Dogs, which we will talk about today, belong to one of the oldest breeds. According to archaeologists, the sites of ancient people of the Neolithic era found in the territory of present-day Yakutia, the sleds and bones of dogs (presumably Yakut barks) are 7800-8000 years old.
The Yakut laika comes from the village of Nizhnekolymsky Ulus. Dogs with blue eyes have been born in this region since ancient times. More recently, the breed was on the verge of extinction.
The Yakut laika is bred in the north-east of Russia, in places that have long been called "dog rivers". There are a lot of fish in them, so it is easy to feed the animal here. The peoples of western and central Yakutia called it "Sakha yta", which means"Yakut dog".
The peoples of the north have long used these dogs to move through the snow-covered terrain. In addition to them, sleds were necessary for postal services, scientific expeditions, and border guards. In the middle of the XX century, there were more than thirty-three thousand dogs of this breed on the territory of Yakutia, but by the end of the century, with the advent of technology, the number of these animals declined sharply. Gradually, the Yakut laika began to disappear. And it is not known how this story would have ended if V. Z. Dyachkov, a retired enthusiast, had not taken up the case. It took him only nine years to restore the Yakut Laika breed.
At the moment, it is not recognized by the FCI, but it is officially registered in the Russian Cynological Club. This can be considered a very great achievement.
The Yakut laika, a photo of which you can see in our article , is a compact and fairly strong dog, of medium size, with developed muscles. Height of males at the withers – 58 cm, females-55 cm.
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Regular round shape, proportional to the size of the animal. The lips are dense and dry, with well-defined pigmentation. The ears are wide at the base, set high, erect, but the standard also allows semi-erect.
An unusual blue color, almond-shaped, with black edging.
Dense, but without excess fat. The backbone is massive in males, in bitches it is much smaller.
Like many animals of the north, the Yakut laika has a luxurious "fur coat". The coat of these animals is very thick, the undercoat is well developed. It is straight, shiny, and rather rough to the touch. On the hind and forelimbs there are thick patches.
On the neck is a fluffy "collar". The tail is covered with thick hair of medium length.< p>Disqualifying disadvantages are considered sparse and not too fluffy wavy or too soft (silky) wool.
The standard allows spotty color in any combination - black-and-white, gray-and-white, white-and-black, white-and-gray. In addition, white-black with red spots, black with red markings, red - white color is possible. Vices include a monophonic color of any color, except white.
The Yakut laika, a photo of which can be seen in the guides of dog handlers, is by nature unpretentious. It eats much less than other common hunting dogs. Its diet should consist of boiled meat (preferably beef), porridge (millet, wheat, oatmeal, rice), boiled fish (preferably sea), chopped fresh vegetables (mainly carrots), dried fruits. Be sure to add a vitamin and mineral complex.
An adult animal is fed twice a day (in the evening and in the morning). An approximate menu may look like this: 300 g of boiled meat, 100 g of raw vegetables, 130 g of boiled cereals, a little "calcium-containing" food. If the dog's load is high, you can add a raw egg.
To prevent diseases of the teeth and gums, the husky should be given raw bones and tendons. Do not forget that the dog should always have free access to fresh water. It should be changed at least twice a day.
Sweet confectionery, smoked products, seasonings, and fermented milk products should be excluded from the diet. They can provoke various disorders of the dog's health.
Dry food can only be used as a reward for following commands and for obedience. 2 times a month, the Yakut laika needs unloading days - to give only crackers and water. This is necessary for cleansing the body. Further on, what is the character of the representatives of the Yakut Laika breed.
We remind you that today the Yakut laika is not too common in Russia. The description of the breed suggests that these animals are very friendly to humans. They are mobile and bold, easy-going and sociable, sociable and temperamental.
The husky is gambling and persistent, caring and patient towards its owners. These beautiful and proud dogs are capable of a lot for the sake of the owner, whom they love selflessly. The loyalty and devotion of these animals is boundless. But they will only use force if there is a real threat. With such a dog, you can safely and confidently walk, without fear for your safety, leave the house under their protection. The husky requires attention and care from its owners. Especially sensitive to small children.
To strangers, huskies, it would seem, are completely indifferent. In fact, they are watching closely and are ready to act instantly if necessary.
These dogs combine seemingly incompatible traits: the calmness, endurance and confidence of excellent sled dogs with the strength and mobility of a real hunter. It happens that these dogs in a team conflict for the place of the leader. Then experienced dog breeders act very wisely-they appoint two leaders at once. This is the end of the conflict.
The Yakut laika feels great in a cold climate, in the heat it is uncomfortable. Therefore, the husky should not live in an apartment, even in severe frosts it will be better in an open aviary than in a warm apartment.
If the hunting instincts of this dog are not satisfied, then it may feel unrealized, and therefore become restless.
Otherwise, the care of these animals does not differ from the care of other hunting dogs. They should be regularly combed, monitor the health of the eyes and ears and paws. It is recommended to wash the dog only before the show or when the coat is heavily soiled. Be sure to use a special shampoo for dogs.
If you decide to buy a pet of this breed, then you must follow some rules. Yakut husky puppies are charming creatures. Fluffy lumps with blue eyes will not leave anyone indifferent.
However, we want to warn you that a dog of this breed should not be bought on the market. Someone will object and say that, they say, a wide variety of puppies are offered here at very reasonable prices. The Yakut husky, the photo of which we have posted in this article, should be purchased only in a specialized nursery. Only in this case, you can be sure that you have bought a healthy purebred animal.
It is recommended to take the baby at the age of 8-10 weeks. You must first check all the documents: pedigree, passport, get information about vaccinations. The puppy should be active, mobile, not too thin, but not overfed.
If there is such an opportunity, pay attention to how adult animals are kept in the nursery, get acquainted with the parents of the baby. See how the nursing mother behaves in relation to the puppies. She should fully feed them with milk, in no case should she show unjustified aggression to the kids.
When a new tenant appears in your house, you should already have a spacious aviary prepared. For a puppy, you can install a house where the baby can hide and relax. Do not forget that the husky can not always be kept in the enclosure - it needs space and freedom.
This sled dog is extremely popular in the northern regions of our country. In other regions, it is quite rare. There are only a few breeders who breed the Yakut Laika breed. You can find a nursery for breeding these animals in Yakutsk, Krasnodar, Novosibirsk, Bryansk, Moscow and Tver. All of them (except for the Yakut ones) appeared about two years ago.
Animals of this breed are rapidly winning the hearts of dog breeders in Europe. Today, these dogs already exist in Austria, Germany, Switzerland, and the Netherlands. In Switzerland, a magazine was even published, in which the Yakut laika took pride of place on the cover.
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