The present kontinius (Present Continuous) - rules and exercises

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2019-02-10 12:00:26

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In English, tense forms more than in Russian, so learning a foreign language is so difficult for our fellow citizens. Great and mighty is no such thing as a present kontinius, in other words – present for a long time. But do not be afraid. If it is good to understand this question, then no problems will arise.

Use Features

The Present Continuous is sometimes difficult to distinguish from the Present Simple. Both verb forms describe the present, but the present simple is used when we are talking about recurring actions and kontinius - those that happen right now.

It is Important to remember the difference in cases when it is necessary to describe multiple incidents at the same time. Put the verb in the present simple time, if the actions follow one another. But if the events occur at the same time, the aid comes a.

Another important caveat concerns the actions that are either planned or are present in the schedule. When the interviewee expresses the intention to do something, he uses a verb in the Present Continuous form, if the event designated in the schedule, talking about him in the Present Simple.

This little comparison will make it easier to understand these two times.

English present kontiniusEnglish gift kontinius has significant differences that allow to distinguish it from other forms of the verb.

It is used in that case, if you want to describe events that occur at the moment of speech. Prime example: Tom is doing exercise now (now sports).

English present kontiniusPrezent kontinius used when describing this operation, which takes place at the moment, but in the present, still ongoing period of time. Consider this example: He is working on the program (He is working on a program). We are talking about the fact that he is not doing this at a particular moment, and during this period, which lasts and will soon be over.

This temporary form is used when the described planned action that will happen soon. An example is this sentence: We are arriving on Friday (We arrive or you are going to arrive at Friday).

Another option is the use of Present Continuous – to indicate repeated actions which are irritating or cause the disapproval of the speaker. The catalysts can serve as adverbs constantly, always, repeatedly, which in this case translated as “forever”. A good example: You are constantly shouting at us (You're always screaming at us).

Rules education

To formulate proposals to present kontinius, you must use the verb "to be" in a suitable form, which depends on a noun or pronoun. It is to him in negative sentences will be added particle "not".

Verbs in the present kontiniusVerbs in the present kontinius get the ending-ing. In most cases this puts inflection on the word without changing it (say-saying). But if at the end of the infinitive is silent "e", it must be omitted (make-making). In the case when the verb ends in a short vowel combined with a consonant, the exception is “x”, the last letter is doubled (begin-beginning). Words that end in-ie change it to connect-y+ing (lie-lying).

There is a list of expressions that may indicate the Present Continuous. It's like today, at the moment, this week, now, and others.

There are a number of words that are not used in this time. This so-called state verbs, which convey sensations and feelings. They also will not take part in the formation of such transitional forms as the present perfect kontinius. Here are some of the verbs of the state:Prezent perfekt kontinius

  • Be – to be;
  • Belong – belong to;
  • Consist – to consist of;
  • Cost – cost;
  • Envy – envy;
  • Exist – to exist;
  • Hate – to hate;
  • Hear – to hear;
  • Love – to love;
  • Possess – to have;
  • Remember – to remember;
  • Seem-to seem;
  • Want – want.

For a List of these words is much longer, and should be read carefully to avoid mistakes in his speech.

Education affirmative sentences

Fixed word order – it may be proud of the English language. The present kontinius does not make a dissonance in this rule. His proposals are based on the same principle: subject to, followed by the auxiliary verb, then the main verb with the appropriate ingavin the end, followed by the rest of the sentence.

Презент континиус

Рассмотрим картинку и опишем те действия, которые совершают герои, по схеме, размещенной в таблице.

Образование утвердительных предложений в презент континиус

I

Am

Driving (еду)

Laughing (смеется)

Playing (играют)

Глагол + ing skating (катается на коньках)

Singing (поет)

Running (бежит)

She

He

It

Is

You

They

We

Are

  • I am driving (Я еду).
  • Tom is laughing (Том смеется).
  • We are playing (Мы играем).
  • Dad is skating (Папа катается на коньках).
  • You are singing (Ты поешь).
  • Lena is running (Лена бежит).

Образование отрицания

Превратить утвердительное предложение в отрицательное очень просто, достаточно добавить к глаголу "to be" частицу "not".

Образование отрицательных предложений в презент континиус

I

Am

Not

Driving (еду)

Laughing (смеется)

Playing (играют)

Skating (катается на коньках)

Singing (поет)

Running (бежит)

She

He

It

Is

You

They

We

Are

  • I am not /можно сократить до I’m not/ driving (Я не езжу).
  • Tom is not /isn’t/ laughing (Том не смеется).
  • We are not /aren’t/ playing (Они не играют).

Вопросительные предложения

Чтобы поставить общий вопрос, ответом на который может служить согласие или отрицание (да/нет), достаточно вынести "to be" вперед.

Образование общего вопроса в презент континиус

Am

I

Driving (езжу)?

Laughing (смеется)?

Playing (играют)?

Skating (катается на коньках)?

Singing (поет)?

Running (бежит)?

Is

She

He

It

Are

You

They

We

  • Am I driving (Я езжу)?
  • Is dad skating (Папа катается на коньках)?
  • Are you singing (Ты поешь)?

Сформулировать специальный вопрос, который бы уточнял обстоятельства, способ или качество действия, тоже несложно, нужно в предыдущую форму добавить соответствующее вопросительное слово.

Образование специальных вопросов в презент континиус

How

When

Why

Who

What

Where

Am

I

Driving (езжу)?

Laughing (смеется)?

Playing (играют)?

Skating (катается на коньках)?

Singing (поет)?

Running (бежит)?

Is

She

He

It

Are

You

They

We

  • How am I driving (Как я езжу)?
  • When is dad skating (Когда папа катается на коньках)?
  • What are you singing (Что ты поешь)?

Упражнения

Нужно преобразовать инфинитив в глагол Present Continuous и выбрать правильную форму для "to be":

A) She /to read/ a magazine now (Она читает сейчас газету).

B) Linda /to sit/ at the piano (Линда сидит за фортепиано).

C) He /to do/ his homework (Он выполняет свою домашнюю работу).

D) They /to play/ baseball (Они играют в бейсбол).

E) I still /to write/ a message (Я по-прежнему пишу сообщение).

F) We /to have/ dinner now (Сейчас мы обедаем).

G) It still /to rain/ (По-прежнему идет дождь).

H) It /to snow/ now (Идет снег).

I) The girl /to draw/ a picture (Девочка рисует картину).

J) You /to speak/ to me now (Ты разговариваешь сейчас со мной).

Необходимо поставить утвердительные предложения в вопросительную и отрицательную форму:

A. I am studying (Я занимаюсь).

B. We are playing ball (Мы играем в мяч).

C. They are eating now (Они сейчас едят).

D. We are resting now (Мы сейчас отдыхаем).

E. She is sleeping (Она спит).

Переведите на английский следующие фразы:

  1. Она катается на велосипеде.
  2. Ты вечно опаздываешь!
  3. Где они отдыхают сейчас?
  4. Мы не завтракаем.
  5. Чем он сейчас занимается?

Презент континиус – это востребованная и достаточно легкая для изучения временная форма. Чтобы избежать ошибок при ее употреблении, достаточно помнить о том, в каких случаях ее используют, знать способы ее образования и те немногие глаголы, которые в ней не используются.

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