Drug treatment of conjunctivitis: scheme, feedback, and consequences


2019-08-13 02:20:38




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The Inflammatory process in the mucosa of the eyes is called conjunctivitis. Signs of the disease – redness, burning eyes, swollen eyelids, itching and watery eyes. This illness affects both children and adults. In most cases, washing with various solutions to fully heal. However, it should be remembered that the disease in some cases can become chronic, so the consultation of an ophthalmologist is required. In this article, we will discuss the symptoms and treatment of conjunctivitis in adults and children.

Types of conjunctivitis and their symptoms

They depend on the type of pathogen. Final diagnosis the doctor puts after seeing the patient, and the results of the smear discharge from the eyes.

Types of conjunctivitis

The following types of conjunctivitis:

  • Bacterial. Its development provoked pathogens: staphylococci, streptococci, Haemophilus influenzae, Bacillus and others. In my eyes the pathogen enters during upper respiratory tract or from the surface of the dermis. Signs of disease: purulent discharge, which contribute to the bonding of the eyelashes, swelling and redness of the eyelids.
  • Allergic. the Reason lies in the influence of allergens, which is inherently different: it is medicines, food, pollen, household chemicals and others. A variation of this form is a reactive conjunctivitis, which develops under the influence of vapors, gases, fumes, or chlorinated water in swimming pools. The characteristic symptom is itching of the fittest, but also present the usual signs: swelling, redness, watery eyes.
  • Viral conjunctivitis. the Symptoms and treatment depend on the provocateurs of the disease. They are the Coxsackie virus, herpes, enteroviruses, which enter the upper respiratory tract and mucous membrane of the eye. As well as the disease develops on the background of acute respiratory viral infections. The most common inflammation caused by adenoviruses. The disease is manifested by tearing, burning, redness, swelling. In addition, there are all the symptoms of SARS: General weakness, rhinitis, fever, enlarged lymph nodes.

Therapy medicinal products

The Use of ointments in the treatment of eye conjunctivitis following:

  1. Eritromicina. approved for use in children under one year and pregnant women. Has antimicrobial effects. Well tolerated, but the individual intolerance. The duration of therapy is determined by a doctor.
  2. Tetracycline. is Used in bacterial conjunctivitis. Has the restrictions on the use of age. Contraindicated in children under eight years of age, pregnant and lactating women. The duration of the course of treatment depends on the severity of inflammation. During therapy, you may experience decreased sharpness of vision.
  3. “Not”. the Drug is indicated for the treatment of conjunctivitis in children in the home. Approved for use in babies up to a year, but only by the doctor.
  4. “Florenal”. the Course of treatment - from two weeks to two months. Used in the treatment of children and adults, including pregnant and lactating women. Individual intolerance to the drug components is a contraindication to use.
  5. “List”. This tool is recognized as one of the most effective in the treatment of viral conjunctivitis caused by herpes agent.
  6. “Tobradex”. the effectiveness of the drug increases with joint use of the ointment and drops. Are not advisable for children under 12 years of age, pregnant or nursing.
  7. “Cortineff”. is Prescribed for inflammation, which is accompanied by the release of pus. Prolonged use causes an increase in intraocular pressure, so you must adhere to a course of treatment recommended by the doctor.
  8. “DEXA-gentamicin”. the Ointment has a broad spectrum antibacterial action and anti-inflammatory and anti-allergic effect. Long-term use is not shown.
  9. “Bonafton”. the Medicine has been proven in the treatment of viral conjunctivitis. After treatment, possible short-term reduced field of view. Ointment are contraindicated before 18 years of age and pregnant and lactating women.

Causes and symptoms of acute conjunctivitis

The Disease begins rapidly, the clinical picture is thus pronounced. Regardless of the reason, which provoked the development of the pathology, the presence of the following symptoms:

  • Malaise;
  • Lacrimation;
  • Headache;
  • Discomfort in the region of the eyes to bright light;
  • Redness of the eye;
  • Swelling of the eyelids.
Purulent conjunctivitis

The development of the disease influenced by both external and internal reasons:

  • Hypothermia;
  • A weak immune system;
  • The presence of diseases of the upperrespiratory tract;
  • Exposure to allergic substances, gases, fumes, wind;
  • A variety of eye injuries.

Acute conjunctivitis: types and symptoms

Each species has characteristic signs by which a doctor puts a diagnosis and prescribes treatment of conjunctivitis. There are the following types:

  1. Purulent. is Formed when the penetration of infection or microorganisms in the organs of vision. The symptoms occur in both eyes. The inflammatory process triggers the formation of pus and, as a consequence, the bonding of the lashes.
  2. Atopic. This type of disease has seasonality. During the spring and summer is allergic to UV rays, pollen and other factors. Tearing and redness of the mucous membrane expressed most vividly.
  3. Bacterial. Predecessor pathology are disease-causing microorganisms. The individual from the eye is a bright color opaque liquid that promotes bonding century, especially in the morning immediately after waking up. In order to open the eyes, they should rinse the tea solution or other means recommended by the doctor.
  4. Catarrhal. the First symptom of the disease appears photophobia, next, in the organs formed a thick muddy slime, which is concentrated in the corners of her eyes.
  5. Infectious. It provokes the development of pathogenic microorganisms (pneumococci, streptococci, staphylococci) and viruses. Appears sharp, even cutting pain in eyes, watery eyes and muddy thick, like mucus secretions, which then turn into pus.

Signs of acute conjunctivitis in children and adults identical. When the first symptoms should consult a doctor. If you cannot visit a doctor soon in the eyes, you can drip the solution of sodium sulfacyl in the form of eye drops.

Therapy of acute conjunctivitis

The Treatment of conjunctivitis, the child in the home begins immediately after diagnosis. It should be remembered that acute conjunctivitis is easily transmitted to another family member. If it affects only one eye still cure both. In this case, using the drops, use a different pipette to rule out any infection in a healthy body. Selection of drug therapy depends on the type of the causative agent of the pathology. When the disease caused by the allergen, as soon as possible to limit his contact with a sick person.

Eye salve

For the treatment of used hormonal and antispasmodic. If the reason for the development of the disease was bacterial microflora, they do samples and pick the most sensitive antibiotic. Often used drugs with broad spectrum of action in the form of ointments and drops. It is also very important in the treatment of conjunctivitis in adults and children to observe personal hygiene. For reviews of patients and physicians, the most appointed and well-established drugs: “Sulfacyl”, “Not”, “Lekrolin”, hydrocortisone and dexamethasone ointment. They are used to prevent conjunctivitis even in infants. In addition, effectively proved themselves, and traditional medicines.

Factors that affect the duration of therapy

For the duration of the treatment of conjunctivitis has an effect:

  • Initiation of therapy;
  • Reason, which gave impetus to the development of the disease: burn mucous, General hypothermia, colds, vitamin deficiency, herpes, or other infection;
  • Acute or chronic form of conjunctivitis;
  • The type of pathogen diseases: allergic, bacterial, viral or a combination of several types;
  • The severity of the disease, which is caused by existing of the individual underlying medical conditions;
  • The nature of the changes eyes: membranous, purulent, papillary, follicular or catarrhal.
eye irritation

From all the above factors will depend on the period of treatment of conjunctivitis in adults and children. A late appeal to the doctor triggers the transition of the acute form of disease into a chronic, and the presence of some serious chronic diseases, e.g. diabetes, significantly delaying the healing process.

The Treatment of bacterial conjunctivitis

Often the provocateur of the disease is epidermal Staphylococcus. Mainsigns – purulent discharge. The Eyewash it is recommended to use antiseptic solutions, or use a weak brew of black or green tea. Antibiotics appoint a doctor strictly for medical reasons. For the duration of the treatment of bacterial conjunctivitis depend on the following factors:

  • A history in a patient with chronic pathologies;
  • The drug is assigned a doctor, i.e. selected drug therapy depending on the sensitivity of the bacteria to the antibiotic;
  • Type of pathogen.
Tetracycline ointment

The Disease is caused by bacterial gonococcus, is considered the most dangerous. Treatment of patients is carried out only in stationary conditions. The duration of therapy will depend on degree of defeat of organs of vision and timeliness of the treatment. Eye disease chlamydia can also lead to severe and insidious disease. Could get both children and adults. The incubation period ranges from one to two weeks. The duration of treatment is about 14 days. Prescribe antibiotic eye drops and ointments, the last lay after thoroughly cleansing the eye from the purulent discharge.

Viral conjunctivitis: symptoms and treatment

Inflammation of the eye, which was caused by a viral infection, may go on their own. The disease is manifested lacrimation, redness, swelling. The weakness, possibly fever and swollen lymph nodes. Refers to this adenovirus or catarrhal conjunctivitis. They are easily migrated as adults, and children. However, in the case of complications or accession of herpes treatment conjunctivitis delayed up to three weeks. Patients prescribed medicines that strengthen the immune system, antiseptics, Eyewash, as well as antiviral agents in the form of drops and eye ointments: “List”, “Trifluralin”, “Poludan”, “Cebrian”, “Aktipol”, “Florenal”. Often people do not attach importance to this disease and leave it without therapy. However, it is conjunctivitis viral nature contributes to the development of such serious diseases, like keratitis, which subsequently leads to blindness. So you should not expect serious complications, and to promptly contact their doctor who will set an accurate diagnosis and prescribe the correct treatment.

Therapy fungal conjunctivitis

In recent years, this type of conjunctivitis is quite commonly diagnosed. The reason for this phenomenon lies in the violation of the rules of hygiene when wearing contact lenses uncontrollable hormonal and antibacterial agents. Treatment of conjunctivitis caused by fungi, is very long, because directly the inflammatory process develops slowly. And therapy is indicated when the disease has already passed into the chronic form. There are more than 60 different types of fungi that cause this disease. In the appointment of a medicinal product, it is important to determine the type of pathogen. This procedure is performed in the laboratory of the medical institution. Then, the doctor appoints drugs that are detrimental effect on the specific fungus. After a course of treatment is assigned to a repeated laboratory analysis, the results of which fixed recovery or the decision about continuing therapy.

Treatment of allergic conjunctivitis

When identifying the cause (allergen) that triggered the disease, its elimination leads to the disappearance of symptoms. However, this does not mean that the disease is defeated. Treatment of allergic conjunctivitis takes a long period. In this type of inflammation remission replaced exacerbations, which may be different time interval. Doctors recommend not only to eliminate allergic components, but also daily care to adhere to prevention: flush eyes with antiseptic solutions. To relieve severe itching prescribe drugs containing hormonal substances. Their use should follow a short course of use in order to avoid the development of side effects. To moisturize the eyes recommend “tear” drop. This type of conjunctivitis is not transmitted to another person, i.e. it is not contagious.

Conjunctivitis: eye treatment in adults

Regardless of the reason, which caused the pathology, treatment begins with washing the organs of vision. For these purposes:

  • Antiseptic solutions or pharmacy factory of manufacture.
  • “Artificial tears”. The drug – it is dissolved in water salts, polysaccharides and organic polymers. According to their biochemical characteristics and acid-the main composition is artificial tears are similar to the natural fluid of the lacrimal glands. There are several varieties of the drug, which differ in the content of the polymers.
  • Tools of folk medicine (herbal teas, tea solution).
Allergic conjunctivitis

Therapy of viral conjunctivitis is carried out with interferon preparations

  • “Poludan” contributes to the production of immunoactive substances, in particular interferons. Course treatment three to five days.
  • “Aktipol” normalizes electrolyte balance, strengthens the processesrestoration of the mucous membrane of the eye. Part of drug para-aminobenzoic acid – this is the strongest stimulator of interferon synthesis. Mechanism of action this drug can be compared with the previous one.
  • ‘Ophthalmoferon” – is a medicine that contains anti-allergic and antiviral. According to specialists, the result terminated the development of the pathological process is much faster than using other drugs. A course of treatment, the average is two weeks, and in chronic form of the disease for about a month.

For the treatment of purulent conjunctivitis with copious discharge from the eyes antibiotics in the pharmaceutical form of eye drops: “Ciprofloxacin” or “Action”. These drugs have a devastating effect on a wide range of microorganisms. The course of treatment depends on the pathological process. If diagnosed with a simple bacterial conjunctivitis, the antimicrobials not shown. In these cases the washing and antiseptics, for example, “Sulfacyl”.

Alternative therapy

The Treatment of conjunctivitis at home folk methods aimed at cleansing the eyes and relieve swelling.

Lotions from the infusion of chamomile flowers or dill juice eliminates redness and inflammation.

Eye wash you can use regular tea, which can apply even to infants up to one year.

Infusion of fennel seeds to treat purulent conjunctivitis. Lotion applied to the eyes several times a day.

The Decoction of the hips and washed my eyes with adenoviral conjunctivitis at least four times a day.

Helps to cope with illness and a poultice of egg white with raw potatoes, grated on a fine grater.

Juice of Kalanchoe, lubricate the eyelids before a full recovery.

Lotions of cucumber juice with the addition of baking soda helps to fight edema.

Infusion of Bay leaf is washed the eyes of children and adults to make better gadgets.

The Infusion of Kombucha relieves inflammation. Use it as a lotion.

The above recipes will give a good result at the initial stage of the disease. If the illness is running, you should apply the medications ordered by the doctor and not to self-medicate.

Forecast and prevention of conjunctivitis in adults and children

With proper treatment of conjunctivitis (photo below), the prognosis is favorable. The transition of the disease into a chronic form is associated with the absence or incorrect therapy. Of the serious complications that can occur – keratitis, the cornea becomes cloudy, vision is significantly reduced, the eyelids are formed ulcers, which is quite difficult cured.

dripping drops

Personal hygiene and anxiety about their own health – this is essential in the prevention of disease. Children from an early age should be accustomed to observance of certain rules of personal hygiene and respect for the organs of vision. To spend with the kid and explained, for example, why can not dirty hands to touch your eyes or use other people's towels. Bacterial and viral conjunctivitis is contagious and is easily transmitted in the home through the use of objects and tools that should be individual, but in fact uses them a few people (cosmetics, towels, bedding, etc.). Individuals with contact lenses need special care to comply with the norms and rules of personal hygiene and care of medical devices. Basic symptoms and treatment of conjunctivitis you have read, and the easiest way to avoid the development of pathology – prevention.

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