Every mom looks forward to when her baby learns to utter the first words. But after this joyful event the alarm is not getting smaller. Is it critical that if in two years the child does not speak in sentences? How to do if the child says the sounds distorted, simplify the words? Let's talk about how to teach the child how to talk without speech therapy, as well as about some of the common mistakes parents.
Speech therapists in different countries have noted that today's children start to speak later than their parent's generation. In addition, they have observed more violations with the pronunciation of sounds. Very often at the reception parents come with a question about how to teach a toddler to talk. Although, according to the law, in this age it is already necessary to speak in simple sentences.
Reasons for the lag can be as follows:
To prevent lag, it is necessary to have an idea about the conventional norms. A newborn baby is able to report their problems in one way - with a loud cry. However, in the months of age, babies begin to say vowels. And they were doing it and toddlers with hearing loss. From 3 to 6 months, babies are actively developing goo goo. The sounds "Ah-Ah-Ah-Ah" and "huuuu" and others they pull from different influences. Interestingly, speakers of different languages can easily learn the "goo-goo" of their little compatriots.
After six months the children will have the talk. Now they learn to pronounce syllables of consonants and vowels. Can accidentally slip combinations, similar to the words: "Mama", "Baba". However, the baby still does not give sound shell value. Babble is not observed in children with hearing problems. His absence is a reason to contact the experts.
Also in 7-9 months babies are developing an understanding of the question. They can show where the mother or a favorite toy. Children clearly determine a person's mood by his tone, trying to repeat the words. To teach the child to speak properly dealing with it. Then year be meaningful words. In the speech of kid can be from 3 to 10.
How to teach a child to talk? First of all, he needed regular communication with family and friends. One can begin when the baby is still in the tummy. It is proved that newborns recognize the voices of parents, quickly calm down under song, which was heard prior to his birth.
Speaking with the child, comment on their actions, call things. Well accepted by children songs, rhythmic poems. Speak emotionally, clearly, change tone. Shock vowels better a little stretch. Lean to the baby that he saw the proper articulation, exaggerated widely open your mouth or stretch your lips. From the first months involve little dialogue, giving time for a response.
With a six-month old baby start roll call, repeating his babble. He will answer you. When contact is established, offer to repeat new syllables: "ha-ha-ha", "tuk-tuk-tuk". At this time, learn the names of toys, objects and the sounds they make: "It's a cat, she says "meow meow". And here machine. She hums: "bi-Bi!". Covering the toy with a handkerchief, play hide and seek. Teach crumbs to show where familiar objects.
If by 12 months a child can not utter more than 10 words, then in six months their number increases 3 times. Often kids say to others in a strange language. At this age, typical:
At the same time actively expanding passive vocabulary. Kids understand the speech of adults, to show in a book named object. Carefully listen to the conversations trying to answer. Parents often wonder about how to teach a child to talk in a year, if he does not take anyattempts. Take a look at the advice of speech therapists.
Unfortunately, the magic methods do not exist. If you don't know how to teach a child to talk in a year, make it a habit not to remain silent. Communicate with the baby, drawing his attention to the objects around. Do not distort the words, speak correctly, gently stretching a stressed vowel. Remember that your baby needs to see what was going on. When you eat, talk about delicious porridge and a round plate. Getting ready for bed, learn the verb "to bed" and bedding.
Here's a few tips:
Before that age the kids have little to say. They are dominated by passive accumulation of vocabulary. But with a year and a half, according to the rules, starts the active mastering speech. The baby repeats all of the others, confusing the syllables, omitting sounds or substituting them with others. The same word is used in different meanings and can be understood only on the basis of the situation. "Baba" may mean that grandma came to visit or Vice versa, is gone. Maybe it gave this toy.
Closer to 2 years children start to combine two words into phrases ("give ball"), to deal with numbers, cases, persons. All this requires the active participation of adults. How to teach a child to talk in a year and a half?
All recommendations concerning the employee's children, remain relevant. It is important to talk a lot with the baby, involving him in dialogue. Pronounce words clearly, but from stretching out the vowels it's time to give up. Don't be afraid to use difficult names. Say "Dolphin" instead of generic "fish". Avoid requests for "repeat", "say", not to cause a negative reaction. Much better children perceive the word "guess".
How to teach your baby to talk while having fun games? You'll appreciate the following ideas:
By this age, kids should say from 100 to 300 words. During the year, their vocabulary is replenished verbs, pronouns, adjectives, adverbs and other parts of speech. Children speak simple sentences, ask yourself questions for adults. To three years the number of "strange" words is greatly reduced, the first "why". In the active dictionary has about 1000 words.
The question of how to teach a child to speak clearly, still is not put. It is permissible distortion sounds, especially in compound words of 3-4 syllables. Toddlers often mispronounce Sizzling and chornye ("R", "l").
How to teach a child to talk in two years? At this time, the children already understand verbal instructions, recognize objects by description ("take the red little ball"). To extend vocabulary well suited to integrated studies, when during the week studied one topic (the so-called "thematic weeks"). For example, you pass the names of fruits and vegetables.
Your week may include:
Speech therapists have longknow how to teach a child to speak in a short time. You need to pay close attention to the development of fine motor skills. Parents can grind and iron handle is two-month baby. With half a year there comes a time finger games. Buy toys with buttons, blocks and constructors. With about a year to cope with the ear, to two years you can buy mosaic, large puzzles, lacing.
As early As possible to draw with the baby, sculpt dough and clay to play with cereals, do simple crafts made. The more loaded fingers, the more successful takes verbal development of the child.
You kept asking about how to teach children to speak sentences? Stock up on children's tales, poems, poteshkami. You can use them from birth. Read the tales of emotionally imitating the voices of the characters. If the child is difficult to focus on the story, look at pictures. Tell me that is drawn to them, ask them to find familiar characters.
For the development of speech useful to learn a short poem, to dramatize the tale with the help of toys, cards. Have two years child can take on the role of one of the characters, pronouncing his words.
How to teach a child how to speak without a speech therapist? If the child is not physiological problems, it is enough to hear correct it without "melting down". Although focused work on language development will be useful too. One year old baby learn to drink through a straw, chewing hard vegetables, crackers. Build faces, imitate sounds: porridge sputtering - "PF" mosquito buzz "and".
Special articulation exercises will develop the muscles of the tongue. Simple exercises will be able to repeat the baby in 8 months, but regular classes started from 2 years. At this age they are used to prevention of violations. If the child after 5-6 years, there are certain defects of speech, selected special exercises to correct these deficiencies.
Let's be honest: there are times when the advice of a speech therapist required. What signs indicate this? Here they are:
If you are concerned about how to teach a child to talk, pay attention to one point. A very important psychological comfort of the baby. When a family discord, the child does not feel safe. He has no desire to Express, to make contact. So often hug his heir, say how much you love him, how proud of every achievement. And then all must succeed.
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