Toxoplasmosis in humans: causes, types, symptoms and treatment

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2018-03-18 18:40:18

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Toxoplasmosis is called pathology caused by protozoan parasites – Toxoplasma. Toxoplasmosis in humans the muscles, nervous system, eyes, leads to enlargement of the spleen, liver and lymph nodes. The disease is spread very widely and characteristically higher for young adults. Special danger it poses for women during pregnancy.

toxoplasmosis in humansToxoplasmosis in humans: causes

Toxoplasma and able to reproduce sexually and asexually. In sexual reproduction in the human intestine are formed cysts. They have a strong resistance to impact of any factors in the external environment: dryness, low and high temperatures. Cysts leave the body with faeces and exist in the external environment, re-infect people and animals. Toxoplasmosis in humans may occur from contact with infected animals, because this disease affects many species of domesticated and wild mammals and birds. But the breeding of cysts sexually transmitted can occur only animals belonging to the cat family. So, the cat is able within two weeks of the disease to provide up to two billion cysts that can live in the environment for up to two years. In the case of asexual reproduction of resistant forms of the parasite are formed. So, to get toxoplasmosis when you can:

  • Caring for an infected animal;
  • The consumption of undercooked meat or contact with raw meat (for example, many Housewives try to taste raw minced meat);
  • Use of unwashed vegetables, greens, fruits (they can be cysts);
  • Blood transfusions or organ transplants.

positive toxoplasmosisToxoplasmosis in humans: types and forms of the disease

The Pathology can be not only acquired, but congenital when infection of the fetus occurs as a result of the presence of the disease in the mother. Generally, toxoplasmosis can occur in a latent, chronic or acute form. The hardest times occurs as a congenital disorder. And acquired disease usually do not cause almost any symptoms. When injected into the human organism Toxoplasma in the intestines begin to proliferate, and then the bloodstream and penetrate other organs, causing inflammation. So, parasites are striking the retina of the eye, heart muscle, liver. They can stay in the body, not showing activity while the impetus for this will not serve the low immunity or the impact of any adverse factors.

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a blood test for toxoplasmosisToxoplasmosis in humans: the symptoms

The Disease manifests itself differently depending on the shape of the current. The most severe symptoms occur in children with congenital toxoplasmosis. Moreover, if infection of the fetus happened in the early period of pregnancy, he dies in the womb due to the formation incompatible with life deformities. If the infection came in the second half of pregnancy, the baby is born with the defeat of all systems and organs. He may have a yellowness of the skin, low muscle tone, constantly increased temperature, enlarged lymph nodes, spleen, liver, encephalomyelitis, skin rash, strabismus, or blindness, malformed spinal cord or the brain. In acquired toxoplasmosis, occurring chronically or latently, no symptoms, except for irritability, apathy, subfebrile temperature, weakness, disorders of vision.

Diagnosis of toxoplasmosis.

To Identify the presence of the organism Toxoplasma can be in the implementation of parasitological studies. To do this, analyze the cells for toxoplasmosis. A positive result with an absolute guarantee will allow you to diagnose. But the negative will not always indicate the absence of disease, because sometimes Toxoplasma in biological fluids are not detected. To detect antibodies to toxoplasmosis applied an ELISA study. To do this, take a blood test for toxoplasmosis.

Treatment

The Pathology should be treated only when there are clinical manifestations. In this case, prescribed antibiotics, chemotherapeutic agents, antihistamines, and sulfa drugs. Additionally, it may be shown vitamins restorative effect.


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AR: https://tostpost.com/ar/health/14078-toxoplasmosis-in-humans-causes-types-symptoms-and-treatment.html

BE: https://tostpost.com/be/zdaro-e/25133-taksaplazmoz-chalaveka-prychyny-v-dy-s-mptomy-lyachenne.html

DE: https://tostpost.com/de/gesundheit/25155-toxoplasmose-beim-menschen-ursachen-arten-symptome-und-behandlung.html

ES: https://tostpost.com/es/la-salud/25182-la-toxoplasmosis-en-el-hombre-causas-tipos-s-ntomas-y-tratamiento.html

HI: https://tostpost.com/hi/health/14098-toxoplasmosis-in-humans-causes-types-symptoms-and-treatment.html

JA: https://tostpost.com/ja/health/14102-toxoplasmosis.html

KK: https://tostpost.com/kk/densauly/25121-toksoplazmoz-adam-sebepter-t-rler-belg-ler-zh-ne-emdeu.html

PL: https://tostpost.com/pl/zdrowie/25041-toksoplazmoza-u-ludzi-przyczyny-rodzaje-objawy-i-leczenie.html

PT: https://tostpost.com/pt/sa-de/25056-toxoplasmose-em-humanos-causas-tipos-sintomas-e-tratamento.html

TR: https://tostpost.com/tr/sa-l-k/25127-toksoplazmoz-insan-nedenleri-t-rleri-belirtileri-ve-tedavisi.html

UK: https://tostpost.com/uk/zdorov-ya/25100-toksoplazmoz-u-lyudini-prichini-vidi-simptomi-l-kuvannya.html

ZH: https://tostpost.com/zh/health/14729-toxoplasmosis-in-humans-causes-types-symptoms-and-treatment.html






Alin Trodden - author of the article, editor
"Hi, I'm Alin Trodden. I write texts, read books, and look for impressions. And I'm not bad at telling you about it. I am always happy to participate in interesting projects."

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