Medicinal plants: Matricaria recutita. Growing, useful properties and contraindications


2018-03-20 23:52:23




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Our ancestors discovered the healing properties of various plants, which we use to this day. Developing, science has only confirmed the beneficial impact of the natural healers on the human body. Healers of various faiths and nationalities and is now widely used in practice medicinal plants.

Chamomile medicinal: cultivation

Chamomile drug has a special place among medicinal herbs. Its therapeutic properties were appreciated in the days of Ancient Rome, when decoction treating snake bites, wounds warriors, eye disease and burns. Daisy attributed the ability to cure people in times of epidemics of malaria. Use a medicinal herb internally and externally. How, exactly, will tell you more about in our article.

Description of the plant

The name of the plant ‘Daisy" has a history of several centuries. In Rome the flower is called the ‘chamaemelum” that meant “the Apple that grows on the ground”. In Europe, the XVIII century, chamomile was called “uterus”. This is due to the fact that with the help of the plant successfully treated gynecological diseases. In Russia the grass called the ‘romanik”, “globe”, “novel”, “sosonka”, “the novels the color». To distinguish medicinal chamomile from other types of plant is simple – its stem is hollow inside, and the smell of the flower resembles a mixture of apples with honey.

Do you Need a description of the medicinal plants? Chamomile is known to many - it is easy to find in the fields, slopes, and roadsides. The plant reproduces by seeds and is easily adaptable to different conditions. So it can be found in the wild on different continents: Europe, Asia and North America. It is easy to see wild chamomile, and in the mid-latitudes. In addition, due to the renowned healing properties of herbs, it is specially grown as raw material for pharmaceutical products or for export.


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Herbaceous annual plant with a strong ethereal odor. Refers to the group «herbs» chamomile. Photo of wild flower are provided below.

Medicinal plants: Matricaria recutita

Therapeutic part of chamomile

How the herb helps to cure many diseases, how it affects human health? The secret of healing lies in the useful substances that contain medicinal plants. Chamomile drug has in its composition components such medicinal properties which are proven by medical science:

  • Organic acids: salicylic, antemisova, Caprylic, valeric;
  • Acids: ascorbic, nicotinic;
  • Polyene connection;
  • Tanning substances;
  • Flavonoids;
  • Beta-carotene and carotin;
  • Polisaharidy;
  • Fitosterina;
  • Vitamine;
  • Macroelement;
  • Glycoside;
  • Alkaloide;
  • The essential oil, namely chamazulene substance.

Healing properties of chamomile

Due to the fact that the composition of the plant includes a complex useful for the human body substances, chamomile is a medicinal plant with the following svoistvami:

  • Protivovirucnam;
  • Protivovospalitelnym;
  • Ranozazivlatm;
  • Obezbolivatmi;
  • Patagonum;
  • Zhelchegonnym;
  • Spazmolitichesky;
  • Dezinficiruyusch;
  • Protivoallergichesky;
  • Stimulant effect on the Central nervous system.

Preparations containing chamomile medicinal, used in such diseases:

  1. Flu, problems of the upper respiratory tract.
  2. Diseases of ENT-organs.
  3. Gynecological problems assigned chamomile medicinal, beneficial properties of plants help to establish the menstrual cycle, reduce the symptoms of inflammatory processes of the reproductive system.
  4. Diseases of the gastrointestinal tract and urinary system.
  5. In the dental practice: with periodontitis, stomatitis, gingivitis and other diseases of the oral cavity.
  6. In dermatology: with dermatoses, eczema, burns, allergic rashes.
  7. External used for disinfection of open wounds in the form of lotions, compresses, baths.Chamomile - medicinal herb

Is not only Used in folk recipes recutita. Useful properties of this plant are appreciated by official medicine. There are proven medicines made on the basis of this plant, such as: anti-inflammatory medication “Romazulan” and “Rotokan”, the cure for bed sores "ALOR", a drug for diabetes called "Arfazetin”. Widely used chamomile extract in the cosmetic industry.

Chamomile medicinal: use and contraindications

Despite the long list of useful properties of chamomile, there are contraindications to the use of this plant. They especially relate to the internal use. Use for the treatment of chamomile undesirable when:

  • The tendency to allergic reactions;
  • Increased the acidity of the stomach;
  • Kidney problems;
  • Pregnancy.

Drugs with this plant is forbidden to use children under years. Mental illness is also preclude the use of funds, which include the chamomile drug. Useful properties and contraindications must be taken into account when drawing up individual treatment regimens.


If you have at least a small plot of land can try to grow chamomile officinalis by yourself, the more that the plant is undemanding in care. Plot of land for cultivation should be cleaned, as the growth of the herb is disturbed by the weeds. Sow seeds in prepared soil in the spring or late summer/early fall. Planting depth seed should be 1 cm, row spacing-45 cm

In the first week after planting the seed you need to pay special attention to watering plants, as it needs high humidity Matricaria recutita. Plant growth requires to maintain optimal temperature, is 19–21 degrees Celsius. You also need to consider the fact that the grass of light.

Daisy will Delight the first shoots after about 15 days after sowing of seeds. Full cycle development of grass is 3-4 months. In this period it is necessary to regularly monitor the moisture level of the plants, uproot the weeds and to feed Daisy fertilizer.

Collection and storage of chamomile

If all the rules have you will home remedy for various diseases - chamomile medicinal. The cultivation of this plant presents no special difficulties, but the storage has its own characteristics.

To harvest chamomile need in the early period of flowering, when petals are horizontal. This stage of plant development lasts about a month, so the collection is carried out several times. You only need to pluck the blossoms, taking a small portion of the stem. You can use the special metal fixture – combs, but to preserve the medicinal properties of plants is recommended for manual harvesting. If you plan to continue sowing of medicinal chamomile, it is necessary evenly in each row to leave a few plants for subsequent self-reproduction.

Chamomile – a medicinal plant, so it is essential to maintain its healing properties. The feature of the training of chamomile is that immediately after picking the flowers you need to expand the plant in place for drying, since the storage of fresh flowers in basket or bag for 3-4 hours will lead to deterioration of the product.

Dried chamomile in the shade under the eaves or in a special drying at a temperature not to exceed 45 degrees, spread evenly a thin layer (about 5 cm thick) on a cardboard platform or a special frame. It is essential to exclude direct sunlight during drying of raw materials, because they destroy the chamomile essential oil and some other healing substances contained in the plant.

Chamomile medicinal: useful properties

During the drying process, periodically gently mix the grass in order to not stale and not prela Daisy. Medicinal plant dried correctly, if the flowers become more stringent, and the smell intense. Remember that dried chamomile loses its valuable properties, and is sufficiently dried will soon rot.

It is recommended to Store the chamomile in a plywood or wooden boxes, boxes. The container must be dry and have the possibility tightly to close. Keep herbs in a dry place protected from light. Subject to all conditions chamomile flowers can be stored up to 2 years without loss of medicinal properties.

Ready Pharmacy fees of chamomile

Right to grow, and keep chamomile – a laborious and time-consuming task. Much easier to buy the finished product at the pharmacy. Depending on the purpose of the use of plants that produce different forms of drugs with chamomile: packaged dry raw material tea bags with chamomile extract and essential oil.

For the treatment of skin diseases is more convenient to use dried chamomile flowers, have a medical name of Matricariae flos. The cost at the pharmacy - about 40 rubles. per 50 grams. Matricaria recutita (instructions to the drug describes the dosage and method of ingestion) is also used for making teas and poultices for a variety of gastrointestinal diseases, colds and for outdoor use.

Packaged in tea bags, dry chamomile flowers, respectively, were used as a hot drink for colds and problems of the gastrointestinal tract. Delicious flavored drink will give strength and energy for the whole day. But a Cup of this warm tea with honey before bed will calm the nervous system and will be an effective tool in combating insomnia.

Distillation method produce aromatic oils, which are based on medicinal plants. Matricaria recutita also available in the form of essential oil. It has a wide range of actions: soothes, relieves nervous tension and helps fight colds and problems of ENT-organs, improves immunity, wound healing is a tool that is used topically for burns and insect bites. Use the oil directly applying on the affected area of the body or carry out aromatherapy sessions using special lamps. Essential oil cosmetics enrich and add to the bath. But when such a tool is not cheap – around 450 rubles per 5 ml.

Treatment for colds

Chamomile a medicinal herb often used in the treatment of colds in uncomplicated cases or asaid in carrying out drug chart. Remedies based on plants gently reduce inflammation, reduce swelling of mucous membranes, essential oil improves the immune system.

Medicinal plants: chamomile

Warm Chamomile tea it is convenient to buy ready packaged. The instructions that came with the herbal remedies, offers such a method:

  1. Tea Bag pour boiling water.
  2. Cover and let stand for 15 minutes.
  3. Receive in the form of heat without adding sugar or its substitutes in small SIPS. It is recommended to drink tea in the morning while in bed, changing in a few minutes the position of the body from one side to the other, from back to stomach.

In folk medicine, is widely used inhalation using medicinal plants. Chamomile officinalis is an effective remedy against dry cough and runny nose. For this procedure, you must pour boiling water (0.5 l) a tablespoon of dry raw material plants. Cover the pot with a lid and let it brew broth for 15 minutes. Then you can put the infusion in the bottle, pot or other convenient utensil. Bowing his head over the hot broth and covered with a towel, take a deep breath a pair of 10–15 minutes. This procedure should very carefully be considered in children, because of the probability of a burn of respiratory ways and bronchospasm. Kids better carry out the procedure inhalation using a special device-nebulizer.

It is Easy to prepare at home and decoction for gargling a sore throat. This requires a tablespoon of dried flowers boiled in half a liter of water for 15 minutes, then drain and rinse this infusion of the oral cavity. This recipe also helps with tooth pain and bleeding gums.

Cleanse the room from viruses, soothe, relieve symptoms of colds evening session of aromatherapy with chamomile. This aroma lamp it is necessary to put a little chamomile oil to stay in the room for 15-20 minutes. This procedure is quite safe for children. Contraindication is only a tendency to allergic reactions.

Individual adverse reactions in the form of headaches, nausea, dizziness. Most of these symptoms appear in case of overdose of essential oil. Therefore not treated according to the principle of “better in one day”, adding large quantities of oil or during the procedure long time, especially be careful in the treatment of children.

Chamomile medicinal: use in gynecology

Treatment of gynecological diseases

Helps with women's diseases chamomile medicinal. Application in gynecology herbal teas, baths and infusions is quite common. Chamomile effectively cope with inflammatory diseases of the female reproductive system, is an additional therapeutic agent in infections of the genital tract, has a calming, anti-inflammatory and antiseptic effect. Therefore a decoction of the plant is used for treatment of gynecological diseases and their prevention. Helps with the itching, burning, redness of the genitals Matricaria recutita. Useful properties in gynecology used for the normalization of the menstrual cycle, vaginal dryness, and improve libido. Used for such purposes chamomile is the following:

  1. Washing away decoction of chamomile can be carried out as a complement to medical treatment of various infectious and inflammatory diseases of the genitourinary system, also to prevent them. To do this several times a day you should rinse the genitals with a decoction of the plant throughout the course of treatment.
  2. Douching is a common treatment of thrush. For this you need 2 tablespoons dried flowers in a liter of boiled water, to insist 10-15 minutes in a sealed container. Then decant and allow to cool to a temperature of approximately 38 degrees. The broth is placed in a rubber bulb for irrigation and use it to perform the procedure once daily (preferably at bedtime) for 7–10 days. Douching medicinal plant can be carried out every six months for preventive purposes.
  3. Steam sitz bath will help with the vaginitis, candidiasis, hemorrhoids. For cooking, you need 150 grams of dried flowers boiled in 2 litres of water. Leave for 20 minutes. Pour the broth of chamomile in a bowl with a wide mouth – will fit a pot or a bucket. You need to sit down over pairs of medicinal decoction and sit so 10 minutes. It is recommended to spend daily for 10 days.Chamomile medicinal: use and contraindications

Treatment of diseases of the gastro-intestinal tract

In various diseases of the gastrointestinal tract (pain symptoms, flatulence, colic) recommended fees, including medicinal herbs and plants. Chamomile is an integral component of such preparations. Often use herbal chamomile with lemon balm, mint, rosehip or calendula.

But pure chamomile decoction will also bring many benefits in the treatment of various diseases of the gastrointestinal tract. The tool is prepared this way: pour a tablespoon of dried flowers Cup of boiling water. Insist under the lid closed for 20 minutes. Take a decoction three times a day for 1/3 Cup. Single dose for children should not exceed a tablespoon (depending on the age of the child). To use sucha decoction is recommended not more than a week, since prolonged use irritates the mucous membrane of the stomach, violates the acidity that causes heartburn and other adverse reactions.

Application in cosmetology

Often used in cosmetics medicinal plants. Chamomile has anti-inflammatory, antiseptic and bleaching properties, because it is added in medicated cosmetics and daily products for skin care. Many well-known brands present in your product catalog a line of products with chamomile, for example: “Avon», «Clean line», «Yves Rocher». Produce creams, lotions, facial masks, body and hair, lip balms, shower gels and many other products. Many women use chamomile at home. So, a decoction of medicinal plants wash the face, enrich industrial cosmetic products: creams, shampoos, lotions, make masks for face, body, hair. We offer a few useful recipes chamomile:

  1. An Effective remedy for acne and rashes on the face is chamomile lotion. To prepare it you need half a Cup of dry raw pour 200 ml of vodka, give a means to infuse in a dark, dry place for weeks. Wipe the inflamed areas of the skin lotion should be used twice a day.
  2. In the fight against wrinkles, will such a mask: mix infused flowers of chamomile with honey and egg yolk. Add a few drops of olive oil. Apply the product on the gauze, previously cut holes in it for eyes and nose. Apply the cheesecloth to the face, cover with a towel. Keep the mask on your face for 20 minutes.
  3. Strengthens hair, gives them a Golden, healthy hue of chamomile decoction. For this brew 200 g of chamomile in 0.5 l of water. Leave for an hour. This tool rinse hair after washing.

Chamomile medicinal: instruction

Chamomile – a medicinal plant, useful, and effective. But do not forget about the possible adverse individual reactions, contraindications. Chamomile – a great helper in the fight against various diseases, but this does not mean that you have to cancel a visit to a specialist and medication. Self-medication can bring health more harm than good.

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Alin Trodden - author of the article, editor
"Hi, I'm Alin Trodden. I write texts, read books, and look for impressions. And I'm not bad at telling you about it. I am always happy to participate in interesting projects."

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