Individual entrepreneurship (IE) is one of the most popular forms of business today in the Russian Federation, which is a great option for small businesses.
An Individual entrepreneur - a citizen registered in accordance with the law and engaged in business without forming a legal entity. At the moment many young people not wanting to work for someone else, create their own companies and small businesses open retail outlets. They all at some point come to the conclusion: "I Want to become an individual entrepreneur!" But not many know where to start!
When you open your own business, the future entrepreneur can use the services of specialized firms that will fully deal with this question for a financial reward. But for those wishing to gain invaluable experience and save money, it is better not to use the services of professionals, and to understand yourself in how to become an individual entrepreneur. After all, in the future, again and again businessman will be in contact with the fiscal authorities.
For the most intuitive presentation of information all actions required to register, are divided into paragraphs, each of which explains how to become an entrepreneur. Step by step instructions below.
To register a person as an entrepreneur, you must perform the following actions:
This sequence of actions will help in General to understand how to become a private entrepreneur in Russia. Further, the paragraphs set out in more detail.
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So how to become an individual entrepreneur? Where to start? Perhaps the first step should be the introduction of the GICS.
When registering a person as an individual entrepreneur in the state authorities clarified and fixed his future occupation. For this purpose there is a NACE (corresponding to the abbreviation is the all - Russian classifier of types of economic activity).
Each business enterprise has unique number that the prospective PI must indicate in the design documents. A list of NACE can be found in advance in the office or on its website.
In 2015 the law of the Russian Federation will come into effect the NACE 2, which will determine the occupation of IP and LLC. In this section a classifier 21, which are divided into 88 classes.
Code OKVED can indicate the class, subclass, group, subgroup and type of activity. Accordingly, it may consist of two, three, four, five or six digits. But it should be noted that in the application for registration of IE it can not be less than four numbers, which means that the entrepreneur must define the class, subclass and group.
SP can choose multiple codes (up to 50), while designating one of them as primary (the profit in this business must be more than 60% of total revenue).
Note that in the NACE there are codes, selecting which the entrepreneur must obtain a license. So with the list of licensed occupations are also advised to read.
To understand how to become an individual entrepreneur in 2014 and find the right code for your business, you should refer to the current NACE version of the classifier - OK 029-2001 (NACE Rev. 1).
In General, the PI has the opportunity to use one of the four tax regimes: UPDF (simplified taxation system), the simplified system of taxation based on the patent, unified tax on imputed income (UTII) or the General tax system, in which the revenue is recognized on payment and VAT on an accrual basis). Agricultural producers and farmers can use the Uniform agricultural tax.
UPDF is the most popular among the FE system of taxation. As when using it with a simple tax and accounting. In addition, it reduces the tax burden on the private entrepreneur.
UPDF is of two types. With the object of taxation is the total income (the tax is 6%) or with the object n/a revenues less expenses (tax is 15%). To choose the type of USNO SP has the right.
If the owner decided to install UPDF, he must provide the appropriate transition statement in two copies to FNS. This can be done during registration, and within thirty calendar days thereafter.
In Russia, an individual entrepreneur is obliged to pay contributions to social funds. If it is not the employer and uses the USNO with object of taxation the total income or imputed income, thethe tax amount can be reduced by the amount of the premium.
December 29, 2014 the Russian President signed a decree on tax breaks for aspiring entrepreneurs, according to which from 01.01.2015 all FE during the first two years of operation are exempt from the tax burden.
For registration you will need to collect and prepare a number of documents:
And you will also need an application form P21001, receipt of payment of registration fee and a copy of it. Documents numbered 3 and 4 are optional. They can be submitted deadlines or do not submit if you do not need in migrating to other means of taxation.
Copy any of the passport pages needs to be done should be clarified in the specific branch of the IRS. But if the design passes through the intermediary, then the copies should be removed from all pages.
There are certain types of activities in which you are obliged to submit a certificate confirming no criminal record. They can and should be clarified in advance with the IRS.
The Fourth paragraph in "How to become an individual entrepreneur" is filling out the application. The statement on registration of the physical person as IP is filled in in the form P21001. Always black pen, in capital letters, without mistakes and corrections. And you can fill it in block letters on the computer, print on the printer in the future. While using the font Courier New - 18. Duplex printing is prohibited.
The Form of the statement can be taken in any Department on or download from the Internet (on the website of the FTS). There is also a fill pattern.
The Application should be filled very carefully, as in the case of errors the following may occur: FNS will not be allowed to apply a business-friendly form of taxation, forced licensing, or even refuses to open a UI.
All sheets of the application and documents, it is desirable to embroider, to specify the termination number of leaves and signature. But according to the letter FNS from 25.09. 2013 N SA-3-14/3512, this is not a mandatory condition for acceptance of documents. All the leaves you can just fasten a paper clip or stapler.
Once the application form filled P21001, the future businessman should pay the state fee. This can be done simply and quickly at any branch of a licensed Bank. The form with the required details should be placed in the unit on the place of sole proprietorship. Or office of the Bank, but empty, without details need FTS. In this case, the form must be filled manually pre-specifying them.
Note that starting from March 11, 2014, according to the Order of the Ministry of Finance of the Russian Federation of 26.12.2013 N 139, non-receipt of payment of state duty is not a basis for refusal to permit the registration of IE. Check payment the IRS may independently through its own information system. Therefore, the entrepreneur may pay the fee via e-wallets or terminals.
The Amount of this fee for 2014 is 800 rubles, and in 2015, its amount will increase to 1300 rubles.
After stamp duty has been paid, you should make a photocopy of the payment receipt and attach it to the rest of the previously collected documents.
The Sixth step in "How to become an individual entrepreneur" is the direct submission of documents to the appropriate service.
In accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation registration of IP takes place only in the bodies of the tax service at the place of registration of a future entrepreneur. In line with this, the person who wants to draw themselves as entrepreneurs, need to know what division FTS it belongs to, what address it is located. To see this information on the official website of the FTS.
If the constant is not registered, the person may apply to the authority on the place of temporary residence permits.
Apply to the relevant body as their own (personally, having come in on) or through a legal representative. Also, the documents may be sent to FNS by mail. In this case, sent a valuable letter with the investment inventory. Permission to engage in individual entrepreneurship comes by mail. Time this method takes longer than the other two above.
If the citizen is in the on personally, he should provide copies of documents and originals. If sent, all the papers should be pre-certified by a notary.
If you take the help, it is necessary not only legally certified copies of documents, but in the same way, the confirmed signature of the applicant and General power of attorney for right representation.
Another issue of IP, you can use the Internet on the official website FNS. This method is available since 9 January 2013 in all the cities of the Russian Federation.
After receiving the documents the person they passed, issued on hand receipt of package. If a future entrepreneur does not personally provide documents, the receipt is sent to him by mail (to representatives on handa receipt is not issued).
The Seventh step in "How to become an individual entrepreneur (2015)" is the final.
After five working days from the day when documents were submitted to the IRS, the applicant must obtain the answer by hand or by mail. They will be the extract from the Unified register of individual entrepreneurs and the certificate on state registration physical person as an individual entrepreneur (OGRN).
The Applicant must give a copy of these documents to the tax inspector.
In registration may be refused in case of:
After registration as an individual entrepreneur, the businessman is obliged to have a seal, to be registered in the Pension Fund, to buy a cash register when needed (and register it in the tax service) and to open a Bank account in any Bank.
If the PI has been a change in any data (change of passport, address of residence, etc.), he must inform the registered authority by contacting him repeatedly with the statement within 3 days from the date of the change.
To Register with the FIU and Fund social services.insurance should be the case if the PI intends to use the labor of hired workers. It must be done within 5 working days from the date of taking on the first employee.
In the Russian Federation, registration of individual entrepreneurs is regulated by law - the Civil code of the Russian Federation, Government regulations and Federal laws, the main of which is N 129-FZ “On the state registration of legal entities and individual entrepreneurs”.
If you wonder about how to become an individual entrepreneur in St. Petersburg, it should be noted that the authority dealing with this issue in this city, is on number 15. This organization is located at the address: St.-Petersburg, street of the red Textile worker, house 10/12 letter O.
If you need information on how to become an individual entrepreneur in Moscow, then you should know that the sole proprietorship the capital engaged in MIFNS number 46. This institution can be found at the address: Moscow, Marching travel, house 3, building 2.
In conclusion, it is worth noting that once it became clear how to become an entrepreneur, it's time to act! Do not be afraid of long queues and paperwork, after all this experience, and there are a lot of achievements in his own entertaining and profitable business!
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