment, nor culture that prevails around them - is not justified illiterate speech. Although sometimes the hearing can cut not just unpleasant expressions and rough language, but even just the wrong pronunciation of words. Therefore, it does not matter in what field of activity you are busy and who your friends and family, beautiful and correct speech may be the main calling card of your image. The key point in this respect is correct accents in words. About how to do it, and will be discussed in this article.
Good speech is a difficult skill. A lot of questions. For example, what is the emphasis in the word "means"? Interestingly, many consider the correct pronunciation of this word as a kind of marker that determines the level of human culture. This error is so widespread that many specialized pronouncing dictionaries in a special way and emphasize the right emphasize the word "means". The correct pronunciation of its kind is the key to success. That is why it is important to know the rules of the stress in this case.
A rule is actually quite simple. The emphasis in the word "means" always falls on the first syllable, irrespective of number and case. Thus, the right to speak "means", "means" and "means". Moreover, the exceptions to this rule can not be, regardless of the field of use of the word. Some believe it is permissible to shift the accent on the last syllable in that case, if "funds" is used to mean "money, financial values." But in reality it is not. The emphasis in the word "tool" always remains on the first syllable.
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All words that have been borrowed from other languages, decided to keep the accent in the place in which it stood in the language of the source. For example, dispensary and blinds (borrowing from French), marketing and Genesis (borrowing from English).
If a part has the word "meter", then the accent will fall on him. For example, "millimeter", "kilometer".
With the exception of "wiring" and "power", in the words, whose integral part is the element of "the wire," the emphasis should be put on the suffix "-waters". For example, garbage disposal.
As a rule, all words in which the root is "-log", the stress falls on him. For example, the directory. The exception is the word "analog" and the name of the occupation, for example, "scholar".
Interesting case is the word "favourite". All nouns that are formed from this word, the accent never falls on the "-Bal-".
In most adjectives the stress falls on the same syllable on which it fell as a noun, from which is formed the adjective. For example, the kitchen - the kitchen.
Often with the formation of short forms of the adjective from its form, the accent remains on the same syllable. For example, a beautiful - beautiful and, therefore, prettier.
Discuss the rules of accent for verbs. In all verbs, standing in the grammatical form of the past tense, the accent must fall on the syllable on which it falls in the initial form. For example, walk, walked.
There is another group, to which belong the verbs, the accent which remains unchanged in all forms except one - the feminine, past tense. For example, lie - lied, but lied.
The Verbs, the initial form that ends in "-ing", always have the accent in the end. For example, to include - include include, include. However, there are several exceptions to this rule: debase - debase, inquire - inquire.
All verbs are formed from adjectives (with the exception of the verb "to embitter"), as a rule, the stress falls on the ending "-ing". For example, vigorous - encouraging.
All reflexive verbs, the accent is correctly placed on the last syllable of the word.
The dialects correctly the accent on the first syllable and falls only in a few cases. Shock the prefix "pre-" appears only in the words "down", "dry" and "top". And the shock prefix "for -" in turn, is used in the words "dark", "dark" and "ahead of time". If you remember this rule, there is no chance to get confused in pronunciation dialects.
To put correctly the accent in the gerund, it is necessary to pay attention to the verb from which it is formed. The right emphasis in the gerund put in the same place where it stands in the infinitive of the verb. Often it is the last syllable of the word. For example, the gerund formed from the verb "to take", - "taking".
If the gerund is the suffix "-in-" or "-lice", the accent in such a word will always fall on the last vowel of the letter preceding the suffix. For example, starting and started.
If we are talking about the full participles with the suffix "-t", the stress is shifted one syllable forward in comparison with the accent in the verb. For example, chop - chopped.
In Order to properly talk, no need to constantly keep in mind all these rules, but they should be carefully investigated. While it is best to pay special attention to the examples. Because the best way to remember anything is practice and Association. Easier to remember than the rule, and examples, reflecting the principle on which this rule is based.
All of this will help to learn to talk and to correct errors in their own pronunciation. The rules of orthoepy debunk many of the myths and break the wrong notions about the forms of pronunciation adopted in the area. This knowledge will help to create a reputation as an educated person, who respects both himself and his interlocutors. In modern society, the habit of speaking correctly plays a huge role in creating your image, no matter what you do.
Indulge in the development. Perfection!...
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