The list of the largest hydroelectric power station of Russia

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2018-04-02 05:31:36

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Modern civilization has created many huge structures, the largest of which are comparable to such ancient monuments as the pyramids of Egypt or South America. Some of these structures-dams hydroelectric power plants, covering the powerful and deep rivers.

Hydroelectric power station of Russia

Russia, which has vast territories and a large supply of hydropower, generated over many rivers, is today one of the leaders among the powerful hydroelectric stations.

HPP on the Yenisei

Only in the Russian Federation, if you count hydroelectric power station with a design capacity of 1 MW and above, there are about 150. Plus many small hydro power plants in Russia. And because of the relative cheapness, availability and large reserves of untapped hydropower that number is growing. Of course, the construction of a huge hydroelectric power station on the rivers of Russia like the Sayano-Shushenskaya plant requires a very significant cost and pays off slowly, so the number of installations is growing at the expense of small power stations.

List of Russian hydroelectric power station high power (1 GW)

Because of the huge amount of hydroelectric power station Russia, we will not in this article to cover them all. Instead, the review will examine the most powerful of them (with a design capacity of 100 megawatts). Some of them form cascades of hydroelectric power station of Russia, which are located on the same river (e.g., the Angarsk cascade). Let's dwell on the major hydroelectric power plants.

Brotherly hydroelectric power station

Number

Design capacity

The Name

Install and launch

Federation

Water feature

1

6.4 gigawatts

The Sayano-Shushenskaya hydroelectric power plant

1978—85 2011—14

Rep. Khakassia

Yenisei river

2

6 gigawatts

Krasnoyarsk hydroelectric dam

1967—71

The Krasnoyarsk CR.

Yenisei river

3

4.5 gigawatts

Bratsk hydroelectric power station

1961—66

Irkutsk oblast

Angara river

4

3.84 gigawatts

Ust-Ilimsk hydroelectric power station

1974—79

Irkutsk oblast

Angara river

5

2,997 gigawatts

Boguchanskaya hydroelectric power plant

2012 14

The Krasnoyarsk CR.

Angara river

6

2,671 gigawatts

Volga hydroelectric station

1958—61

The Volgograd region.

Volga river

7

2,467 gigawatts

Zhigulevskaya hydroelectric power station

1955—57

Samara region

Volga river

8

2.01 gigawatts

The Bureya hydroelectric power plant

2003—07

The Amur region.

The river Bureya

9

1,404 gigawatt

The Saratov hydroelectric power plant

1967—70

Saratov oblast

Volga river

10

1,374 gigawatts

The Cheboksary hydroelectric power plant

1980—86

Rep. Chuvashia

Volga river

11

The 1.33 gigawatts

The Zeya hydroelectric power plant

1975—80

The Amur region.

Zeya river

12

1,205 gigawatts

The Nizhnekamsk hydroelectric power plant

1979 87

Rep. Tatarstan

Kama river

13

1,035 gigawatt

Votkinsk hydroelectric station

1961—63

Perm CD.

Kama river

14

1 gigawatt

Chirkey hydroelectric power plant

1974—76

Rep. Dagestan

The Sulak river

After Analyzing the table we can understand that the largest hydropower plant of Russia built during the Soviet era in 60-80 years.

HPP in Dagestan

Only a small number were built in the Russian Federation in 90-ies in the new Millennium.

Hydroelectric power station built in Russia with a capacity of 0.1 – 1 gigawatt

Number

Design capacity

The Name

Install and launch

Federation

Water feature

1

0.9 gigawatts

Kolyma hydroelectric power plant

1981—94

Magadan oblast

Kolyma river

2

0.68 gigawatts

Vilyuyskaya HPP-I HPP-II

1967 76

Rep. Yakutia

River basin

3

0,662 gigawatts

The Irkutsk hydroelectric power plant

1956—58

Irkutsk oblast

Angara river

4

0.6 gigawatts

Kureiskaya hydroelectric power plant

1987 94

The Krasnoyarsk CR.

The river Kureyka

5

0,552 gigawatts

Kama hydroelectric power plant

1954—58

Perm CD.

Kama river

6

0,52 gigawatts

Nizhny Novgorod hydroelectric power plant

1955—56

Nizhny Novgorod.

Volga river

7

0.48 gigawatts

Novosibirsk hydroelectric power plant

1957 59

Novosibirsk oblast

Ob river

8

0,471 gigawatts

The Ust-Khantaika hydroelectric power plant

1970—72

The Krasnoyarsk CR.

The river Khantayka

9

0.4 gigawatts

Irganayskaya hydroelectric power plant

1998—01

Rep. Dagestan

The river Avar Koisu

10

0,356 gigawatts

The Rybinsk hydroelectric power plant

1941—50

Yaroslavl oblast

The river Volga and the Sheksna river

11

0,321 gigawatts

Maynskaya hydroelectric power plant

1984—85

Rep. Khakassia

Yenisei river

12

0,277 gigawatts

The Vilyui GES-III (Svetlinsky hydroelectric power station)

2004—08

Rep. Yakutia

River basin

13

0,268 gigawatts

Verkhnetulomskiy hydroelectric power plant

1964—65

Murmansk oblast

Tuloma river

14

0,22 gigawatts

Miatlinskiy hydroelectric power plant

1986

Rep. Dagestan

The Sulak river

15

0,211 gigawatts

Tsimlyanskaya hydroelectric power plant

1952—54

The Rostov region.

River don

16

0,201 gigawatts

Pavlovskaya hydroelectric power plant

1959—60

Rep. Bashkiria

Ufa river

17

0,201 gigawatts

Serebryanskaya HPP -1

1970

Murmansk oblast

Crow river

18

0,184 gigawatts

The Kuban HPP -2

1967—69

Rep. Karachay-Cherkessia

The Great Stavropol.

19

0.18 gigawatts

Krivoporozhskaya hydro power plant

1990—91

Rep. Karelia

The river Kem '

20

0,168 gigawatts

The Ust-Srednekanskaya hydroelectric power plant

2013

Magadan oblast

Kolyma river

21

0,16 gigawatts

The Verkhne-Svirskaya hydro power plant

1951—52

Leningrad region

Svir river

22

0,16 gigawatts

The Zelenchukskaya HPP-PSPP

1999-16

Rep. Karachay-Cherkessia

Kuban river

23

0,156 gigawatts

Serebryanskaya GES -2

1972

Murmansk oblast

Crow river

24

0,155 gigawatts

Niva HPP -3

1949—50

Murmansk oblast

The river Niva

25

Of 0.152 gigawatts

Knyazhya Guba hydroelectric power plant

1955—56

Murmansk oblast

The river Kovda

26

0.13 gigawatts

Verhneuralskaya hydroelectric power plant

1984

Murmansk oblast

The river Teriberka

27

0,124 gigawatts

The Narva hydroelectric power plant

1955

Leningrad region

Narva river

28

0,122 gigawatts

The Svetogorskaya hydroelectric power plant

1945—47

Leningrad region

Vuoksi river

29

0,12 gigawatts

Uglich hydroelectric power plant

1940—41

Yaroslavl oblast

Volga river

30

0,118 gigawatts

Lesogorskaya hydroelectric power plant

1937-13

Leningrad region

Vuoksi river

31

0.1 gigawatts

Gotsatlinskaya hydroelectric power plant

2015

Rep. Dagestan

The river Avar Koisu

The Sayano-Shushenskaya hydroelectric power plant

This hydroelectric power plant is the first among the largest hydroelectric power station of Russia. In world scale, it occupies the ninth place. His name is hydroelectric obliged the mountain chain of the Sayan mountains, in the area where it is located, and the place where I whiled away a reference to a famous political figure Vladimir Ulyanov (Lenin) – the village of Shushenskoye.

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Sayano-Shushenskaya HPP top

The Construction of this giant of the power industry began in 1961, some of the construction work was completed only in 2000-ies. In honor of the builders opposite hydroelectric installed a sculptural group: engineers, assemblers and ordinary workers, who worked on another construction of the century, etched in stone. The composition is very picturesque, making it a desirable place for tourist photos.

Dam

The dam of the Sayano-Shushenskaya power plant is the highest in the Russian Federation. Its height is 0,245 km, the length of 1,074 km, width 0,105 km, the ridge width is 0.025 km, and the dam Stability is ensured by the unique design of the arched belt (part load – about 40% will be transferred to rocky shores).

HPP in winter

The Dam goes into the rocks of the coast at a depth of 10 and 15 meters. Simple calculations show that the concrete mixture, which has a dam, could be enough to build a highway from Moscow to Vladivostok.

Emergency

Perhaps the Most severe test of strength for the Sayano-Shushenskaya hydroelectric power station was earthquake force of approximately 8 points on the Richter scale, occurred 10.02.11 G. Despite the fact that the epicenter was located just 78 miles from the station,it has not caused any visible damage to any dams or other structures that power plant Russia.

the largest hydroelectric power station of Russia

But ordinary citizens more aware another incident connected with the Sayano-Shushenskaya hydroelectric power station – crash 2009. It has become so serious test for the power grid of Russia and that the government was forced to impose restrictions on the use of filament lamps of high power.

Accident

The 2009 Accident on the largest hydroelectric power station of Russia has gone down in history as the most significant and large-scale consequences of the accident at TCU (hydraulic structures) of the Russian Federation. Killed seventy-five people. The experts conducting the investigation, called it the main causes of the destruction of the fastenings of a cover of the turbine.

In a powerful stream of water had flooded the engine room, destroyed the floors, walls and numerous station equipment. The power supply is completely stopped.

Possible consequences

The Dam was under threat of destruction. It could be a disaster on a national scale, because the towns and cities located downstream of the Yenisei river, would suffer greatly. The human, economic and ecological costs would be enormous! Fortunately, the plant workers, decisive actions prevented development in the most negative scenario.


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Alin Trodden - author of the article, editor
"Hi, I'm Alin Trodden. I write texts, read books, and look for impressions. And I'm not bad at telling you about it. I am always happy to participate in interesting projects."

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