In what cases prescribe antibiotics to a child? Antibiotics for children up to years: features of the treatment

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2018-03-18 07:51:07

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With some diseases the child's body can not cope without the help of potent drugs. However, many parents seem to give prescribed antibiotics to a child. In fact, when applied correctly, they will bring more good than harm, and promote early recovery of the baby.

Antibiotics definition

Antibiotics are called organic substances semi-synthetic or of natural origin that have the ability to destroy microbes or inhibit their growth. They cause the death of certain bacteria, and others remain harmless. Spectrum of activity depends on the sensitivity of organisms.

Reception

The effects of antibiotics aimed at combating infectious and bacterial pathologies. In each case, the drug should close by the doctor depending on age and condition of the patient. Such drugs can cause serious side effects in the form of dysbiosis, neurological disorders, and allergic reactions. This happens most often when non-compliance with the dosage regimen and prolonged use of drugs.

Many parents think about what antibiotic to give the child with infectious disease. To self-medicate in this case is prohibited. Because the drugs based on sulfonamides and tetracyclines in pediatric patients is not used, and the other group of antibiotics is prescribed under strict indications.

When you need antibiotics to children?

Antibiotics are prescribed to the child in case if illness of bacterial etiology and the body is unable to cope with the pathogenic agent alone. The treatment of some serious diseases is carried out in stationary mode, constantly watching the reaction of the child's body is not a drug. In the ambulatory (home) conditions treated with antibiotics “easy” problems.

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What antibiotics can children

In the first days of the disease is necessary to observe the condition of the baby and to enable the body to overcome illness on their own. At this time antibiotic therapy is not assigned. Remember that fever, cough and runny nose are not the reason for the use of such drugs. Having established the nature of pathogenic microbes, we can start treatment.

Mandatory antibiotics the child is assigned in the following conditions:

  • Pneumonia.
  • Acute otitis media (including in children under 6 months).
  • Purulent tonsillitis.
  • Acute (suppurative) and chronic sinusitis.
  • Paratonzillit.
  • Infectious disease of urinary system.
  • Pneumonia.

Common bronchitis treated with antibiotics is not recommended. Only after confirming the bacterial etiology of the disease, the doctor selects a desired group of drugs and paints a regimen of medicines.

Treatment of SARS in children antibiotic

Acute respiratory infection caused by viruses cannot be treated with antibiotics. This therapy will only harm the little body. To such conclusion the occupational therapists. Unfortunately, many parents do not listen to the opinion of qualified experts and find out from friends what antibiotics are available to children with the common cold.

Against viruses antibiotics are powerless as long as do not join them bacteria. To define it is difficult, therefore, should be monitored for illness on the part of the pediatrician. If the baby is returned to a high temperature, increased cough, is a hotbed of chronic disease (tonsillitis, pyelonephritis), may develop a bacterial infection on the background of acute respiratory infections.

Parents who are in doubt about whether to give antibiotics to the child even after a doctor's prescription, should be aware that in some cases these drugs just to ease the symptoms of the disease and the speedy recovery of the baby. After running disease with serious complications.

The Effectiveness of antibiotics in diseases of ENT-organs

In childhood bacterial ENT infections are common and often move from one place to nearby organs. This contributes to their anatomical location. Often children show symptoms of sore throat, sinusitis, pharyngitis, or otitis media. Diagnosed, the doctor needs to prescribe antibiotics to a child depending on individual tolerance and patient's age. Typically used medications from the cephalosporin group (“competitive”, “Suprax”), penicillins (“flemoksin soljutab”, “Augmentin"), macrolides (“Sumamed”, “Vilprafen”).

What antibiotics can children

Long-term use of drugs are addictive (resistance), and the sensitivity to them of microbes will disappear. So for more than 14 days antibiotic treatment is not carried out. If the therapeutic effect does not appear after 48 hours, this medication is replaced by another, taking into account the compatibility with previous.

Treatment of intestinal infections antibiotics children

The Children quickly pick up various intestinal diseases that can cause not only bacteria but also viruses. When it is necessary to treat a bacterial infection, antibiotics used: “Amoxicillin" "Cephalexin". They are administered depending on the type of agent. Also using antibiotics and enteroseptol: “Enterofuril”, “Nifuratel”.

Antibiotics for babies

The Immune system of neonates is not yet able to reflect “attack” pathogens. Gives special protection to breastfeeding but if the baby caught a bacterial disease, the children's doctor must prescribe antibiotics. Children up to year such drugs are usually prescribed if the treatment does not give positive results for 3–5 day, but in serious diseases (meningococcal infection, purulent tonsillitis, chronic pathology) requires urgent their use).antibiotics for children treatment of children

Harm or benefit?

Modern drugs help to fight bacterial disease with minimal harm to the little body. This does not mean that you can “just in case” to give antibiotics to children. Is it possible to do without these drugs? The answer is ambiguous, because some experts are of the opinion that the treatment of infants should be carried out without the antibiotics. Parents should understand that in this case, it can develop serious consequences that can further harm the health of the baby. It is therefore necessary to adequately assess the situation and not to expose your child to danger.

Method of production of antibiotics

Depending on the age of the small patient antibiotics can be prescribed as a suspension (syrup), tablets or injections. The last option is used for serious illnesses in a hospital. The most common form is a syrup. Included with the bottle is always measuring spoon, which conveniently calculate the dose and give the child. For suspension uses a powder that is diluted with water before use.

whether to Give antibiotics to a child

Whatever form of release of the drug was not assigned, it is necessary to strictly adhere to the recommendations of the children's doctor and follow the dosage and duration of treatment with antibiotics. Abort a medication is prohibited. Need to complete a full course of antibiotic therapy for complete cure of infection.

Nasal Drops antibiotic

Popular in this group of antibiotics are drops “Izofra” and “Polideksa”. Absolutely not justified their use in simple rhinitis, as do some parents. Viral rhinitis does not respond to treatment by such means. The ENT should explain when it is necessary to use antibiotics for children.

Antibiotics children can

Treatment of children drops with antibacterial components is justified only when purulent rhinitis, which occurs in babies is quite rare. Sometimes can be assigned in the complex therapy of otitis media, sinusitis, sinusitis. “Polideksa” has a hormonal component, therefore, to administer this drug can only be a doctor. “Izofra” is a more safe drug, polymer-based, allowing you to use it to treat even newborn babies.

How to give antibiotics to children?

First, you need to treat the baby according to doctor's orders. Antibiotics children is carried out under strict supervision. Cannot be used for the treatment of drugs that successfully treated children, friends and relatives. All children are unique, and the disease may have different etiology. Upon confirmation of bacterial or fungal pathogen appoint these funds.

oral antibiotics in children

With antibiotic treatment of children it is important to observe the following rules:






Alin Trodden - author of the article, editor
"Hi, I'm Alin Trodden. I write texts, read books, and look for impressions. And I'm not bad at telling you about it. I am always happy to participate in interesting projects."

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