The Inflammatory process in the mucosa of the eyes is called conjunctivitis. Signs of the disease – redness, burning eyes, swollen eyelids, itching and watery eyes. This illness affects both children and adults. In most cases, washing with various solutions to fully heal. However, it should be remembered that the disease in some cases can become chronic, so the consultation of an ophthalmologist is required. In this article, we will discuss the symptoms and treatment of conjunctivitis in adults and children.
They depend on the type of pathogen. Final diagnosis the doctor puts after seeing the patient, and the results of the smear discharge from the eyes.
The following types of conjunctivitis:
The Use of ointments in the treatment of eye conjunctivitis following:
The Disease begins rapidly, the clinical picture is thus pronounced. Regardless of the reason, which provoked the development of the pathology, the presence of the following symptoms:
The development of the disease influenced by both external and internal reasons:
Each species has characteristic signs by which a doctor puts a diagnosis and prescribes treatment of conjunctivitis. There are the following types:
Signs of acute conjunctivitis in children and adults identical. When the first symptoms should consult a doctor. If you cannot visit a doctor soon in the eyes, you can drip the solution of sodium sulfacyl in the form of eye drops.
The Treatment of conjunctivitis, the child in the home begins immediately after diagnosis. It should be remembered that acute conjunctivitis is easily transmitted to another family member. If it affects only one eye still cure both. In this case, using the drops, use a different pipette to rule out any infection in a healthy body. Selection of drug therapy depends on the type of the causative agent of the pathology. When the disease caused by the allergen, as soon as possible to limit his contact with a sick person.
For the treatment of used hormonal and antispasmodic. If the reason for the development of the disease was bacterial microflora, they do samples and pick the most sensitive antibiotic. Often used drugs with broad spectrum of action in the form of ointments and drops. It is also very important in the treatment of conjunctivitis in adults and children to observe personal hygiene. For reviews of patients and physicians, the most appointed and well-established drugs: “Sulfacyl”, “Not”, “Lekrolin”, hydrocortisone and dexamethasone ointment. They are used to prevent conjunctivitis even in infants. In addition, effectively proved themselves, and traditional medicines.
For the duration of the treatment of conjunctivitis has an effect:
From all the above factors will depend on the period of treatment of conjunctivitis in adults and children. A late appeal to the doctor triggers the transition of the acute form of disease into a chronic, and the presence of some serious chronic diseases, e.g. diabetes, significantly delaying the healing process.
Often the provocateur of the disease is epidermal Staphylococcus. Mainsigns – purulent discharge. The Eyewash it is recommended to use antiseptic solutions, or use a weak brew of black or green tea. Antibiotics appoint a doctor strictly for medical reasons. For the duration of the treatment of bacterial conjunctivitis depend on the following factors:
The Disease is caused by bacterial gonococcus, is considered the most dangerous. Treatment of patients is carried out only in stationary conditions. The duration of therapy will depend on degree of defeat of organs of vision and timeliness of the treatment. Eye disease chlamydia can also lead to severe and insidious disease. Could get both children and adults. The incubation period ranges from one to two weeks. The duration of treatment is about 14 days. Prescribe antibiotic eye drops and ointments, the last lay after thoroughly cleansing the eye from the purulent discharge.
Inflammation of the eye, which was caused by a viral infection, may go on their own. The disease is manifested lacrimation, redness, swelling. The weakness, possibly fever and swollen lymph nodes. Refers to this adenovirus or catarrhal conjunctivitis. They are easily migrated as adults, and children. However, in the case of complications or accession of herpes treatment conjunctivitis delayed up to three weeks. Patients prescribed medicines that strengthen the immune system, antiseptics, Eyewash, as well as antiviral agents in the form of drops and eye ointments: “List”, “Trifluralin”, “Poludan”, “Cebrian”, “Aktipol”, “Florenal”. Often people do not attach importance to this disease and leave it without therapy. However, it is conjunctivitis viral nature contributes to the development of such serious diseases, like keratitis, which subsequently leads to blindness. So you should not expect serious complications, and to promptly contact their doctor who will set an accurate diagnosis and prescribe the correct treatment.
In recent years, this type of conjunctivitis is quite commonly diagnosed. The reason for this phenomenon lies in the violation of the rules of hygiene when wearing contact lenses uncontrollable hormonal and antibacterial agents. Treatment of conjunctivitis caused by fungi, is very long, because directly the inflammatory process develops slowly. And therapy is indicated when the disease has already passed into the chronic form. There are more than 60 different types of fungi that cause this disease. In the appointment of a medicinal product, it is important to determine the type of pathogen. This procedure is performed in the laboratory of the medical institution. Then, the doctor appoints drugs that are detrimental effect on the specific fungus. After a course of treatment is assigned to a repeated laboratory analysis, the results of which fixed recovery or the decision about continuing therapy.
When identifying the cause (allergen) that triggered the disease, its elimination leads to the disappearance of symptoms. However, this does not mean that the disease is defeated. Treatment of allergic conjunctivitis takes a long period. In this type of inflammation remission replaced exacerbations, which may be different time interval. Doctors recommend not only to eliminate allergic components, but also daily care to adhere to prevention: flush eyes with antiseptic solutions. To relieve severe itching prescribe drugs containing hormonal substances. Their use should follow a short course of use in order to avoid the development of side effects. To moisturize the eyes recommend “tear” drop. This type of conjunctivitis is not transmitted to another person, i.e. it is not contagious.
Regardless of the reason, which caused the pathology, treatment begins with washing the organs of vision. For these purposes:
Therapy of viral conjunctivitis is carried out with interferon preparations
For the treatment of purulent conjunctivitis with copious discharge from the eyes antibiotics in the pharmaceutical form of eye drops: “Ciprofloxacin” or “Action”. These drugs have a devastating effect on a wide range of microorganisms. The course of treatment depends on the pathological process. If diagnosed with a simple bacterial conjunctivitis, the antimicrobials not shown. In these cases the washing and antiseptics, for example, “Sulfacyl”.
The Treatment of conjunctivitis at home folk methods aimed at cleansing the eyes and relieve swelling.
Lotions from the infusion of chamomile flowers or dill juice eliminates redness and inflammation.
Eye wash you can use regular tea, which can apply even to infants up to one year.
Infusion of fennel seeds to treat purulent conjunctivitis. Lotion applied to the eyes several times a day.
The Decoction of the hips and washed my eyes with adenoviral conjunctivitis at least four times a day.
Helps to cope with illness and a poultice of egg white with raw potatoes, grated on a fine grater.
Juice of Kalanchoe, lubricate the eyelids before a full recovery.
Lotions of cucumber juice with the addition of baking soda helps to fight edema.
Infusion of Bay leaf is washed the eyes of children and adults to make better gadgets.
The Infusion of Kombucha relieves inflammation. Use it as a lotion.
The above recipes will give a good result at the initial stage of the disease. If the illness is running, you should apply the medications ordered by the doctor and not to self-medicate.
With proper treatment of conjunctivitis (photo below), the prognosis is favorable. The transition of the disease into a chronic form is associated with the absence or incorrect therapy. Of the serious complications that can occur – keratitis, the cornea becomes cloudy, vision is significantly reduced, the eyelids are formed ulcers, which is quite difficult cured.
Personal hygiene and anxiety about their own health – this is essential in the prevention of disease. Children from an early age should be accustomed to observance of certain rules of personal hygiene and respect for the organs of vision. To spend with the kid and explained, for example, why can not dirty hands to touch your eyes or use other people's towels. Bacterial and viral conjunctivitis is contagious and is easily transmitted in the home through the use of objects and tools that should be individual, but in fact uses them a few people (cosmetics, towels, bedding, etc.). Individuals with contact lenses need special care to comply with the norms and rules of personal hygiene and care of medical devices. Basic symptoms and treatment of conjunctivitis you have read, and the easiest way to avoid the development of pathology – prevention.
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