You can often hear from mothers of babies: "My child is 3 months old, drooling so profusely that I worry - is this normal? Are all babies like this?" Let's look into the causes of this phenomenon, is it necessary or not worth fighting with it? It also happens that a child is 2 months old, drooling in a continuous stream, and parents are at a loss to sort out possible options for their actions.
Parents notice that their babies start blowing cute bubbles in the third month of life. Just during this period, the salivary glands have already formed. Therefore, it is not at all surprising that your child (3 months old) leaves a wet trail on clothes and toys. Drooling down the chin because the baby does not know how to swallow them well yet. A young mother may think that there is too much moisture. Sometimes this process happens earlier - when the child is 2 months old. Drooling at this age is very common. And this is considered a normal physiological phenomenon. It's just that the glands of such babies were formed earlier. And occasionally you can hear that even a one-month-old baby is drooling. Of course, this is not the norm, but every kid is different. And if, in addition to the fact that the baby is drooling heavily, nothing else bothers him (the nose breathes, drinks and eats milk as usual, etc.), then you should not worry about anything.
Salivation is also often associated with teething, and this is correct. Of course, it's a little early for three months, but as mentioned earlier, each organism is individual. In this case, there is no reason to sound the alarm if your child is 3 months old (drooling like a stream), and his gums are already swollen, which indicates the eruption of the first tooth. In this case, the child can be naughty and eat worse. But if everything else is fine (normal stool, not fever), then you should not worry. When teething, the baby can be helped if you give him special rings or toys to chew, and in case of severe soreness and anxiety, the baby should be lubricated with an analgesic gel ("Holisal", "Kalgel", "Kamistad gel", etc.)
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Young parents often think about this when taking off another blouse from a child. It turns out that saliva is more important for infants than for adults.
Firstly, it helps digestion, as it contains enzymes, which contributes to better digestion and assimilation of food. Saliva also softens and dilutes food, promotes the formation of a food lump, which is especially important when the baby begins to try harder food.
Secondly, saliva performs a protective function. It moisturizes the oral mucosa, protecting it from drying out and cracking, and also has bactericidal properties (thanks to the substances contained in it - lysozyme, lactoferrin, mucin, etc.) These characteristics are especially important, because we all know how babies like to pull everything into their mouth.
Thirdly, saliva performs a buffer role, because it is able to neutralize alkaline and acidic compounds in the oral cavity. And it also has a mineralizing effect. In saliva there are compounds of fluorine, phosphorus, calcium, which saturate the tooth enamel with trace elements. But these functions will be important in the period when the child already has teeth.
If your child is 3 months old (drooling profusely), then you need to change clothes as needed. You can use baby bibs, then there will be no need for a continuous change of clothes. It is also necessary, as needed, to wipe the baby's face with sterile gauze or a soft (this is important, because the child has very delicate skin) ironed handkerchief. At the same time, pay special attention to regular hand washing. To pour boiling water over the toys and rings of the baby, which he constantly takes in his mouth, is the direct responsibility of parents.
All these measures are aimed at ensuring that the baby does not have a rash, "jams" (cracks in the corners of the mouth that can become inflamed) and maceration (this is when the skin on the child's face becomes irritated under the influence of saliva, and areas of inflammation are formed) are not formed.
If you still notice maceration or "congestion", then in folk medicine they are recommended to lubricate with olive, sea buckthorn, linseed oil. You can wipe several times a day with decoctions of herbs: calendula, chamomile, sage. And after the procedure, it is necessary to wet the child's face and mouth with a handkerchief. Pediatricians recommend the drug "Bepanten" from pharmaceutical preparations. You can also lubricate with baby cream.
But now there are so many kids prone to allergies that, if possible, it is better to consult a specialist.
One of the reasons is when stomatitis develops in the oral cavity (inflammation of the mucous membrane). With such a disease, sores or white plaque are visible on the tongue, gums, and palate. There may be a high body temperature. Ulcers with stomatitis are very painful. Therefore, the child often refuses to breastfeed.
Another reason may be the onset of the disease, which occurred at a time when the child is 2 months old (drooling profusely). This may be a common acute respiratory infection. Then the baby has a stuffy nose, he sneezes, is restless. The temperature may also be elevated, the baby refuses to eat and drink.
Drooling profusely in the child and with helminthic invasion. Therefore, it is very important to observe the rules of personal hygiene. Usually, increased salivation is observed at night. As a rule, there are traces on the pillow.
Also, in infants, excessive salivation can be noted in diseases of the digestive system (enterocolitis, gastritis, hepatitis) and in some neurological and mental diseases (for example, cerebral palsy, autism).
A trip to the pediatrician is inevitable if, in addition to increased salivation, the following symptoms are noted in the child: high fever, unpleasant odor from the mouth, hyperemic (reddened) and swollen gums, rashes, white plaque, wounds or pustules in the oral cavity. And parents should also sound the alarm when the baby has severe diarrhea (diarrhea); if it is difficult to breathe through the nose, and the mouth is open almost all the time; if saliva flows more abundantly at night; if "jams" have formed in the corners of the mouth, which began to build up.
It is recommended to go to the polyclinic even if the child has a teething tooth, and in this place the gum is moderately hyperemic and swollen; subfebrile (37-37.5) temperature lasts 2-3 days; moderate diarrhea for several days; if the "jams" in the corners of the mouth do not heal for a long time.
This article will help young parents determine which physiological processes are the norm when their child is 3 months old. Drooling, and there are no other symptoms worth worrying about? So it's all right. Stock up on napkins and "bibs". But if you have noted other causes of salivation listed in the article, try to get an appointment with a doctor. An experienced pediatrician will examine the child, consult the parents and, possibly, prescribe the correct treatment. After all, self-medication is not worth it, even when it comes to the health of an adult. And our children are too dear to us, therefore, at the first suspicion of any diseases (and even if there are any doubts), it is necessary to immediately contact a specialist.
Alin Trodden - author of the article, editor
"Hi, I'm Alin Trodden. I write texts, read books, and look for impressions. And I'm not bad at telling you about it. I am always happy to participate in interesting projects."
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