Geographical position the Atlantic ocean: description and features


2018-03-25 22:59:11




1Like 0Dislike


Table of contents:

The Atlantic ocean (map attached below) – part of the World ocean. It is considered the most studied people body of water on our planet. Its area ranks second, behind first only a Quiet. The Atlantic ocean covers an area 91,66 million sq. km, whereas the Pacific – 178,684 million sq. km. As we can see, these figures are quite impressive.

Atlantic ocean map

Description of the geographical locations of the Atlantic

Meridional ocean stretches for 13 thousand km. On the North it washes the shores of O. Greenland, Canada and parts of Europe, connected with the waters of the Arctic ocean. In the South Atlantic ocean and reach the shores of the Antarctica. Sometimes the southern part of the Atlantic, about 35° Yu. sh. up to 60° Yu. sh., referred to as a separate, southern, area. But its existence is still a controversial issue.

The maximum width of the Atlantic ocean – 6 700 km. In the East it washes the West coast of Africa, Europe, connects with the Indian ocean on the border from m. Needle to the Queen Maud Land (Antarctica). In the West, brings its waters to the shores of North and South America, through the Drake passage connecting the Pacific.

The Geographical position of the Atlantic ocean is such that it is combined with all the other major reservoirs of the planet and washes the shores of all continents except Australia.

the geographical position of the Atlantic

Brief information

The Area of the Atlantic – more than 91 million sq. km as a percentage, it accounts for 25 % of all ocean water. Of the total area at 16% of the bays and the sea. Latest only 16. Sargasso, the Mediterranean and Caribbean – the largest of the sea which is the Atlantic ocean. The map, attached below, also displays the largest bays. It's Mexican, Guinea and the Gulf of Maine. The Atlantic ocean is rich with Islands and archipelagos. The most significant area: the British, the Large Falkland Islands, Iceland, Newfoundland, Great Antilles, and the Bahamas.


"Knowledge is light and ignorance is darkness": the value, meaning and alternatives

There are some sayings that would seem to need no explanation, such as “teaching & ndash; light and ignorance – darkness”. But some still do not understand their meaning. But not only for such people is written by our article. I...

What was invented by Mendeleev for the army. The history and fate of the invention

What was invented by Mendeleev for the army. The history and fate of the invention

D. I. Mendeleev was a brilliant Russian scientist-polymath, who made many important discoveries in various fields of science and technology. Many people know that he is the author of “Fundamentals of chemistry" and the periodic law of chem...

The origin of the Slavs. The influence of different cultures

The origin of the Slavs. The influence of different cultures

Slavs (under this name), according to some researchers, appeared in the story only in 6 century ad. However, the language of nationality bears the archaic features of the Indo-European community. This, in turn, suggests that the origin of the Slavs h...

The Average depth of the ocean – in the region of 3 500-4 000 m. Maximum – the Puerto Rico trench, its length 1 754 km, width – 97 km and the greatest depth at this point reaches 8 742 m.


Studying the geographical position of the Atlantic ocean, it is necessary to pay attention to the relief of the bottom. This pond is considered relatively young on the planet Earth. Such a conclusion can be drawn based on the topography of its bottom. Conditionally it can be divided into three parts. Around the center of the bottom of the Atlantic stretch from South to North Mid-Atlantic ridge-ocean ridge, separating North American and Eurasian tectonic plates. It is quite large, sometimes even rises to the surface in the form of Islands. A striking example is the island of Iceland.

The ocean was Formed in the Mesozoic period. Presumably during the split of the ancient continent Pangaea into two continents, Laurasia and Gondwana. On either side of the Mid-Atlantic ridge is located the bed of the ocean – the most quiet and uniform bottom topography. Closer to the continents in relief are allocated to the continental margin. They are represented by sedimentary plains, folded a thick layer of sediments. The offshore ocean is not very wide, the greatest length – 400 km (R-n the North and Baltic seas).a description of the geographical position of the Atlantic

The Geographical position of the Atlantic ocean determines some special features. For example, common for that area is its seismic activity, underwater volcanoes. And this, in turn, causes strong hurricanes, tsunamis and typhoons, tropical storms and tornadoes. It is in these waters was played the most powerful catastrophic hurricanes of the world: Katrina (2005) Ivan (2004), sandy (2012).


The Geographical position of the Atlantic ocean is determined by the length from the North to the South of the planet. Because of this, he passes through all the climatic zones of the Earth. Accordingly, the climate of the ocean in different areas varies. A large part of the basin is located in temperate and subtropical climatic latitudes. The basis of weather conditions, are the winds-West and the trade winds. In the Northern area of the ocean arises a cyclone, which determines the weather in the Northern hemisphere of the planet. In the Arctic and Antarctic latitudes are common – a drifting ice-floe and icebergs.


Active movement of the water flow occurs in the ocean in the meridional direction. Are formed by powerful currents: the Gulf stream, the current of the Western winds, the North and South Equatorial, the Canary, Brazilian.geography of the Atlantic

State, with access to the waters of the Atlantic

As we said above, the geographical position of the Atlantic ocean allows its waters to wash almost all the continents of the planet. That is why it covers the coast of many state and countries.

  1. In North America all States: Canada, USA, Mexico, and small island countries have access to the Atlantic coast.
  2. On the mainland of South America Atlantic waters washed the shores of Brazil, Uruguay, Argentina, Chile,Colombia and Paraguay.
  3. African States bordering the Atlantic ocean, is Mauritania, Senegal, Gambia, Morocco, Guinea, Nigeria, Cameroon and others.
  4. European countries having a coastline, the UK, Spain, Portugal, Denmark.

In this article we examined in detail the geography of the Atlantic ocean.

Article in other languages:













Alin Trodden - author of the article, editor
"Hi, I'm Alin Trodden. I write texts, read books, and look for impressions. And I'm not bad at telling you about it. I am always happy to participate in interesting projects."

Comments (0)

This article has no comment, be the first!

Add comment

Related News

How to

How to "quarrel" or "Sora"?

to some it may seem strange dilemma “fight or Sora” but some doubt. Anyway, today we will examine this interesting question, I hope the investigation will help to clarify.Primary truth and the meaning of the word &ldqu...

Who are the masons?

Who are the masons?

 Not long ago the General public became aware of the existence of secret organizations the Freemasons, functioning for centuries. What is this Association? Who are the masons? What goals do they pursue? Questions about this m...

Where are the mountains of the Cordillera? The mountains of the Cordillera: description

Where are the mountains of the Cordillera? The mountains of the Cordillera: description

the Cordillera - the mountains, the huge system which occupies the Western edge of the continent of North America. They stretch about 7 thousand km of the Cordillera mountains, a great variety of natural conditions. A number of fe...

Basic rules for the use of the school library

Basic rules for the use of the school library

in Modern conditions are ideal for the formation of personality of a new type, with a high level of information requests and needs. This trend is due to the specific historical period, as well as those innovations that occur in th...

World culture and its history

World culture and its history

World culture, as a phenomenon of social life, is of interest to many Sciences. This phenomenon is studied by sociology and aesthetics, archeology, Ethnography and other. Next, look at what is world culture. General informationSho...

Word order and actual division of sentences. Actual division of sentences in the English language

Word order and actual division of sentences. Actual division of sentences in the English language

Some phrases and sentences mean something quite different from what would be obtained from simple addition of the used words. Why the same sentence can be understood in different ways by putting an emphasis from one word to anothe...