Nuclear power plant in Belarus (Mogilev). The pros and cons of nuclear energy


2018-03-17 20:10:20




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Energy security is one of the key tasks of any modern state. Today one of the most advanced options for production of electricity is the use of nuclear reactors. In this regard, building nuclear power plants in Belarus. About this industrial facility we will discuss in the article.nuclear power in Belarus

Basic information

The Belarusian nuclear power plant is being built in the Grodno region of the country, just 50 kilometers from the capital of Lithuania - Vilnius. Construction began in 2011, and terminate the plan in 2019. The design capacity of the unit is 2400 MW.

The Ostrovets site - the place where the station is being built, - supervised by the Russian company "Atomstroyexport".

A Few words about the design

The Nuclear power plant in Belarus will cost the state budget at 11 billion U.S. dollars.Ostrowiec

The question of mounting the object has emerged in the country in 1990-ies, but the final decision to start construction was made only in 2006. The main location for the station has chosen the city of Ostrowiec.


To Build nuclear power plants, analyzing the pros and cons of nuclear power, was ready to start immediately several foreign powers: China, Czech Republic, USA, France, Russia. But in the end the main contractor was the Russian Federation. Although initially it was thought that this construction will be unprofitable for Russia, which had planned to put into operation its nuclear power plants in the Kaliningrad region. But in October 2011 between Russians and Belarusians, a contract was signed for the supply of equipment in the Belarusian town of Ostrovets.


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Legal aspect

Nuclear power station in Belarus, constructed in accordance with the law regulating the indicators of radiation safety of the population. In this act the prescribed conditions, obligatory for them, which would allow people to save life and health in the context of operating nuclear power plants.the pros and cons of nuclear energy

Cash loan

From the inception of the project, the final cost varied, so as to consider different types of reactors. Initially required $ 9 billion, 6 of which were to go to the construction itself and 3 to create all necessary infrastructure: lines, power lines, residential houses for the employees of the station, railway tracks and other things.

Immediately, it became clear that the necessary sum from Belarus just yet. And because the country's leadership had planned to take a loan from Russia, and in the form of "real" money. This immediately Belarusians said that if the money they get, then the construction will be in jeopardy. In turn, the Russian authorities have voiced their concerns about what their neighbors will be unable to repay the debt or use the funds to support the economy of their country.

In this regard, the Russian officials made a proposal to make the nuclear power plant in Belarus is a joint venture, however, the Belarusian side refused.

Point in this dispute was delivered March 15, 2015, when Putin visited Minsk and gave Belarus 10 billion for the construction of the station. The estimated payback period about 20 years.Belarusian nuclear power plant


The Dredging started in 2011. Two years later, Lukashenko signed a decree authorizing a Russian contractor to begin construction of such a huge industrial facility like a nuclear power plant in Belarus.

At the end of may 2014 was fully ready to pit, and started work on pouring the Foundation of the building of the second power block. In December 2015, the station brought the case to the first reactor.


In may 2016, the media leaked information about what the construction site of a nuclear power plant allegedly collapsed metal. The Belarusian foreign Ministry, in turn, gave the official response to the Lithuanians that no emergency situations at the construction site never happened.

But by October 2016, the number of official accidents during the construction of the plant reached ten, three of which proved fatal.Ostrovets site


As reported by one of the civil activists of Belarus, according to him, July 10, 2015 during a rehearsal of the installation of the reactor vessel it fall to the ground. It was planned that the next day, the installation had to take place in the presence of journalists and television.

On 26 July, the Ministry of energy of the country confirmed the state of emergency, stating that the incident occurred at the site of the case during its slinging to move in the horizontal direction. This emergency situation resulted in immediate and very sharp reaction on the part of Lithuania. On 28 July the Minister of energy of this Baltic country has submitted a note to the Belarusian Ambassador to clarify all the details of the incident and to notify them.

1 Aug installation work on the installation of the case was suspended and then the chief designer of this unit said that the theoretical calculations showed that the reactor has not received serious injuries from the fall. The same opinion was held and the head of "Rosatom", who pointed out the lack of grounds for prohibition of operation of the body.

However, another opinion was shared by nuclear physicists and other technical experts. They all in one voice saying: use the fallen body in the future is impossible. This is due to the fact that, given the weight of the product, welded seams and cover can get critical damage. All these defects were subsequently able to appear due to continuous exposure to neutron flux and lead to the final destruction of the whole structure. Furthermore, engineers noted the lack of a full-fledged experience in the production of similar cases at the factory, located in Volgodonsk, which has not issued such nodes more than thirty years.

In the end, 11 August, the Minister of energy of Belarus stated that the reactor is still replace. As a result, the timing of the completion of Assembly operations will move indefinitely. As a solution to the problem, "Rosatom" made a proposal to use a reactor vessel of the second unit.types of reactors


In the Republic were repeatedly conducted numerous popular demonstrations against the construction of nuclear power plants. The negative attitude to the construction of the station was expressed by high-ranking officials in Lithuania and Austria. Both of these States noted the unavailability of the project for implementation of a number of reasons.

Advantages and disadvantages of nuclear energy

Considering the pros and cons of nuclear energy, it is worth noting that due to the specifics of the course of nuclear reactions, the cost of fuel consumed is small enough. This is the main positive aspect of this type of electricity production. As strange as it sounds, but atoms for peace is environmentally friendly. Even TES does more harmful emissions into the atmosphere than nuclear power plants.

Of the negative aspects of nuclear reactors it is possible to note the difficulty of the waste disposal process and the high risk of industrial accidents that have the potential to harm millions of people.


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Alin Trodden - author of the article, editor
"Hi, I'm Alin Trodden. I write texts, read books, and look for impressions. And I'm not bad at telling you about it. I am always happy to participate in interesting projects."

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