The prenatal and postnatal periods of child development


2018-03-18 07:41:07




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The Desire to have a child should be meaningful from both parents. The expectant mother is useful not only to know about the forthcoming changes in the body, but read as much information as possible about prenatal and postnatal periods of development of the baby.


Antenatal or prenatal development, which lasts on average 280 days (40 weeks), usually subdivided into three stages:

  • The Initial stage. This is the first week of development from fertilisation to implantation in the endometrium of the embryo.
  • Embryonic stage. Over the next seven weeks is the formation of all systems and organs. The main food for the baby are substances taken with the mother's blood. In the third week laid the blood vessels, and pronephros (predock) and heart. After seven days completed the formation of the liver, stomach, lung, pancreas and endocrine glands, and primary buds, the rudiments of arms and legs. On the fifth week the embryo continues to develop lungs and bronchi, are formed in the rectum, bladder. After two weeks of intensive growth of the head, you can see eyes and ears, toes and hands.
  • Fetal stage. Beginning with the ninth week of pregnancy until birth the baby is gaining weight and growing in size, the continued maturation and development of systems and organs.

postnatal period

Classical Concerts

Until recently the idea to consider the age of the child from conception seemed completely insane, but today scientists are not so skeptical.

The Results show that the baby can learn in the womb. The best method of stimulation is to play a baby classical music.

Almost immediately after conception begins to develop a brain crumbs, and by the end of the fifth month is formed the number of brain cells, which will be the same the whole postnatal period. With intrauterine development of cells grow through the intercellular connections.


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Stimulation of cells by classical music increases the likelihood of development of intelligence. In addition, in the postnatal period such children are easier to teach, and even begin to speak a few months earlier than peers.

After birth

The Postnatal period is the time from birth to death. In Pediatrics, decided to allocate the following stages of postnatal development:

1. The first month after birth - the neonatal period.

2. From the second month to a year infancy.

3. The second year of life later childhood.

4. From two to six years - younger childhood (the preschool period).

5. 6-10 years (girls) and 6-12 years (boys) - high school period.

First month

During the first 28 days of life undergoing fundamental changes. We will tell about the peculiarities of the neonatal period:

  1. Physiological weight loss. Pediatricians consider it normal weight loss up to 10% in the first five days.
  2. Immediately after birth infants have a search, sucking, movement and grasping reflexes.
  3. During the first months of life the muscles are toned, and the body automatically adopts the fetal position. Hypertonicity usually disappears after two or three months.
  4. The Number of bowel movements depends on the frequency of feedings. The first two days from bowel meconium is allocated.
  5. Most of the time newborns spend in sleep – they can sleep up to 22 hours a day.postnatal period called

The Separation of mother and child during childbirth, of course, affects the psychological state of the baby in the early postnatal period. However, maintaining constant contact and this phase passes without serious consequences.

As for the food, the who and pediatricians all over the world consider breast milk is the perfect diet, especially for newborns. The number and frequency of feedings are best left to the discretion of the baby.

From one month to one year

Imagine what a difficult task facing the child in the first year of life. First the baby learns to hold his head up, then to crawl and sit, stand, walk, grasp objects. The formation of the motor skills in children in the postnatal period of development allows them to obtain as much information as possible about the world.

The First attempts to capture and hold the subject to appear in 3-4 months. For these workouts, a suitable light and noisy rattles. At this age children begin to understand the relationship of certain movements and caused by this sounds.postnatal period of development

At About 6-7 months babies discover an independent way of moving in space – a crawl. After some time they try to stand and take those first steps, and the active participation of adults will definitely benefit from this complex process.

At the end of the infant period, the child tries to imitate adults in the manipulation of objects: lifts the mug to his mouth, rolls the car, knocking on the drum.

Two years

During the first year of life baby tied to the mother, but development in the postnatal period adds self-confidence. At 12 months the baby has learned to walk and struggles for independence. Parents are surprised to discover the moment when the child ceases to submit to their will and becomes the person with the desires.early postnatal period

The development of the baby in the period of late infancy is accompanied by the formation of the character and is a very fast pace. Little Explorer relaxed only at the time of sleep, and all the while he literally sits on the site.

Up To two years, the child collects passive vocabulary and learning to understand the spoken language, so after some time start talking on their own.

It's No secret that children can develop in different ways. However, there are cases when the principle of “all the time” is better not to use in the postnatal period. Be sure to consult a specialist if the baby is after a year and a half has not started to walk or play a simple game after two years without a word or react to the long absence of the mother (caring for him an adult).

3 to 5 years

The post-Natal period of development is often accompanied by crises, the first is due in three years. The change of position “we” comes independent “I” that changes the attitude of the baby to everything around him. Instead of a world of objects the main interest now is world of people.prenatal and postnatal periods

In the younger preschool age is the development of communication, social perception and function of speech, as well as imagination and creative thinking.

In the sixth year of life we can assess the personality and character of the baby. Through imagination, the child literally paints your life in bright colors. Experts believe that children's drawings in the younger preschool age – relationship with the internal world of the young artist.

Closer to the school period, the child is well oriented in time and space in the everyday things and relationships between people.

6 to 10 years

On social school readiness speaks of the crisis of 6-7 years. The child tries to realize his place in the complex system of social relations is a division of the external and internal world.

In the early school years considerable changes were made in memory and perception. The leading activity is the teaching, other responsibilities and the daily routine.postnatal period of development

Students show personality and interest in the competition. They are active, full of energy and inquisitive. It is important for children to see a good example before my eyes: the love of parents, the atmosphere of friendliness, willingness to help and mutual respect.


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Alin Trodden - author of the article, editor
"Hi, I'm Alin Trodden. I write texts, read books, and look for impressions. And I'm not bad at telling you about it. I am always happy to participate in interesting projects."

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